江阴一中2018-2019学年度第一学期12月阶段检测
作者: 发布时间:2019-01-02 08:48:42 本文来源于:
  

  高二英语试卷

  (考试时间:120分钟,满分150分)

  NO.54第16周

  第Ⅰ卷(选择题,共95 分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分20分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项并标在试卷的相应位置。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. What does the man want?

  A. A tennis game. B. An online game. C. A shooting game.

  2. What will the man do next?

  A. Make dinner. B. Wash the dishes. C. Watch TV.

  3. What does the man mean?

  A. He prefers to keep the window closed.

  B. He is too busy to open the window.

  C. He agrees to open the window at once.

  4. What is the time now?

  A. About 5:30. B. About 5:00. C. About 4:30.

  5. What does the man suggest doing?

  A. Pressing the emergency button.

  B. Calling the service centre.

  C. Doing nothing for a short while.

  第二节 (共15小题;每题1分,满分15分)

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. What did the woman spend $10 on?

  A. The taxi. B. The hot dogs. C. The popcorn and drinks.

  7. Where did the speakers go just before they went home?

  A. To the convenience store. B. To the movies. C. To the new hot dog place.

  听第7段材料,回答第8至10题。

  8. What relation is Ms Leska to the woman?

  A. Her roommate. B. Her cousin. C. Her workmate.

  9. Who will probably meet Kevin at the bus station?

  A. Claudia. B. Tara. C. Albee.

  10. What will the woman do at 3:00 p.m.?

  A. Meet the man. B. Look after Ms Leska. C. Teach a class.

  听第8段材料,回答第11至13题。

  11. How did the man learn to play instruments?

  A. He taught himself.

  B. He learned it at school.

  C. He learned it at pubs and clubs.

  12. What instrument did the man play first?

  A. The piano. B. Keyboards. C. The drum.

  13. When did the man leave school?

  A. In 1981. B. In 1992. C. In 1997.

  听第9段材料,回答第14至17题。

  14. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. An article. B. A newspaper. C. A minibus.

  15. How did the girl fall down on the road?

  A. She tripped over something.

  B. She was knocked over by a car.

  C. She slipped because of the wet road.

  16. Who flew out in the accident?

  A. A car driver. B. A minibus driver. C. A minibus passenger.

  17. What can we learn from the conversation?

  A. The accident took place on Tuesday.

  B. A truck was involved in the accident.

  C. The woman witnessed the accident.

  听第10段材料,回答第18至20题。

  18. When were the speaker and his friends caught in a storm?

  A. The second night. B. The fifth night. C. The last night.

  19. What was the weather like on the last day?

  A. Rainy. B. Cloudy. C. Fine.

  20. What do we know about the speaker?

  A. He was persuaded into the trip.

  B. He walked 100 miles in one week.

  C. He was disappointed at the trip.

  第二部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节:单项填空(共15小题,每小题1分,共15分)

  请认真阅读下面各题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  21.We are all eager to see whether or not the chairman himself is going to ___________ the commitment he has made.

  A. get down to B. look forward to C. live up to D. think back to

  22.I saw your uncle take a taxi to the airport. Why didn’t you drive him there?

  — I ___________. But my car ___________.

  A. would; was fixed B. would have; was fixed

  C. would have; was being fixed D. did; was being fixed

  23.These scientists of the center __________ to finding measures to stop desertification have done much research into the problem since the center set up in 1996.

  A. have committed B. committed

  C. being committed D. have been committed

  24.Comfortable as the chair was ___________, he preferred standing while attending the lecture.

  A. to sit on B. to be sat on C. sitting on D. sit on

  25.—What did the two countries want to avoid as cooperative partners rather than enemies?

  —___________ the mistakes happening in history.

  A. To repeat. B. Having repeated C. To have repeated D. Repeating

  26.The seeming logic of addressing the issue has fallen apart that ___________ economy develops, interpersonal relationships worsen, for people are willing to take due responsibility.

  A. unless B. before C. what D. where

  27.The need to do what the majority of us are doing forces us to take up activities which we ___________ otherwise.

  A. won’t B. wouldn’t C. should D. might

  28.____________ you lose weight in a healthy way, I don’t really care what your ___________ is.

  A. Even though; account B. As long as; motivation

  C. So that; entertainment D. In case; performance

  29.In his youth, however, he never left his home town, let alone ___________ to another country.

  A. travelling B. to travel C. travelled D. travel

  30. I’ll come to see your performance at 9:00 tomorrow evening.

  — I’m sorry, by then my performance __________ and I ___________ reporters in the meeting room.

