诸暨中学2018学年第一学期高二年级英语期中考试试题卷
作者: 发布时间:2018-12-26 08:30:29 本文来源于:
  

  2018.11

  第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节(共10个小题;每小题2.5分,满分25分)

  A

  John H. Johnson was born in a black family in Arkansas city in 1918. His father died in an accident when John was six. He was reaching the high school age, but his hometown offered no high school for blacks.

  Fortunately he had a strong-willed caring mother. John remembered that his mother told him many times, “Son, you can be anything you want really to be if you just believe.” She told him not to depend on others, including his mother. “You have to earn success, ” she said. “All the people who work hard don’t succeed, but the only people who do succeed are those who work hard.”

  These words came from a woman with less than a third grade education. She also knew that believing and hard work don’t mean everything. So she worked hard as a cook for two years to save enough to take her son, who was then 15, to Chicago.

  Chicago in 1933 was not the promised land that black southerners were looking for. John’s mother and stepfather could not find work. But here John could go to school, and here he learned the power of words—as an editor of the newspaper and yearbook at Du Sable High School. His wish was to publish a magazine for blacks.

  While others discouraged him, John’s mother offered him more words to live by. “Nothing beats a failure but a try.” She also let him pawn(典当)her furniture to get the $ 500 he needed to start the Negro magazine.

  It is natural that difficulties and failures followed John closely until he became very successful. He always keeps his mother’s words in mind. “Son, failure is not in your vocabulary!”

  Now John H. Johnson is one of the 400 richest people in America—worth $ 150 million.

  1. John’s mother decided to move to Chicago because ________.

  A. his father died when John was very young

  B. life was too hard for them to stay on in their hometown

  C. John needed more education badly

  D. there were no schools for blacks in their hometown

  2. John’s mother ________.

  A. didn’t believe in or depend on others

  B. thought one could be whatever one wanted to be

  C. believed one would succeed without working hard

  D. thought no one could succeed without working hard

  3. The story mainly tells us ________.

  A. how John H. Johnson became successful

  B. about the mental support John’s mother gave him

  C. about the importance of a good education

  D. about the key to success for blacks

  B

  One of America's best-known artist colonies,the MacDowell Colony,will turn 110 next year. It is a place where artists of all types can sweep away distractions (令人分心的事物) and just create.

  MacDowell's operations are funded by foundations, corporations and individuals. Writers, composers, photographers, filmmakers and sculptors—both famous and unknown—compete for the 32 free studios at the place. Once accepted,an artist can stay for as little as a couple of weeks,or as long as a couple of months.

  When they arrive, artists find a kind of isolation(隔绝) hard to find in our world. There’s no phone. No fax. No friends. No family. It' s just a cabin in the snowy woods.

  Writer Emily Raboteau lives in New York City. She came to MacDowell to work on a novel. She received a desk, chairs, pencil and paper---and ice grippers. The walk from one isolated,one­room studio to another is icy, so colony residents (居住的人) fasten the ice grippers to the bottom of their shoes.

  Another colony resident, Belfast composer Elaine Agnew, plays a piece called To a Wild Rose, written by Edward MacDowell. She says it's so famous that every pianist in the world has played the tune. A hundred years ago,MacDowell owned the land where the colony now sits. He liked its isolation and his ability to get work done there. After his death, his wife, Marion, encouraged other artists to come.

  And for the last century, artists have accepted the invitation, coming to step outside of their daily lives for a short time. Privacy is respected, but cooperation and discussion is common.

  Screenwriter Kit Carson---who wrote Texas Chainsaw Massacre 2 and the film adaptation of Sam Shepherd's play Paris, Texas---has visited MacDowell twice. He says that the interdisciplinary(学科间的) discussion there is valuable.

  “You sit around at dinner, talking, and then somebody runs off and brings you back some stuff and shows it to you, ”he says.“That, I didn't realize, was part of the magic here, because people are really open to showing their opinions here.”

