宾县第一中学高一学年第三次月考
作者: 发布时间:2018-12-21 09:23:29 本文来源于:
  

  英语试题(2018/12/7)

  满分120分 时间:100分钟

  出题人:陈丹 审题人:彭扬

  第一部分 阅读理解(每小题2分,共40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A, B, C和D)中.选出最佳选项,并在答题卡对应题号上将该项涂黑。

  A

  France has the most beautiful castles (城堡) throughout Europe. Here are some of the best French castles to visit. You’ll surely want to visit one of them during your travels in France. Have a look and enjoy!

  Château de Versailles

  The Château de Versailles is about 20 kms southwest of Paris. When the castle was built, Versailles was a small village. Today, however, it is a famous area in Paris. The castle was built as a small hunting lodge (乡间小屋) for Louis XIII in the 1620s. Years later, he made it bigger. Later, Louis XIV also made it larger, making it one of the largest palaces of the world.

  Château de Chambord

  The Château de Chambord is one of the largest castles around the world. It sits in the Loire Valley. Being at the heart of Europe’s largest enclosed wooded park, Chambord, it was built for King Francis I to serve as a hunting lodge. It is one of the world’s most well-known castles in the world because of its French Renaissance (文艺复兴) building.

  Château de Chenonceau

  As one of the most famous castles in the Loire Valley, the castle was built during the 11th century on the River Cher. It was passed through many hands. The castle was not destroyed during the French Revolution because it was the only bridge across the river for many miles.

  Château de Chantilly

  This historic castle sits in the town of Chantilly, France. This beautiful castle is made up of two buildings: the Petit Château built around 1560 for Anne de Montmorency, and the Grand Château which was destroyed during the French Revolution and rebuilt in the 1870s. There are many interesting pieces of 17th century history concerning (关于) the castle. Every two years a fireworks competition is held in the castle gardens.

  1. What do we know about the Château de Versailles?

  A. It sits in a small village. B. It serves as a hunting place.

  C. It was first built for Louis XIII. D. It was the largest castle in the 1620s.

  2. What makes the Château de Chambord special?

  A. Its long history. B. Its building style.

  C. Its wealthy owner. D. Its important position.

  3. Why did the Château de Chenonceau manage to get through the French Revolution?

  A. It was far from Paris. B. It hid in the Loire Valley.

  C. It played a very important role. D. It was built by a famous French king.

  4. Which castle has a fireworks show every two years?

  A. The Château de Versailles. B. The Château de Chantilly.

  C. The Château de Chambord. D. The Château de Chenonceau.

  B

  Dear Hamilton,

  We are fortunate that in such a large, high-pressure office we all get along so well. You are one of the people who keep the social temperature at such a comfortable setting. I don’t know anyone in the office who is better liked than you.

  You can perhaps help with this. The collection of contributions towards gifts for employees’ personal-life events is becoming a little troubling. Certainly, the group sending of a gift is reasonable now and then. In the past month, however, there have been collections for two baby shower gifts, one wedding shower gift, two wedding gifts, one funeral (葬礼) remembrance, four birthday gifts, and three graduation gifts.

  It’s not only the collected-from who are growing uncomfortable (and poor), but the collected-for feel uneasy receiving gifts from people who don’t know them outside the office, who wouldn’t even recognize their graduating children, their marrying daughters and sons, or their dead relatives.

  This is basically a kind gesture (and one that people think well of you for), but the practice seems to have become too wide-ranging and feels improper in today’s office setting.

  Thank you for understanding.

  5. The underlined word “contributions” probably means __________.

  A. money B. suggestions C. reports  D. understanding

  6. Hamilton is expected to __________.

  A. show more kindness. B. discontinue the present practice

  C. quit being the organizer for gift giving D. know more about co-workers’ families

  7. This is basically a letter of __________.

  A. apology   B. sympathy C. appreciation   D. dissatisfaction

  C

  A new study has found that social media could be affecting the sleep of young adults.

  The study is a project of researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's School of Medicine. They found that young people who often use social media are more likely to suffer from sleep disorders than those who use social media less. The researchers say doctors should ask young adults about their use of social media when treating sleep issues.

  “This is one of the first pieces of evidence that social media use really can influence your sleep.” said Jessica C Levenson. She was the lead author of a report on the study.

  The researchers set out to examine the connection between social media use and sleep among young adults.. Levenson noted that these young adults are possibly the first “generation to grow up with social media. ”

  The researchers wanted to find out how often young people used social media sites like Face book, Twitter, Credit and Tumbler. For the study, they gave questionnaires to nearly 1,800 adults, aged 19 to 32. On average, members of the study group used social media sites one hour a day. They also "visited various social media 30 times per week. ”

  Thirty percent of the study's participants reported having serious problems with sleeping. Those people who used social media a lot were three times more likely to have a sleep disorder. And those who spent the most time on social media were two times as likely to suffer from sleep disturbances.

  Levenson said the number of times a person visits social media is a better predictor of sleep problems than overall time spent on social media. If this is true, she adds, then practices that stop such behaviors may be the most effective.

  8.What's the main idea of the text?