  A. will end, will meet B. will have ended, will be meeting

  C. will be ended, am going to meet D. is to end, will meet

  31. Located in the center of Melbourne, Australia, are two tall towers designed by building architect Phil Rowe, both of ____________ shaped like massive tree houses rather than skyscrapers.

  A. who B. them C. which D. whom

  32. The two passengers occupying seats were reported ___________ from taking trains for 180 days.

  A. to be banned B. to have been banned

  C. being banned D. having been banned

  33. I don't mind playing against a beginner, like myself, but I'm not going to ____________ someone who has been playing chess for years..

  A. take up B. take down C. take off D. take on

  34. — Congratulations! Yesterday’s fund-raising charity was a great success.

  — Yes. And I’d like to thank everyone __________ for making this activity __________ so smoothly.

  A. concerning; to run B. concerned; run

  C. concerned; running D. to concern; running

  35. — I was reading The Romance of the Three Kingdoms yesterday, but I couldn’t understand it.

  — _____________. It is classical literature, so take your time to enjoy it.

  A. Don’t fly off the handle B. Don’t be over the moon

  C. More haste, less speed D. You got me there

  第二节: 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  请认真阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  I find it interesting sometimes that even the most ordinary occurrences can have an impact on our awareness.

  My wife, daughter, and I moved into our home nine years ago and we ___36___ a lot of time and energy in the yard to getting it looking like it does today. We ___37___ on a corner, higher than street level, and the entire side of the yard is ___38___ by a professionally built rock wall. We did the best to put what we had into ___39___ and called this area our “rock garden”. Whenever we had flowers or plants, my wife Denise or I would stick them out and plant them in the “rock garden”, just to bring some ___40___ to the area.

  I still do all of my own yard work, even the ___41___ weed-pulling. After _ _42___ my knee pads, I assume the ___43___ to clear the yard of weeds, even in the rock garden.

  Last summer I had reached the end of the rock garden and found a tiny little ___44___ that I could not ___45___ identify. I knew I didn’t plant it and Denise ___46___ that she didn’t either. We decided to let it continue growing until we could ___47___ what it was.

  Weeks passed and ___48___ I made my way back to the mystery plant, it appeared to be a sunflower. It was ___49___, looking with a tall thin stalk (茎) and only one head on it. I decided to ___50___ it and weed around it. As I ___51___ rocks from the area to get to the weeds, I noticed something ___52___. The sunflower had not started where I saw the stalk begin. It actually had begun under a big rock and ___53___ under and around it to reach the sun.

  That’s when I realized that if a tiny little sunflower didn’t let a big rock stand in its way of developing, we too have the ___54___ of doing the same thing. As long as we try, we can find ways to go under or around our big ___55___ in order to reach our desires.

  36.A. use B. spent C. applied D. devoted

  37.A. work B. live C. stay D. play

  38.A. crowded B. surrounded C. prohibited D. governed

  39.A. effect B. practice C. use D. operation

  40.A. color B. peace C. credit D. focus

  41.A. plain B. bored C. tiring D. initial

  42.A. holding on B. taking on C. bringing on D. putting on

  43.A. position B. style C. tissue D. thumb

  44.A. flower B. plant C. crop D. bush

  45.A. suddenly B. hardly C. gradually D. instantly

  46.A. claimed B. instructed C. described D. guaranteed

  47.A. turn out B. figure out C. hold out D. pick out

  48.A. as B. before C. since D. because

  49.A. pitiful B. ugly C. pretty D. weak

  50.A. admire B. consider C. attend D. observe

  51.A. pushed B. removed C. transported D. conducted

  52.A. cheerful B. unnatural C. unusual D. appealing

  53.A. pulled B. dug C. expanded D. grown

  54.A. power B. capability C. energy D. strength

  55.A. conflicts B. responsibilities C. barriers D. chances

  第三部分:阅读理解(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  请认真阅读下列短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Some of the world’s most significant problems never hit headlines. One example comes from agriculture. Food riots and hunger make news. But the trend lying behind these matters is rarely talked about. This is the decline in the growth in yields of some of the world’s major crops. A new study by the University of Minnesota and McGill University in Montreal looks at where, and how far, this decline is occurring.

  The authors take a vast number of data points for the four most important crops: rice, wheat, corn and soya beans. They find that on between 24% and 39% of all harvested areas, the improvement in yields that took place before the 1980s slowed down in the 1990s and 2000s.

  There are two worrying features of the slowdown. One is that it has been particularly sharp in the world’s most populous(人口多的)countries, India and China. Their ability to feed themselves has been an important source of relative stability both within the countries and on world food markets. That self-sufficiency cannot be taken for granted if yields continue to slow down or reverse.

