宁阳一中2018级高一上学期期中考试
作者: 发布时间:2018-12-24 10:04:29 本文来源于:
  

  英 语 试 题

  2018年11月

  本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共12页。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。考试结束后,将答题卡和答题纸一并交回。答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号、考试科目填涂在答题卡和答题纸规定的地方。

  第I卷(选择题,共100分)

  第一部分:听力(共两节, 满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题,每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段话对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C 三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. What is probably the woman ?

  A. A doctor B. A taxi driver C. A policewoman

  2. What’s the matter with the woman’s husband

  A. He is having a serious headache.

  B.There is something wrong with his leg.

  C.He was knocked down by an ambulance.

  3. What does the man think of the newest Readers?

  A. Just so-so. B.Wonderful. C. Dull.

  4. How old is Mary now?

  A.Twenty. B.Twenty-eight. C.Thirty.

  5. Where does the conversation probably take place?

  A.In the hospital B.In a supermarket C.In a coffee bar.

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段话或独白。每段对话和独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A,B,C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话和独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟,听完后,各小题将给出5秒时间作答。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6,7题。

  6. How does the girl feel at first?

  A.Nervous. B.Confident? C.Relaxed.

  7. When will the English speech contest start?

  A.At 2:00pm. B.At 3:00pm. C.At 5:00pm.

  听第7段材料,回答第8, 9题。

  8. What does the woman think of the man’s plan for the weekend?

  A. Boring. B.Strange C.Funny.

  9. What is the man’s plan for next weekend?

  A.To finish watching Merlin.

  B.To buy some DVDs.

  C.To have fun outdoors.

  听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。

  10. Why does the man get to the man’s plan for the weekend?

  A.He often takes this bus B.He has a bus schedule C.He is a native

  11. How often does the bus run?

  A.Every 5 minutes B.Every 15 minutes C.Every 10 minutes

  12. Where does the woman want go?

  A.The museum B. The post office C.The bus station

  听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。

  13. Where did the man probably meet David for the first time?

  A.On the street. B.In a bookstore. C.In the police station

  14. How long has the woman known Daisy?

  A. About four years B.About six years C.About eight years

  15. Who is a storywriter?

  A.Tony B.Daisy C.David

  16. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A.Their best friends . B.Their weekend plans C.Their hobbies

  听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。

  17. When is the workers’ busiest time at the wildlife center?

  A.When they receive baby birds or rabbits

  B.When they care for and raise into the wild

  C.After they send animals back into the wild

  18. What is the possible reason for the little birds’ coming to the wildlife center?

  A.Cats or dogs take them away from their nests

  B.People keep them and treat them badly

  C.They themselves fall out of their nests

  19. What would be against the law?

  A.To take away little animals from the center

  B.To throw sick animals from the center

  C.To take live animals out of their nests

  20.What should you do if you find a bird out of the nest?

  A.Take it home and keep it.

  B.Leave it on the ground .

  C.Check whether it is injured first.

  第二部分阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Trip 1 One Week In The Mountains

  Bring your strong shoes and warm clothes for this walk in a beautiful area of the Green

  Mountains. You may go hiking or have a try of rock climbing. This is also a protection area for wild animals. You can find many kinds of animals living in this area.

  Time: May 8-May 14 Tel:64639818 Adult(成年人):$110.00 Child:$55.00

  Trip 2 Three Days In The Country

  There are many beautiful gardens. Take your camera and enjoy the wonderful sight in Hunter Valley. It is a good place for fishing and horse riding. You can also find different kinds of flowers here. This is also a great walk for bird-lovers.

  Time: May 20-May 22 Tel:63986432 Adult:$50.00 Child:$25.00

  Trip 3 Flashlight Adventure

  Put on your warm clothes, bring a flashlight(手电筒),and come for a night walk along the Dungog Valley. It is a trip full of adventure(冒险). A guide will lead the tour. Many of the plants you will see on this trip can only be seen at night.

  Time: May 16-May 18 Tel:63875629 Adult:$30.00 Not for children

  Trip 4 Five Day By The Sea

  Wear your sun hat and enjoy wonderful sunshine all the time from morning to evening. Our hotel is next to the sea. We have our own boats too. You can swim in the sea or in the swimming pool. Every day our boat will take you to different places for swimming.