  4. What do the colony residents have in common?

  A. They usually stay in the colony for months.

  B. They are already famous in their own field.

  C. They are not disturbed by the outside world.

  D. They find it hard to survive the loneliness.

  5. Why does the author mention Elaine Agnew?

  A. To show the wide range of the residents.

  B. To admire her great musical talent.

  C. To introduce the origin of the colony.

  D. To show respect for MacDowell.

  6. Where does the magic of the MacDowell Colony lie according to Kit Carson?

  A. It values work-play balance.

  B. It has an idea-sharing atmosphere.

  C. It encourages privacy greatly.

  D. It has a homely feel.

  7. What would be the best title for the text?

  A. Happy artists

  B. Wonderland for artists

  C. Power of isolation

  D. Creativity at work

  C

  British shoppers buy 2.15 million tons of clothing and shoes annually, yet UK citizens have an estimated £ 30 billion worth of unused clothing gathering dust at the back of the wardrobe(衣柜).But new technology could see the end of that, with the garments themselves giving owners a gentle reminder of their existence.

  “Smart clothes”could help us clear out our wardrobes by sending messages or tweeting us if they haven't been worn for a good while. If these alerts are ignored, the garments will get in touch with a clothing charity and ask to be reused, with an organization automatically sending out donation information. They could also be programmed to put themselves up for auction(拍卖) on eBay.

  Academics at Birmingham City University are developing the “connected wardrobe” to encourage more suitable clothes consumption(消费). The concept sees garments tagged (给……加标签) using washable contactless technology.

  Mark Brill, senior lecturer at Birmingham City University, said,“Think of the surprise when an owner suddenly receives bids for items that they didn't know were in their wardrobe.” “The connected wardrobe is a practical, pleasant concept to encourage people to think about their clothing consumption. Finally, I hope it will encourage more appropriate fashion consumption,”he added.“Perhaps we can even move away from the idea of ‘ownership’of clothing. When we've worn them enough, the items will pass themselves on to their next keeper.”

  It follows in the footsteps of the “Internet of Things”--- a concept that sees ordinary household items connecting to the Internet in order to share information. From adjusting your alarm clock to monitoring the temperature of your home, the Internet is changing the way we live.

  Now, the “Internet of Clothes” will see that neglected garments will tweet and text the owners “asking” to be worn depending on the weather and frequency of wear. Clothes will keep track of other information such as who owned them previously, as well as how much they originally cost, who made them and how much the worker was paid for them.

  8. What does the underlined words “tweeting us” mean?

  A. getting in touch with us

  B. making short high sound to remind us

  C. giving us information through the Internet

  D. making a call to us

  9. How does Mark Brill find the “connected wardrobe” ?

  A. It helps people buy cheaper clothes.

  B. It changes people’s shopping habits.

  C. It contributes to right consumption attitudes.

  D. It improves people’s consuming confidence.

  10. What can be inferred from the last paragraph?

  A. Weather affects the connected wardrobe.

  B. Clothes are sold online at a low price.

  C. Much information can be found from clothes.

  D. The Internet is a place to share items.

  第二节:任务型阅读(共5个小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Easy Ways to Keep Your Brain Sharp

  Everyone is forgetful, but as we age, we start to feel like our brains are slowing down a bit—and that can be a very annoying thing. 11 Read on for some techniques worth trying.

  12

  People who regularly made plans and looked forward to upcoming events had a 50 percent reduced chance of Alzheimer's disease (早老性痴呆症), according to a recent study. 13 Something as simple as setting a goal to have a weekly coffee date with a friend will do. There's evidence that people who have a purpose in life or who are working on long or short-term goals appear to do better. In other words, keep your brain looking forward.

  Go for a walk

  Mildly raised glucose (葡萄糖) levels can harm the area of the brain that helps you form memories and physical activity can help get blood glucose down to normal levels. In fact, exercise produces chemicals that are good for your brain. 14

  Learn something new

  Take a Spanish class online, join a drawing club, or learn to play cards. A study found that mental stimulation limits the weakening effects of aging on memory and the mind. But the best thing for your brain is when you learn something new and are physically active at the same time. 15 Or go dancing with your friends.