  Second, yield growth has been lower in wheat and rice than in corn and soybeans. This is problematic because wheat and rice are more important as foods, accounting for around half of all calories consumed. Corn and soya beans are more important as feed grains. The authors note that “we have preferentially focused our crop improvement efforts on feeding animals and cars rather than on crops that feed people and are the basis of food security in much of the world.”

  The report qualifies the more optimistic findings of another new paper which suggests that the world will not have to dig up a lot more land for farming in order to feed 9 billion people in 2050, as the Food and Agriculture Organization has argued.

  Instead, it says, thanks to slowing population growth, land currently ploughed up for crops might be able to revert(回返)to forest or wilderness. This could happen. The trouble is that the forecast assumes continued improvements in yields, which may not actually happen.

  56. What does the author try to draw attention to?

  A. Food riots and hunger in the world.

  B. News headlines in the leading media.

  C. The decline of the grain yield growth.

  D. The food supply in populous countries.

  57. Why does the author mention India and China in particular?

  A. Their self-sufficiency is vital to the stability of world food markets.

  B. Their food yields have begun to decrease sharply in recent years.

  C. Their big populations are causing worldwide concerns.

  D. Their food self-sufficiency has been taken for granted.

  58. What does the new study by the two universities say about recent crop improvement efforts?

  A. They fail to produce the same remarkable results as before the 1980s.

  B. They contribute a lot to the improvement of human food production.

  C. They play a major role in guaranteeing the food security of the world.

  D. They focus more on the increase of animal feed than human food grains.

  59. What does the Food and Agriculture Organization say about world food production in the

  coming decades?

  A. The growing population will greatly increase the pressure on world food supplies.

  B. The optimistic prediction about food production should be viewed with caution.

  C. The slowdown of the growth in yields of major food crops will be reversed.

  D. The world will be able to feed its population without increasing farmland.

  60. How does the author view the argument of the Food and Agriculture Organization?

  A. It is built on the findings of a new study.

  B. It is based on a doubtful assumption.

  C. It is backed by strong evidence.

  D. It is open to further discussion.

  B

  There has long been a notion (观念) that money buys happiness. However, although “we really, really tried that for a couple of generations, it didn’t work,” said Francine Jay, author of The Joy of Less, A Minimalist Living Guide: How to Declutter, Organize, and Simplify Your Life.

  Thanks to a travel-inspired revelation (启发), Jay has been happily living a simpler life for 12 years. “I always packed as lightly as possible, and found it exciting to get by with just a small carry-on bag,” she told CNN. “I thought if it feels this great to travel lightly, how amazing would it be to live this way? I wanted to have that same feeling of freedom in my everyday life.”

  Jay decided to get rid of all her excess (额外的) possessions and live with just the essentials (必需品). “I wanted to spend my time and energy on experiences, rather than things.”

  Jay is a follower of a movement called “minimalism (极简主义)”. Growing numbers of people have been attracted to this lifestyle all over the world. They share the same feeling of disappointment with modern life and a desire to live more simply. Minimalists are typically progressive and concerned about the environment, Leah Watkins, a lead researcher at Otago University in New Zealand, told Stuff magazine in March.

  But many simply experienced unhappiness caused by owning too many possessions. Depression with the materialism of our world isn’t new. English romantic poet William Wordsworth summed up how dispiriting (令人 消沉的) this was back in 1802, at the beginning of the industrial age, when he wrote: “Getting and spending, we lay waste our powers”. His preference was to go back to nature. Closer to our own times, the hippies (嬉皮士) of the 1960s also sought to ‘‘drop out” of modern life.

  And for many minimalists, their key is to unload. Without objects, they “believe people are forced more and more into the present moment and that’s where life happens,” wrote Stuff.

  But does simplicity ever feel like a sacrifice (牺牲)?

  “It’s eliminating the excess—unused items, unnecessary purchases—from your life. Well, I may have fewer possessions, but I have more space … Minimalism is making room for what matters most,” said Jay.

  And “the real questions”, according to Duane Elgin, US social scientist, are “what do you care about?” and “What do you value?”

  He told CNN: “It’s important for people to realize minimalism isn’t simply the amount of stuff we consume. It’s about our families, our work, our connection with the larger world, our spiritual dimension. It’s about how we touch the whole world. It’s a way of life.”