  Time: May 23-May 27 Tel: 67538293 Adult:$80.00 Child:$40.00

  21. What number may you call if you and your friends want to enjoy the sunshine at the seaside?

  A. 67538293. B. 63986432. C. 64639818. D. 63875629.

  22. Sam wants to stay in Hunter Valley with his wife, his five-year-old daughter and his seven-year-old son. How much will it cost?

  A. $25. B. $50. C. $100. D. $150.

  23. David loves sports. He will take his holiday from May 7 to May 15. What activity will he probably take part in?

  A. Hiking in the mountains. B. Fishing in the country.

  C. Watching plants at night. D. Swimming in the sea.

  24. Lucy is a college student. She is quite interested in science. She wants to know something about the life of plants at night. Which trip will she choose?

  A.Trip 1 B.Trip 2 C.Trip 3 D.Trip 4

  B

  Who is the greatest teacher in Chinese history? Many people would think of Confucius, whose birthday was September 28. Although he lived over 2,000 years ago, people still remember and respect him for his contribution to the education today.

  Confucius lived in the Kingdom of Lu, which lies in Shandong Province. He lived during the Spring and Autumn Period. He had a hard childhood. His father died when he was only 3. His mother brought him up. As a child, he had to work to help his mother, but young Confucius didn’t give up studying. He visited many famous teachers and learned music, history, poetry and sports.

  Later, he became a teacher and started the first public school in Chinese history. At that time only children from noble families could go to school, but Confucius believed everyone should go to school if they wanted to learn. He had about 3,000 students in his lifetime.

  Today, people still follow Confucius’ lessons. He told us that we all have something worthy to be learned. “When I am with three people, one of them must be better than me in some areas. I choose their good qualities and follow them.”

  He also taught us that thinking is very important in study. “All study but no thinking makes people puzzled (困惑的). All thinking but no study makes people lazy.”

  Confucius is not only a great teacher, but also a famous thinker with wise thoughts about the world and society. His most important teachings are about kindness and good manners. “A person should be strict with himself, but be kind to others.” he said.

  25. Today we still remember Confucius mainly because___________.

  A. he lived a poor life in his childhood

  B. he had wise thoughts and great views about education

  C. he traveled with his students from state to state

  D. he lived during the Spring and Autumn Period

  26. The underlined word “noble” in Paragraph 3 has the closest meaning to __________.

  A. poor B. bright C. wealthy D. cute

  27. The correct order of the following statements is __________.

  ① Confucius worked to help his mother as a child.

  ② Confucius educated about 3,000 students in his lifetime.

  ③ Confucius’ father died.

  ④ Confucius started the first public school in Chinese history.

  A. ③①④② B. ②③④① C. ①③②④ D. ④③①②

  28. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?

  A. All study but no thinking makes people puzzled.

  B. No one has something worthy to be learned.

  C. All thinking but no study makes people lazy.

  D. A person should be strict with himself, but be kind to others.[KS5UKS5U.]

  C

  We're surrounded by chemistry in everyday life. Sometimes it is easy to see, like when your science teacher conducts a big experiment in class. At other times, it can be extremely hard to see everyday chemistry at work, but nearly everything you touch or use has some element(元素) of chemistry in it.

  Something as simple as toothpaste contains at least three chemicals, if not more. It is the mixture of them and its chemical reaction that keeps your teeth clean. Other things you use every day are created by chemistry, such as hair products, shampoo and soap. Adding detergent (洗涤剂) to water involves chemistry. Without chemistry, we would never have realized that we need soap to get the oil out of clothes or skin.

  Chemistry not only helps us make products for use, but it also helps us understand the world around us. Chemistry helps us understand what the ozone layer (臭氧层) is and how it protects us. Chemistry also gives us sunscreen to protect us from the sun. Thanks to chemistry, we know bleach (漂白剂) can't be mixed with vinegar, because it can produce poisonous gas. Without chemistry, we wouldn't have had fireworks displays on important days like the Spring Festival.

  Chemistry plays a big role in food preparation. Cooking food causes it to go through a chemical change. That is why cooked food often tastes different from raw (生的) food. Baking is a great example of chemistry. Too much or too little of any ingredient makes a difference to the result of baking, for example, the dough (面团) won't riseor the cake will be flat.

  Chemistry isn't something that just lives in a lab; it's something that you come across hundreds of times every day. If you know how chemistry works, you will have a better understanding of the science behind some of the simplest­looking things.