  A. The researchers focus on social media. B. The researchers manage to handle sleep problems

  C. Social media affects sleep. D. Doctors treat young patients.

  9.When treating sleep problems, doctors are advised to________________ .

  A. offer some advice about giving up social media

  B. ask the patients about young adults’ use of social media

  C .give young adults some medicine

  D .ask about the patients' living conditions

  10. How did the researchers mainly carry out the study?

  A. By doing online research. B. By doing questionnaires.

  C. By collecting published data. D. By giving an example.

  11.What can be inferred from the text?

  A. Men are more likely to suffer from a sleep disorder than women.

  B. People often using social media are less likely to have a sleep disorder.

  C. Using computers less helps avoid sleep problems completely.

  D. Sleep problems can be determined by the times of a person visiting social media.

  D

  Rain beat against the window, matching my mood. I should have known that my new job at the hospital was too good to be true. Throughout the day, rumors (传言) warned that the newest employee from each department would be laid off. I was the newest one in the training department.

  My boss appeared. “You probably know we’re cutting back,” he said. “Administration wants us to offer outplacement classes to help those employees find other jobs, showing them how to act in an interview, for example.” “Fine,” I answered unwillingly, not knowing what else to say.

  I decided to go home early that day. In the hall, I met the lady who brought us cookies every Friday. She was a little woman with gray hair. Only her head and the top of her green apron were visible over the cart (小车) loaded with cleaning supplies. At least she had a job!

  At the final meeting, laid-off workers formed a line at the door. A colleague whispered, “I can’t believe our Cookie Lady is being laid off. We’ll miss her as much as we’ll miss her cookies.” When the colleague spoke to her in Spanish, I knew my classes would be useless for her and I realized how much better off was than this poor woman.

  I decided to do something for her. I wrote to a newspaper expressing how I felt about the unselfishness of the Cookie Lady who needed a job. A few days later, my article appeared in the newspaper and the Cookie Lady was allowed to stay in her position. On the same day, I received a letter, which seemed so unlikely that I read it twice. “An editor of a local magazine likes your piece and wants you to call her next time you’re looking for work …”

  12. How did the author feel on that rainy day?

  A. Nervous. B. Excited. C. Happy. D. Proud.

  13. What was the author asked to do?

  A. Take care of patients. B. Leave earlier that day.

  C. Leave the hospital. D. Help the laid-off workers.

  14. How did the author help the Cookie Lady?

  A. He offered her a high-paid job. B. He gave her advice on job hunting.

  C. He made her story known to others. D. He taught her how to pass an interview.

  15. What does the story tell us?

  A. Good deeds have their rewards. B. A friend in need is a friend indeed.

  C. Little people can make a big difference.D. Love brings more joy to people than work does.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Spreading smiles at Birchwood

  When Ava McCarver was in kindergarten, her class visited a nursing home (疗养院). Ava learned that many of the residents (住户) there receive few visitors. 16 “I asked my mom if I could visit them,” she says. Soon, Ava and her mom became volunteers at Birchwood Health Care Center.

  That was six years ago. 17 She enjoys hanging out with Mary, Shirley and other residents during her twice-monthly visits. “I paint their nails, and I talk to a lot of them,” she says. Sometimes she helps lead craft (手工艺) projects. Other times they play card games. “It’s good for the residents to see little kids,” Ava says. “That makes them really happy.”

  18 She has raised money for the nursing home by making refrigerator decorations and selling them at a craft fair. She has also collected used puzzles from garage sales and donated them to Birchwood.

  Ava wrote a book called The Squirrel Family. In the book, two squirrels raise a family and eventually move into a place called Birchwood where they live happily. 19 Ten stores in her city agreed to display the books, along with a can to collect money. Ava’s project raised about $750. Birchwood used that money to buy furniture for the residents.

  Ava says she enjoyed the look of “pure joy” on a resident’s face after a hug from her. That’s why she started visiting Birchwood — to bring happiness to others. 20 “It’s really fun,” she says. “They have good stories, and I enjoy my time there.”

  A. She decided to take action.

  B. But she has gained happiness for herself, too.

  C. Since then, Ava has made many friends at Birchwood.

  D. Ava used her book to raise money for the nursing home.

  E. Birchwood needs more volunteers for its craft project.

  F. Ava has found some creative ways to help her friends at Birchwood.

  G. Ava’s book has achieved a great success and earned a large amount of money for her.

  第二部分 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B, C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡对应题号上将该项涂黑。

  My attitude towards Mrs White, my English teacher, began to change after one afternoon. It was raining heavily and I didn't go to __21__.Then after school was over, I received a call. “Are you all right?” said someone in a quiet voice. Immediately I __22__ that it was Mrs White, I became nervous and prepared to excuse myself for my __23__ from school. “Yes?” I replied, voice trembling.

  She continued, “You see, it was raining cats and dogs. I was __24__ that an accident __25__ have happened on your way to school. __26__ you are OK ...” On hearing her words, I was __27__ and my heart was flooded with __28__ feelings. She was showing her __29__ for me __30__ I had not been nice to her! Why? Was she just acting? Or should I stick to the past misunderstanding?