  61. What was the author’s main purpose in writing the text?

  A. To explore the trend of minimalism.

  B. To give tips on how to lead a happy life.

  C. To argue whether money buys happiness.

  D. To recommend one of Francine Jay’s books.

  62. What inspired Francine Jay to live a simple life?

  A. A book she came across.

  B. Her desire to keep up with modern life.

  C. The pleasure she enjoyed from traveling lightly.

  D. A follower of minimalism she met on a trip.

  63. According to Leah Watkins, a typical minimalist tends to .

  a. be fed up with materialism

  b. like saving and visiting nature often

  c. be angry about his or her current life

  d. be environmentally friendly and live with fewer things

  A. a, b B. a, d

  C. a, b, c D. b, c, d

  64. The underlined word “eliminating” in Paragraph 8 probably means .

  A. removing B. distinguishing

  C. accepting D. improving

  65. Which of the following would Duane Elgin probably agree with?

  A. Minimalism is a healthy lifestyle that is in conflict with modem life.

  B. Minimalism limits people’s freedom to enjoy their lives to the fullest.

  C. Minimalism enables people to reflect on what truly counts in their lives.

  D. Minimalism means people have to sacrifice some pleasure to live simply.

  C

  Miss Martha, aged 40, kept a little bakery on the corner.

  Two or three times a week a customer came in in whom she began to take an interest. He spoke English with a strong German accent. His clothes were worn and darned in places, and wrinkled and baggy in others. But he looked neat, and had very good manners.

  1.He always bought two loaves of stale bread. Fresh bread was five cents a loaf. Stale ones were two for five. Never did he call for anything but stale bread.

  Once Miss Martha saw a red and brown stain on his fingers. She was sure then that he was an artist and very poor. No doubt he lived in a attic painting pictures and ate stale bread.

  Often when Miss Martha sat down to her chops and light rolls and jam and tea she would sigh, and wish that the gentle-mannered artist might share her tasty meal instead of eating his dry bread.

  In order to test her theory as to his occupation, she brought from her room one day a painting that she had bought at a sale, and set it against the shelves behind the bread counter.

  Two days afterward the customer came in.

  "Two loafs of stale bread, if you please.

  "A fine picture, madam," he said while she was wrapping up the bread.

  "Yes?" says Miss Martha "I do admire art. You think it is a good picture?"

  "Der balance," said the customer, is not in good drawing. Then he took his bread, and hurried out.

  How and kindly his eyes shone behind his spectacles! To be able to judge perspective at a glance -- and to live on stale bread! But genius often has to struggle before it is recognized. She thought he began to look thinner. 2. Her heart ached to add something good to eat to his meagre purchase, but her courage failed at the act. She did not dare affront him. She knew the pride of artists.

  Miss Martha took to wearing her blue-dotted silk waist behind the counter. In the back room she cooked a mysterious compound of quince seeds and borax.

  One day the customer came in as usual, and called for his stale loaves. 3. While Miss Martha was reaching for them, a fire-engine came lumbering past. He hurried to the door to look, as any one will. Suddenly inspired, Miss Martha seized the opportunity. With a bread knife Miss Martha made a deep slash in each of the stale loaves, inserted a generous quantity of butter, and pressed the loaves tight again.

  When the customer turned once more she was tying the paper around them.

  When he had gone, after an unusually pleasant little chat, Miss Martha smiled to herself. For a long time that day her mind dwelt on the subject. She imagined the scene when he should discover her little deception.

  He would prepare for his luncheon of dry bread and water. He would slice into a loaf -- ah!

  Miss Martha blushed. Would he think of the hand that placed it there as he ate? Would he?

  The front door bell jangled viciously. Somebody was coming in, making a great deal of noise.

  Martha hurried to the front. Two men were there. One was a young man smoking a pipe -- a man she had never seen before. 4. The other was her artist.

  His face was very red, his hat was on the back of his head, his hair was wildly rumpled. He clinched his two fists and shook them ferociously at Miss Martha. At Miss Martha.

  "Dummkopf!" he shouted with extreme loudness; and then "Tausendonfer!" or something like it in German.

  Miss Martha leaned weakly against the shelves and laid one hand on her blue-dotted silk waist. The young man took the other by the collar.

  "Come on," he said, "you've said enough." He dragged the angry one out at the door to the sidewalk, and then came back.

  "Guess you ought to be told, ma'am," he said, "what the row is about. That's Blumberger. He's an architectural draftsman. I work in the same office with him.

  "He's been working hard for three months drawing a plan for a new city hall. It was a prize competition. He finished inking the lines yesterday. You know, a draftsman always makes his drawing in pencil first. When it's done he rubs out the pencil lines with handfuls of stale bread crumbs. That's better than India rubber.