  29. The following actions are about chemistry EXCEPT ________.

  A. cleaning teeth with toothpaste B. washing hair with hair products

  C. using soap to remove the oil from clothes D. washing your face with water

  30. Which of the following would be the best title for the text?

  A. Chemistry Around the House B. Chemistry in Science

  C. Chemistry for Dinner D. Chemistry in everyday life

  31. Which one is TRUE according to Paragraph 4?

  A. One can't find chemistry when cooking food.

  B. Chemistry plays an important part in food making.

  C. That dough rises has nothing to do with chemistry.

  D. A flat cake is the result of too many ingredients.

  D

  A survey said the average Asian dad spent one minute a day with his children. I was shocked. I mean, a whole minute? Every day? Get real. Once a week maybe. The fact is, many Asian males are terrible at kid-related things. In fact, I am one of them.

  Child-rearing (养育) doesn’t come naturally to guys. My mother knew the names of our teachers, best friends and crushes. My dad was only vaguely aware there were short people sharing the apartment. My mother bought healthy fresh food at the market every day. My dad would only go shopping when there was nothing in the fridge except a jar of butter. Then he’d buy beer. My mother always knew the right questions to ask our teachers. My dad would ask my English teacher if she could get us a discount on school fees. My mother served kid food to kids. My dad added chili sauce to everything, including our baby food.

  The truth is, mothers have superpowers. My son fell off a wall once and hurt himself all over. I demanded someone bring me a computer so I could google what to do. My wife ignored me and did some sort of chanting(咏诵) phrase such as“Mummy kiss it better,” and cured 17 separate injuries in less than 15 seconds.

  Yes, mothers are incredible people, but they are not always correct. Yet honesty forces me to record the fact that mothers only know best 99.99 percent of the time. Here are some famous slip-ups.

  The mother of Bill Gates:“If you’re going to drop out of college and hang out with your stupid friends, don’t come running to me when you find yourself penniless.”The mother of Albert Einstein:“When you grow up, you’ll find that sitting around thinking about the nature of time and space won’t pay the grocery bills.” The mother of George W. Bush: “You’ll never be like your dad, who became President of the United States and started his own war.”

  32. The tone (语气)for the writer to write the passage is ________.

  A. serious. B. humorous. C. disapproving(不赞成的). D. critical(批评的).

  33. In paragraph 2, the writer makes a comparison between mothers and fathers to prove that _____.

  A. females love kids more than males

  B. child-rearing is difficult both for females and males

  C. my dad is not interested in child-rearing

  D. males are not good at child-rearing

  34. What does the underlined word “slip-ups” in paragraph 4 probably mean?.

  A. Stories. B. Shortcomings. C. Mistakes. D. Disadvantages.

  35. The last paragraph is mainly developed by __________.

  A. providing different examples B. following the order of space

  C. making comparisons D. analyzing causes

  第二节 (共5小题,每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。( 注意:E涂AB; F涂AC; G涂AD )

  There’s nothing worse than sitting next to someone whose breath smells bad. In ancient China, people used to eat a special plant to make their breath smell better. 36.________.

  How your breath smells says a lot about your health. Scientists can now tell whether or not somebody has a disease just from a simple breath test.

  37.______Breath is made up of waste chemicals(化学物质)that the body makes, Scientists from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology found that these chemicals are different for each person. In fact, they’re just like fingerprints (指纹)-that's why scientists sometimes call them "breathprints”.

  Compared to other kinds of tests, a breath test is much quicker. 38________.

  Breath tests are also a lot easier to do than regular tests, as people only need to blow into a special machine. 39________. It has been useful in finding early signs of problems such as stomach cancer.

  40.__________. And hopefully some day, visits to the hospital will be a quicker and easier for everyone.

  A. How does it work?

  B. Now we use gum instead

  C. This machine will help to test their breath

  D. Instead of taking hours, it only takes a few minutes

  E. It's much cheaper to do a breath test than other tests

  F. There are many ways to make your breath smell better

  G. Now, scientists are trying to use breath tests as much as they can

  第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Nancy had just got a job as a secretary in a company. Monday was the first day she went to work, so she was very _____41__ and arrived early.