  A. Focus on the future.

  B. This can be especially harmful to the aged.

  C. It should be something like learning gardening.

  D. So take a few minutes each day to think about your future.

  E. But don't worry if your schedule isn't filled with life-changing events.

  F. Luckily, research shows there is a lot you can do to avoid those moments.

  G. In other words, when you take care of your body, you take care of your brain.

  第二部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  Last autumn as I lay on the operating room table after having my kidney stone(肾结石) removed, I began to feel myself slowly regaining my 16 . I could see nothing but darkness. I had a powerful feeling that 17 was with me. I felt my grandmother’s presence with me as if she were still 18 and in this room. In my mind I said, “Grandma, I heard your 19 .” “Kitty, I am right here. It’s OK. Just hold on.” She kept 20 this to me over and over again until I opened my 21 to a kind recovery room nurse.

  I told her that this 22 had happened many times during my anesthesia(麻醉). It seemed as if she had 23 this type of thing before and told me it was all in my 24 . I told her that my grandma 25 stayed with me just now, but she said that was just a side effect of the anesthesia. However, I didn’t think so. I believed that my grandma had been 26 about me, and she may have been helping me come out of the 27 .

  My grandma, who passed away years ago, used to tell us to hold on whenever we were having a hard time. Frequently my husband and I were 28 challenges. We worked late and we often

  29 to make money. The “hold on” I heard in hospital might have 30 meanings. Hold on to hope, hold on to faith and hold on for the future. Things will get better 31 you hold on. Perhaps she was telling me that she would always be there 32 me, and offering encouragement to 33 the darkness. “Hold on” makes us stay 34 facing these challenges. When we

  35 any difficulty, I always think of my grandma saying “Hold on!”

  16. A. eyesight B. emotion C. senses D. strengths

  17 A. anyone B. someone C. everyone D. nobody

  18. A. confused B. content C. lively D. alive

  19. A. voice B. news C. breath D. sound

  20. A. exposing B. focusing C. whispering D. demanding

  21. A. mouth B. heart C. hands D. eyes

  22. A. accident B. experience C. approach D. memory

  23. A. crowded in B. made out C. heard of D. picked out

  24. A. imagination B. movement C. inspiration D. explanation

  25. A. curiously B. indeed C. constantly D. particularly

  26. A. concerned B. upset C. optimistic D. cautious

  27. A. question B. spot C. operation D. scene

  28. A. equipped with B. associated with C. convinced of D. faced with

  29. A. arranged B. struggled C. rejected D. contributed

  30. A. different B. simple C. brief D. good

  31. A. even if B. in case C. as though D. as long as

  32. A. supporting B. informing C. blaming D. astonishing

  33. A. delight B. ignore C. avoid D. fight

  34. A. pessimistic B. negative C. positive D. objective

  35. A. get over B. meet with C. turn down D. break down

  第三部分:翻译填空,或用所给词或词组的正确形式填空(共15题;每小题1分, 满分15分)

  36. The newly published book, which refers to basic English grammar, __________ __________ __________ (intend for ) beginners.

  37. It’s no use __________ __________ (和某人争论) him. He won’t change his mind.

  38. Fortunately, we are studying in classrooms __________ __________ (equip with) air conditioning.

  39. Actually, you can __________ __________ (增强)your health by running every morning.

  40. She cares much about her appearance and is __________ __________(对…挑剔) her clothes.

  41. His humorous acting could always put the audience __________ __________ (舒适; 自在)and they felt more content with their lives.

  42. The new aircraft carrier was put to use to __________ our country __________ (防御; 保卫)possible attacks.

  43. You __________ __________ __________ (很有可能)succeed if you put your heart into whatever you do.

  44. Tom, __________(代表)his class, joined in the sports meeting. .

  45. With his attention __________ __________ (focus on) finding a solution to the problem, he didn’t notice the teacher approaching.