  "Blumberger's been buying the bread here. Well, to-day -- well, you know, ma'am, that butter isn't -- well, Blumberger's plan isn't good for anything now except to cut up into railroad sandwiches."

  Miss Martha went into the back room. She took off the blue-dotted silk waist and put on the old brown serge she used to wear. Then she poured the quince seed and borax mixture out of the window into the ash can.

  66. Which of the following can best describe Miss Martha?

  A. Sympathetic, dreamy and decisive

  B. Disciplined, ambitious and generous

  C. Proud, sensitive and conservative

  D. Practical, dependable and diligent

  67. What does the “blue-dotted silk waist” symbolize?

  A. Miss Martha’s fine appreciation for art.

  B. Miss Martha’s affection for the customer.

  C. Miss Martha’s strong sense of ceremony.

  D. Miss Martha’s confidence in her baking skills

  68. Which of the following sentences best forwards the plot?

  A. ① B. ② C. ③ D. ④

  69. Which of following sentences indicates the change of Miss Martha’s feelings

  A. Curious→ excited→ lost→ relived.

  B. Curious→ hopeful→ frustrated → calm.

  C. Nervous→ delighted→ disappointed→ angry.

  D. Nervous→ satisfied→frightened→depressed.

  70. What message does the story convey?

  A. All is well that ends well.

  B. Love grows with obstacles

  C. Don’t count your chickens before they are hatched.

  D. Don’t measure other people’s corn by your own bushel.

  第Ⅱ卷(非选择题共55分)

  第四部分:单词拼写(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  71.I would like to express my a________________ and thanks to you all for what you have done for me.

  72.Television has replaced film as our country’s most popular form of e_________________.

  73.The city’s water supply is no longer a__________________ for its needs.

  74.Although tobacco ads are _____________, companies get around the ban by sponsoring music shows.

  75.Optimists know that if they are in good s__________, their day-to-day experiences and interactions are more positive.

  76.Shanghai’s municipal bureau (市政局) of social housing and building will also require developers to produce a certificate ____________ (保证) the quality of their apartments.

  77.Those supplies were __________________ (分配) to the victims of the earthquake in Wenchuan in time.

  78.Martin created the nonprofit Ricky Martin foundation, which _______(倡导) Children’s rights.

  79.Soldiers had _________________ (临时,暂时) closed the border between the two countries.

  80. The villagers decided to devote all they had to _______________ (重建) their homes after the earthquake.

  第五部分:短文语法填空(共 10 小题,每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)

  Printing with Human Cells

  3D printers are taking medicine to a whole new level, called “bioprinting.” Since the early 2000s, doctors and researchers (81)___________(work) to find a way to print living human organs and other pieces of anatomy(骨骼) using 3D printing technology. Currently, patients in need of a new organ have to wait for an organ donor who is a perfect match for them so that their body won’t reject the transplanted organ, and it’s not (82)__________(common)for people to die while (83)___________(wait). However, with 3D printing, the organ would be made with the patient’s own cells, so there’s no chance that it would be rejected. These organ transplants are still a decade away, according to experts in the field, and simpler pieces of anatomy will be ready first, starting with skin, muscle, and bone.

  In the most basic form of 3D printing, a digital blueprint is first made and sent to a printer. Then the printer exudes(渗出) plastic drop-by-drop, layer-by-layer to create the (84)___________(desire) shape. However, this basic 3D printing is done using high temperatures, (85)___________ would kill live cells. Thus the printers used for bioprinting have been reinvented not to require extreme heat. In this special kind of 3D printing, the printer deposits biodegradable, plastic-like materials to form the structure of an organ and water-based gels that contain cells. Those cells anchor onto the structure, and then the organ (86)___________ (transplant) into a body. The body provides it with nutrients and oxygen (87) ___________ the organ tissue generates its own system of blood cells.

  (88)_________ doctors and researchers already have the ability to engineer living tissue and organs, it has always been done manually, which is a laborious process. The advantage of 3D printing is (89)___________ it’s much faster, more precise, and more easily reproducible. One ear, for example, takes only 4-6 hours to print at present.

  Still, there is a lot of work (90)___________(do) in the area of transplanting the printed cells.

  第六部分 任务型阅读(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  请认真阅读下列短文,并根据所读内容在文章后表格中的空格里填入一个最恰当的单词。

  注意:请将答案写在答题卡上相应题号的横线上。每个空格只填1个单词。

  Among the natural creatures that can present a threat to people in rural areas of Mexico, one of the most productive is the scorpion(蝎子). These relatives of spiders kill dozens of people each year and injure thousands more. However, scorpions have become a part of the local culture and tradition.