  She ___42___ the door open and found nobody there. “I am the ____43____ to arrive.” She thought and came to her desk. She was surprised to find a bunch of ___44___on it. They were fresh. She___45___ them and they were sweet. She looked around for a ___46___ to put them in. “ Somebody has sent me flowers the very first day!” she thought ___47___. “ But who could it be?” she began to ___48___ .

  The day passed quickly and Nancy did everything with ___49___ interest. For the following days of the __50___ , the first thing Nancy did was to change water for the followers and then ___51___her work.

  Then came another Monday. ___52___she came near her desk she was overjoyed to see a(n) ___53___ bunch of flowers there. She quickly put them in the vase, ___54___ the old ones.

  The same thing happened again the next Monday. Nancy began to think of ways to find out the ___55___.

  On Tuesday afternoon, she was sent to hand in a plan to the___56___. She waited for his directives(命令)at his secretary’s ___57___. She happened to see on the desk a half-opened notebook, which ___58___ : “ In order to keep the secretaries ___59___, the company has decided that every ___60___ a bunch of fresh flowers should be put on each secretary’s desk.”

  Later, she was told that their general manager was a business management psychologist(心理学家).

  41. A. depressed B. encouraged C. excited D. surprised

  42. A. turned B. pushed C. knocked D. forced

  43. A. last B. second C. third D. first

  44. A. keys B. grapes C. flowers D. bananas

  45. A. smelled B. ate C. took D. held

  46. A. vase B. room C. glass D. bottle

  47. A. angrily B. quietly C. strangely D. happily

  48. A. seek B. wonder C. Work D. ask

  49. A. low B. little C. great D. general

  50. A. month B. period C. year D. week

  51. A. set about B. set up C. set out D. set off

  52. A. Unless B. When C. Since D. Before

  53. A. old B. red C. blue D. new

  54. A. covering B. demanding C. replacing D. forbidding

  55. A. sender B. receiver C. secretary D. waiter

  56. A. assistant B. colleague C. employee D. manager

  57. A. notebook B. desk C. office D. house

  58. A. said B. written C. printed D. signed

  59. A. at home B. on time C. in high spirits D. in low spirits

  60. A. Sunday morning B. Monday morning

  C. Monday afternoon D. Tuesday afternoon

  第II卷

  注意事项:

  用0.5毫米黑色笔迹的签字笔将答案写在答题卡上。写在本试卷上无效。

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  UN Chinese Language Day ___61___ (celebrate) yearly on April 20. This year, Doreen Hynd was among those invitees, who are either experts on the Chinese culture ___62___ have a special skill related to it.

  Hynd astonished all those present while performing Tai Chi, ___63___ Chinese martial (武术的) art form, at an event held by the UN Tai Chi Club. The audience could hardly believe she was a 93-year-old grandma. It was definitely amazing that she could bend her body and raise her leg so ___64___ (easy) and keep herself still standing on one leg.

  Hynd owes (归功于) all this to her continuous practice of Tai Chi.

  Born in Australia in 1925, Hynd began Tai Chi training in her 50s and then moved to the US, ___65___ she later became an instructor herself.

  When ___66___ (ask) about the greatest benefit she gained from Tai Chi, Hynd said, “balance.” Hynd has been teaching people of all ages and different ___67___ (culture) backgrounds how to practice Tai Chi. They have benefited greatly from their association with the Chinese culture. They’ve developed a balanced state of mind and improved their health after___68___ (month) of practice. Tai Chi allows these people ___69___(understand) that, from the perspective(视角)of yin and yang, all things are closely connected with each other. This might be where the attraction of Tai Chi ____70____(lie). Hynd enjoys sharing this great gift from China with her students.

  第四部分 写作(共两节 满分35分)

  第一节 单词拼写(共5个小题; 每小题1分, 满分5分)

  根据汉语提示,写出下列单词的正确形式。

  71. I would be g____________ if you could give me some advice.

  72. With more trees being ___________(毁掉),huge quantities of soil are being washed away.

  73. I can't speak English f as I am out of practice.

  74. Don’t let yourself be __________(说服)to buy things you don’t really need.

  75. Under his father's_____________(指导), he learned how to swim.

  第二节 汉译英( 共5 个小题;每小题1分, 满分5分)

  根据提示内容,把下面句子翻译成汉语。

  76. 从他苍白的面容来判断,他可能不舒服。

  ____________________ his pale face, he may not feel well.

  77. 他在执行这个计划方面要起重要的作用。

  He had an important part __________________ carrying out the plan.