  46. I hope all the students will keep themselves __________ __________ (远离; 不受…影响) tobacco and alcohol.

  47. He __________ __________ (slide into) the classroom through the back door when the teacher turned his back to the students.

  48. The heavy fire __________ __________(切断联系) the whole town from the outside world, ruining almost everything in it.

  49. __________ himself __________ (摆脱) the bad habits has made him a better boy.

  50. ---What do you suppose has made her look so upset?

  --- __________ __________ (misunderstand) by her best friend.

  第四部分 写作(满分40分)

  第一节 应用文写作(满分15分)

  假如你是李华, 你的笔友Eric想了解你校学生毕业后如何处理旧书。请你给他写封回信,介绍你校学生会开展的“绿色离校(Be a Green School-leaver)”旧书回收项目。内容包括:

  1. 回信的目的;

  2. 具体的做法;

  3. 实施的效果。

  注意:

  1. 词数80左右;

  2. 可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。

  第二节 概要写作(满分25分)

  阅读下面短文,根据其内容写一篇60词左右的内容概要。

  Teaching Is “One of the Least Popular Jobs in the UK”

  The UK government has just published a report on the future of secondary school teaching, and the conclusion of the report is that many secondary schools now face great difficulties in finding people who want to be teachers. Since the 1980s, the number of graduates who would “seriously consider” teaching as a career has fallen sharply, from 64% in 1982 to just 17% today. The report suggests that urgent action needs to be taken in order to encourage more intelligent young graduates into teaching.

  The main drawback (缺点) of secondary teaching, according to the report, is the low salary. Earnings in teaching are much lower than in many other jobs. Joanne Manners, 24, is a good example: “I graduated in maths last year, and I was thinking of doing a teacher-training course to become a maths teacher---but I saw I could earn twice as much if I worked in marketing or advertising, so I decided not to become a teacher.”

  It’s not just about the money, however. The survey concluded that another reason why people don’t want to be teachers is that some teenagers behave very badly in school. A lot of schools have problems with discipline, and it seems clear that children do not have the same respect for teachers as in the past. Here’s the view of Dave Hallam, an accountant from London: “I think parents are to blame. They should have stricter rules with their children at home and also teach their children to have more respect for teachers.”

  The report is clear that the problem of teacher shortage is a very serious one. It says that the government should raise teachers’ pay significantly, to catch up with workers in other professions. It also indicates that the government could launch a nationwide publicity campaign, with some advertisements on TV and in the newspapers, to show the positive sides of teaching to young people.

  诸暨中学2018学年第一学期高二年级英语期中考试参考答案

  第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分35分)

  1-3CDB 4-7CCBB 8-10 BCC 11-15 FAEGC

  第二部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  16-20 CBDAC 21-25 DBCAB 26-30 ACDBA 31-35 DADCB

  第三部分 填空(共15题;满分15分)

  36. is intended for 37. arguing with 38. equipped with 39. build up 40. particular over/about

  41. at ease 42. defend(protect) from/against 43. are likely to 44. representing 45. focused on

  46. free from/of 47. slid into 48. cut off 49. Ridding of 50. Being misunderstood

  第四部分 应用文写作 (共15分)

  One possible version

  Dear Eric,

  I’m writing to answer your questions about our ways to deal with used books.

  A book-recycling project, carried out by our school Student Union, calls on senior three students to be a green school-leaver. They are encouraged to donate their books by leaving them in the boxes outside their classrooms, which not only helps deal with their books properly but promotes their awareness of environment protection. Since 2015, the project has been well received for it has greatly cut down waste and spread the idea of green life.

  Best wishes!

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Hua

  第五部分 概要写作 (共25分)

  One possible version

  Secondary schools in UK experienced difficulties taking in young teachers. Firstly, the low pay pushes talented people to business occupations with higher income. Secondly, some kids’ bad behavior and little respect stop young graduates from becoming teachers. Therefore, poorly behaved students need to obey stricter rules and parents need to discipline them at home. Also, government should increase teachers' income and promote a teaching campaign to display teaching's bright side. (70 words)

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