  In the Durango city main market, scorpions are in evidence at every turn. There are books, key chains and lamps decorated with dead scorpions. There are scorpion images on T-shirts and hats and there are even candies shaped like scorpions. The whole place seems to be filled with the crawling creature.

  In one corner of the market, Chelo Garcia even sells live scorpions. She says she has experienced two scorpion stings(蛰) in the recent years and that nothing happened. She says that if a person has no symptoms of poisoning with 30 minutes of the stinging, it is likely that nothing bad will result. She says some scorpions have little or no poison and so luck plays a big part.

  It is hard to explain why people come to Ms. Garcia’ s store to buy live ones, but she does a good business. She often reaches down through the top of the glass cage to catch one of the scorpions to show her customers. She holds them by the tail, where the barbed stinger(刺针) is located, so that she is safe from attack.

  In the crowded market, many people pass by Ms. Garcia’s store to look at the crawling creatures and to relate their own stories of encounters with the scorpions. One old woman says she nearly died when she was a girl of 18 years old and has been afraid of scorpions ever since. She said her tongue became numb and her throat began to swell shut, common symptoms of the scorpion poison. She says she survived because God protected her.

  Every year in Mexico about 200,000 people are stung by scorpions. The number of annual deaths was nearly 300, till 2015, but a public health campaign and the widespread availability of anti-poison has cut the number of deaths to less than 100 a year. The state of Durango alone accounts for ten percent of all the scorpion stings in Mexico each year.

  While the scorpion may be regarded as disgusting and horrible by many people, it has also become a bit of a local mascot(吉祥物) in Durango. People there seem proud of the fact that their city is known as the “scorpion capital”.

  Scorpions: Part of Local Culture in Mexico

  Introduction While (91) ▲ by scorpions, people in rural areas of Mexico view them as a part of the local culture and tradition.

  The main market of scorpions *Scorpions can be seen almost (92) ▲ , ranging from books to T-shirts and hats.

  *(93) ▲ scorpions are sold in Garcia’s store, who has been stung by scorpions twice in recent years.

  *Garcia often shows scorpions to her customers by holding their tails, because the barbed stinger is (94) ▲ in the scorpion’s tail.

  The situation of scorpions’ stings *(95) ▲ are that if a person feels nothing wrong within 30 minutes of the stinging, he/she will survive.

  *Symptoms of the scorpion poison include a (96) ▲ tongue and a swollen throat. With much attention to public health, people now have easy

  (97) ▲ to anti-poison, so the number of deaths has decreased a lot.

  People’ s

  (98) ▲

  towards scorpions *Though (99) ▲ as disgusting and horrible, the scorpion has become a bit of a local mascot in Durango.

  *People there take (100) ▲ in the fact that their city is known as the “scorpion capital”.

  第七部分 书面表达 (满分25分)

  阅读下面的短文,然后按照要求写一篇150词左右的英语短文。

  Libraries have always been at the heart of the communities they serve. They are accessible and safe spaces,providing access to huge resources of information and knowledge. Libraries have played an important role in helping generations of immigrants, young people, job seekers and readers to learn,stay connected and get ahead in life. Offering access to books, newspaper and, later, computers, they opened up a world of knowledge and ideas for millions of people. The public library transcends national and cultural boundaries — no matter where you are in the world, they are an essential part of creating and maintaining an educated and literate population.

  But today, public libraries are at a turning point. The way we access and consume information has changed dramatically in the 21st century, and this presents major challenges and opportunities for public library systems across the world.

  The advent of new technologies has changed some of our reading habits. But our need for shared, community-centred spaces to find information and connect with others is unlikely to change anytime soon.

  【写作内容】

  1. 用约30个单词概述上述信息的主要内容;

  2. 结合上述信息,简要分析公共图书馆仍受欢迎的主要原因;

  3. 就公共图书馆如何与时倶进,应对新挑战提出你的建议(不少于两点)。

  【写作要求】

  1. 写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

  2. 作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

  3. 不必写标题。

  【评分标准】

  内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

  参考答案

  听力

  1-5 BBAAC 6-10 BACBC 11-15 ACBAC 16-20 CABCA

  单项选择

  21-25 CCBAD 26-30 DBBDB 31-35 BBDBC

  完形填空

  36-40. DBBCA 41-45. CDABD 46-50. ABADC 51-55. BCDBC

  阅读理解

  56-60 CADDB 61-65. ACBAC 66-70. ABCBD

  单词拼写

  71. appreciation 72. entertainment 73. adequate 74.prohibited 75. spirits

  76. guaranteeing 77. allocated 78. advocates 79. temporarily 80. rebuilding

  语法填空

  81. have been working 82. uncommon 83. waiting 84. desired 85. which

  86.is transplanted 87. until 88. Although/Though/While 89. that 90. to be done

  任务型阅读

  91. threatened 92. everywhere 93. Live 94. located/situated

  95. Chances 96. numb 97. access 98. attitudes

  99. regarded/viewed/considered/seen 100. pride

  作文:

  【答案】

  Though challenged by the development of new technologies and e-books, public libraries still play an important role in our life and appeal to increasing numbers of people, especially the young.