  Before I had never __31__ how to respect and understand her. I once __32__ the answer she gave to a question, and even asked, “Are you sure? Have you asked other teachers about it?” How embarrassing that must have been __33__ her! Still she explained the point patiently.

  Also, I believed that I could do well in English without a good teacher, which __34__ me to work like a dog. __35__ I was getting on well with it, I became conceited (自负的). But it was her who made me less __36__ teachers.

  The more I thought about it, the more __37_I felt. If she could see past my mistakes, then why couldn't I try to __38_ hers? If a teacher really cares about her students and work, that is enough.

  Now, I am __39__ in class again and I grab (抢) any chance to practice. It was her tolerance (宽容) that removed all the __40__.

  21.A. her lecture  B.her office  C.hospital  D.school

  22.A. hated B.worried C.recognized D.heard

  23.A. absence B.away C.escape D.leave

  24.A. thinking B.doubting C.sorry D.afraid

  25.A. might B.must C.can D.would

  26.A. Now that B.In case C.Only if D.The moment

  27.A. interested B.surprised C.relaxed D.curious

  28.A. mixed B.thankful C.sad D.new

  29.A. politeness B.concern C.nervousness D.happiness

  30.A. so long as B.so far as C.although D.as though

  31.A. realized B.minded C.learned D.considered

  32.A. doubted B.checked C.changed D.corrected

  33.A. for B.with C.of D.on

  34.A. encouraged B.got C.let D.moved

  35.A. Because B.While C.Before D.Then

  36.A. respectful to B.dependent on C.troublesome to D.tolerant of

  37 A. ashamed B.stupid C.upset D.sad

  38.A. fear B.understand C.accept D.clear

  39.A. patient B.happy C.present D.active

  40. A. mistakes B.shortcomings C.complaints D.misunderstandings

  第Ⅱ卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节:语法填空:(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  The Silk Road started in the old capital of the Tang Dynasty which was a centre of 41._________ (political), economy and culture for a long period of ancient China.

  It is an overland trade route connecting Asia, Africa and Europe, which goes over Longshan Mountain,42. ____________ (follow) the Hexi Corridor, reaches Xinjiang, crosses Central Asia and North Africa, and then leads 43. _________ Africa and Europe. It also served as an important trunk road, along 44.___________ economic, political and cultural exchanges between the East and the West took place. In 45.__________ (it) very first beginning, the function of the trade route was to transport fine, elegant and light silk, 46.______________ (stand) for the civilization (文明) of ancient China which enjoyed advanced agriculture and a well –developed handicraft industry.

  Therefore, when the name of “Silk Road” was given to the route for 47. _______ first time by a westerner in 1877, it was 48. __________ (wide) accepted . The World Heritage Committee believes the Silk Road, as a route for communication and dialogue between the East and the West, made a(n) 49. _______________ (importance ) contribution to the common prosperity(繁荣) of humankind over its two thousand 50. ___________ (year) of existence.

  第二节:短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。作文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏子符号(∧)并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Jack was walking in the forest near his village while he smelled smoke and saw a fire that was out of the control. Many trees have already been burned. He looked at the black ground and saw a green snake, that was under a large tree. He knew the snake was in danger. He lifted up the falling tree, put the snake into a bag and ran back to his village. He showed his mother the beautiful snake and begged her to let him keeping it. His mother agreed. He then fed the snake on mice and gave them a large area in their yard to live. The snake lived a very comfortably life. He also invited one of his best friend to feed it. Both of them liked the snake very much.

  第三节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假如你是英国的Mike,你的朋友李华打算到国外留学,他写信询问你什么样的中国学生最受国外高校青睐。请你根据下列要点给对方写一封回信:

  1.语言是道硬门槛; 2. 适应能力很重要;3. 兴趣爱好被看重; 4. 要有社会责任感。(词数100左右;开头和结束语已为你写好,不计入总词数。)

  Dear Li Hua,

  I'm glad to hear that you want to study abroad in your letter.

  Yours,

  Mike

  宾县第一中学第三次月考

  高一英语试题答案

  阅 读: 1--20 CBCB / ABD/ CBBD/ ADCA/ ACFDB

  完型填空21-40 DCADA/ABABC/DAABA/BACDD

  语法填空: politics; follows; to; which ; its; standing;

  the; widely; important; years.

  短文改错(每改对一处得1分;满分10分)

  while----when ; the control 去掉the;have—had ; that---which; falling---fallen; keeping---keep; them---it ; live后加in ; comfortably---comfortable; friend—friends

  短文写作:

  Dear Li Hua,

  I'm glad to hear that you want to study abroad in your letter. Here is what I know about what kind of Chinese students are favored in foreign colleges and universities.

  As far as I know, the language ability is essential, which helps you communicate with others and makes it easier for you to understand the courses. Besides, you should have the ability to adapt quickly to the new environment. What's more, your interest is valued as well, for it has a lot to do with success. Last but not least, those who are willing to shoulder social responsibility are especially respected and welcomed.

  This is some of my advice, and I hope it can be of some help to you. May you succeed! Best wishes and good luck.

  Yours,

  Mike

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