  78. 我想知道你第一次去长城是什么时候。(强调句型)

  I wonder ________________you first went to the Great Wall.

  79. 玛丽读了第二遍作文才注意到拼写错误。

  Only after Mary read her composition the second time ______________________

  the spelling mistake.

  80. 老师坚决主张我们的作业独立完成。

  My teacher insisted our homework ________________ alone.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是李华,你的好友李明最近经常和一些朋友去网吧(Netbar),游戏厅(the Game Centre), 有时甚至旷课。请你根据下面的要点给他写一封信进行劝诫:

  1. 朋友在人的一生中起着重要作用

  2. 真正的朋友不会让你去做坏事

  3. 所以我们要明辨是非,慎重交友

  注意:1. 词数100词左右;

  2. 可适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

  宁阳一中2018级高一上学期期中考试

  英语参考答案

  2018年11月

  第一卷

  第一部分:听力(共两节, 满分30分)

  1-5 BABBC 6-10 ACACB 11-15 BAAAB 16-20 ABACC

  第二部分阅读理解

  第一节 21-24 ADAC 25- 28 BCAB 29-31 DDB 32-35 BDCA

  第二节:36-40 BADCG

  【解析】D篇

  本文讲述了男性与女性相比较,不擅长照顾孩子。同时也列举了一些说错了话的母亲的例子。

  32. 推理判断题。根据文章第二段内容,尤其是第二段最后两句My mother served kid food to kids. My dad added chili sauce to everything, including our baby food.作者使用了一种很幽默的口吻在讲述妈妈和爸爸之间的差异。本文的语调并不严厉,也没有批评和反对的语气。另外在文章最后一段讲述了一些名人母亲所说错的话时,也显得很幽默。故B正确。

  33. 推理判断题。根据第一段最后一句The fact is, many Asian males are terrible at kid—related things. In fact, I am one of them.很多亚洲男性对孩子或者与孩子有关的事情都很不擅长,而我也是其中之一。接着在文章第二段中对爸爸妈妈照顾孩子的不同行为进行对比,正是为了证明第一段最后两句的内容:男性不擅长带孩子。故D正确。

  34. 猜测词意题。根据横线前面一句Yet honesty forces me to record the fact that mothers only know best 99.99 percent of the time.妈妈百分之99.99是正确的,还有百分之一是错误的。在最后一段中列举了比尔盖茨的妈妈、爱因斯坦的妈妈、小布什的妈妈对孩子说的话,这些话和最后的事实都相反。说明这些妈妈说的话都是错误的。再次证明“slip-ups”意为“错误”。故C正确。

  35. 写作手法题。作者在最后一段中列举了比尔盖茨的妈妈、爱因斯坦的妈妈、小布什的妈妈对孩子说的话,这些话和最后的事实都相反。说明这些妈妈说的话都是错误的。是通过举例说明的方法组织文章的。故A正确。

  第三部分 英语知识运用

  第一节 完形答案 41-45 CBDCA 46-50 ADBCD 51-55 ABDCA 56-60 DBACB

  第二卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用

  第二节 语法填空:

  61. is celebrated 62. or 63. a 64. easily 65. where

  66. asked 67. cultural 68. months 69. to understand 70. lies

  第四部分 写作(共两节 满分35分)

  第一节 单词拼写(共4个小题; 每小题1分, 满分4分)

  71. grateful 72. destroyed 73. fluently 74. persuaded 75. guidance

  第二节 汉译英( 共 3 个小题;每小题2分, 满分6分)

  76. Judging by/from

  77. to play in

  78. when it was that

  79. did she notice

  80. (should) be finished

  第三节 书面表达(满分25分)

  【参考范文】

  Dear Li Ming,

  I am writing to you because I think I have something really serious to communicate with you.I notice that recently you often go to the Netbar and the Game Centre together with several friends. As your best friend,I am very concerned about you,because sometimes you even do not have classes in order to play. Friends play such an important part in our life that we have to choose our friends carefully. At the same time,we should always remember that true friends will never ask us to do things that will not be good for us.Thus I do not think the friends around you are your true friends and I believe you are smart enough to tell right from wrong.

  I hope you will make a wise decision soon.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

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