  There are several reasons accounting for public libraries surviving the wave of digitalization. To begin with, they are open to all, providing free access to the latest resources and technologies. What’s more, one of the drawbacks of the digital materials is that they’re not always trustworthy while public libraries can offer a large collection of reliable reference books. These practical functions aside, we still need the physical space, where we can fully concentrate on our study without easily getting distracted.

  To better develop public libraries, the government should first give more financial support. Meanwhile, the facilities of the libraries are expected to be updated accordingly and the employees should be professional. Only in this way can libraries meet the needs of various age groups.

  【完形填空】解析

  这是一篇夹叙夹议的文章。这篇文章主要讲了我意外地在庭院中发现一颗神秘植物,后来认出它是一株小向日葵。我搬开了岩石,清理杂草,意外发现向日葵没有从我看到茎开始的地方开始生长。它实际上是在一块大石头下面开始生长的,在下面和周围生长,以便够到太阳。我由此感叹,如果一朵小小的向日葵不让一块大石头挡住它的发展道路,我们也有能力做同样的事情。只要我们努力,我们就能找到方法克服或绕过我们的大障碍,以达到我们的愿望。

  【36题详解】

  考查固定短语。句意:我的妻子、女儿和我九年前搬进了我们的家,我们花了很多时间和精力在院子里使它看起来像今天这样。devoted to致力于,故选D。

  【37题详解】

  考查动词辨析。句意:我们住在一个街角,比街道还高,院子的整个一侧都被专业建造的石墙包围着。A. work工作;B. live生活;C. stay停留;D. play玩,故选B。

  【38题详解】

  考查动词辨析。句意:我们住在一个街角,比街道还高,院子的整个一侧都被专业建造的石墙包围着。A. crowded拥挤;B. surrounded包围;C. prohibited禁止;D. governed管理,故选B。

  【39题详解】

  考查名词辨析。句意:我们尽了最大的努力来利用我们所拥有的,并把这个地区称为我们的“岩石花园”。A. effect影响;B. practice练习;C. use使用;D. operation手术,故选C。

  【40题详解】

  考查名词辨析。句意:每当我们有花或植物的时候,我和我的妻子Denise都会把它们挑出来种在“岩石花园”,只是为了给这个地方增添一些色彩。A. color颜色;B. peace和平;C. credit信用;D. focus焦点,故选A。

  【41题详解】

  考查形容词辨析。句意:我仍然做我所有的院子里的工作,甚至是累人的除草。A. plain简单的;B. bored无聊的;C. tiring累人的;D. initial最初的,故选C。

  【42题详解】

  考查动词短语辨析。句意:穿上护膝后,我担任清除院子里杂草的职位,即使是在岩石花园里。A. holding on坚持;B. taking on呈现;C. bringing on导致;D. putting on穿上,故选D。

  【43题详解】

  考查名词辨析。句意:穿上护膝后,我担任清除院子里杂草的职位,即使是在岩石花园里。A. position职位;B. style风格;C. tissue组织;D. thumb拇指,故选A。

  【44题详解】

  考查名词辨析。根据Weeks passed and ___13___ I made my way back to the mystery plant,可知我发现了一株微小的植物。A. flower花;B. plant植物;C. crop农作物;D. bush灌木,故选B。

  【45题详解】

  考查副词辨析。句意:去年夏天,我走到岩石花园的尽头,发现了一株我不能立即辨认出的小植物。A. suddenly突然地;B. hardly几乎不;C. gradually逐步地;D. instantly立即地,故选D。

  【46题详解】

  考查动词辨析。句意:我知道我没有种它,Denise声称她也没有。 A. claimed声称; B. instructed指示;C. described描述;D. guaranteed保证,故选A。

  【47题详解】

  考查动词短语辨析。句意:我们决定让它继续生长,直到我们弄清楚它是什么。A. turn out证明是;B. figure out弄清楚;C. hold out坚持;D. pick out挑选出,故选B。

  【48题详解】

  考查连词辨析。句意:几个星期之后,当我再一次回到神秘植物身边时,发现它很像一棵向日葵。A. as当…时;B. before在…之前;C. since自信;D. because因为,故选A。

  【49题详解】

  考查形容词辨析。根据looking with a tall thin stalk (茎) and only one head on it.可知它很虚弱。A. pitiful可怜的;B. ugly丑陋的;C. pretty漂亮的;D. weak虚弱的,故选D。

  【50题详解】

  考查动词辨析。根据and weed around it.可知我决定照料它。A. admire羡慕;B. consider考虑;C. attend照料;D. observe观察,故选C。

  【51题详解】

  考查动词辨析。根据I noticed something ___17___.可知我搬开了岩石,清理杂草。A. pushed推;B. removed搬走;C. transported运输;D. conducted管理,故选B。

  【52题详解】

  考查形容词辨析。根据The sunflower had not started where I saw the stalk begin.可知我注意到了一些不同寻常的事情。A. cheerful快乐的;B. unnatural不自然的;C. unusual不寻常的; D. appealing吸引人的,故选C。

  【53题详解】

  考查动词辨析。句意:向日葵没有从我看到茎开始的地方开始生长。它实际上是在一块大石头下面开始生长的,在下面和周围生长,以便够到太阳。A. pulled拉;B. dug挖;C. expanded扩大;D. grown生长,故选D。

  【54题详解】

  考查名词辨析。句意:就在那时,我意识到,如果一朵小小的向日葵不让一块大石头挡住它的发展道路,我们也有能力做同样的事情。A. power力量;B. capability能力;C. energy能量;D. strength力量,故选B。

  【55题详解】

  考查名词辨析。句意:只要我们努力,我们就能找到方法克服或绕过我们的大障碍,以达到我们的愿望。A. conflicts冲突;B. responsibilities责任;C. barriers障碍;D. chances机会,故选C。

  【点睛】完形填空的解题技巧之一就是要根据上下文来学会“推理”出最佳选项。同学们要遵循“上下求索”的原则来查找信息。例如,小题9根据Weeks passed and ___13___ I made my way back to the mystery plant,可知我发现了一株微小的植物。A. flower花;B. plant植物;C. crop农作物;D. bush灌木,故选B。小题14根据looking with a tall thin stalk (茎) and only one head on it.可知它很虚弱。A. pitiful可怜的;B. ugly丑陋的;C. pretty漂亮的;D. weak虚弱的,故选D。

  Passage B【解析】

  本文是一篇议论文。主要讨论了一种生活方式:极简主义,同时介绍了极简主义者追求的主要是精神层面的东西,同时他们也很有环保精神。在现实生活中很多人追求物质财富,反而失去了很多,极简主义让人们反思他们生活中真正重要的东西。

  【61题详解】

  主旨大意题。文章第一段通过介绍Francine Jay的书引出文章讨论的主题:极简主义。这是一种追求简单生活的方式,文章指出这种生活方式越来越流行,并指出背后的原因。故该篇文章的写作目的是探讨极简主义的发展趋势。A项正确。

  【62题详解】

  细节理解题。根据文章第二段“Thanks to a travel﹣inspired revelation (启发), Jay has been happily living a simpler life for 12 years.”"I always packed as lightly as possible, and found it exciting to get by with just a small carry﹣on bag," she told CNN. "I thought if it feels this great to travel lightly, how amazing would it be to live this way? I wanted to have that same feeling of freedom in my everyday life."可知,一次轻装旅游的经历让Francine Jay喜欢上这种极简生活,并一直这样生活下去。故C项正确。

  【63题详解】

  细节理解题。根据第三段“Jay decided to get rid of all her excess (额外的) possessions and live with just the essentials (必需品). "I wanted to spend my time and energy on experiences, rather than things."”可知,极简主义者追求的不是物质,在意的是自己的生活经历,更多的是精神方面的内容。在根据第四段第四句“Minimalists are typically progressive and concerned about the environment”可知,极简主义者关心环境;故B项正确。

  【64题详解】

  词义猜测题。根据文章第三段描述可知,极简主义者想要的是简单的生活,想要的是生活的必需品,多余的东西都要清理掉,结合后面所列举例子:﹣unused items, unnecessary purchases。可以猜测eliminate是“清除“的意思,故选A。

  【65题详解】

  推理判断题。根据倒数第二段"the real questions", according to Duane Elgin,"what do you care about?" and "What do you value?"(“真正的问题”,按照Duane Elgin 所说的,“你在乎什么?”和“你看重什么?”)可推知,Duane Elgin希望极简主义能让人们能够反思他们生活中真正重要的东西。故选C。

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