静海区2018-2019学年度第一学期四校联考试卷
作者: 发布时间:2018-12-21 09:19:41 本文来源于:
  

  高三英语试卷

  本试卷分为第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分,共150分,考试用时120分钟。

  第I卷(共115分)

  听 力 部 分

  第一节:听下面五段对话,每段对话后有一个小题。从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你将有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. How much did the pink coat cost?

  A.$35 B. $50 C.$85

  2. What will the woman do next?

  A.Make a telephone call B.Go to her office C.Visit a library

  3. Why is Alex applying for financial aid?

  A.He is out of work

  B.He has lost lots of money

  C.He has to support his little brother

  4. When does the conversation take place?

  A.On Monday B.On Wednesday C. On Friday

  5.What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A strike B. An employee C. A piece of news

  第二节:听下面几段材料,每段材料后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段材料前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段材料读两遍。

  听下面一段对话,回答第6至8三个小题

  6.How will the speakers travel this time?

  A.By plane B. By ship C. By train

  7.what does the man say about the last trip?

  A.The schedule was tight.

  B.It took him too much time.

  C.It gave him a surprising experience.

  8.What will the speakers do tomorrow morning?

  A.Visit Joseph. B.Withdraw some money. C.Buy traveller's cheques.

  听下面一段对话,回答第9至11三个小题

  9. What relation is the woman to Mr. Calington?

  A. His secretary B. His manager C. His wife

  10 Where is Mr. Calington now?

  A. In his office B.Out of town C. In Houston

  11. Why does the man make the telephone call?

  A. To call off a meeting

  B.To know about a trip plan

  C.To change the time of an appointment

  听下面一段独白,回答第12至15四个小题

  12. What could the man probably be?

  A. A writer. B. A zoo keeper. C. A journalist.

  13. What will a defender cat do before a fight?

  A. Lie down its ears flat against its head.

  B. Turn its ears toward the side.

  C. Hold its tail straight up.

  14. What part of a cat’s body shows its feeling the best?

  A. The eyes. B. The tail. C. The legs.

  15. How does a cat try to understand humans?

  A. By listening to their tones.

  B. By watching their gestures.

  C. By watching their eyes.

  第一部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节:单项填空(共15小题:每小题1分,满分15分)

  从 A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  16.----What are you going to do on May Day?

  ----______. If weather permits, I may go mountain-climbing with my friends.

  A. Don’t mention it B. It doesn’t matter

  B. C. Forget it D. It depends

  17.Tony ____ the invitation, otherwise he would have attended your birthday party.

  A. couldn’t have received B. mustn’t have received

  C. needn’t have received D. shouldn’t have received

  18.______ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends.

  A. Competing B. Having completed

  C. To have completed D. To complete

  19.I have made ______ a rule that I buy a copy of English Square every month.

  A. one B. that C. this D. it

  20.It is difficult for us to imagine the beauty of Jiuzhaigou _____ we have been there in person.

  A. when B. if C. unless D. in case

  21.More and more rich people have promised to ____ their wealth after death to help the poor and the disabled.

  A.give away B.give up C.give out D.give off

  22.Don’t worry if you don’t understand everything.The teacher will ______ the main points at the end.

  A. recover B. review C. require D. remember

  23.---Did you have a good time?

  ---No.I felt very ___ when I realized they wanted to be alone together.

  A.awkward B.amazed C.curious D.amused

  24._____ the wet weather, they managed to arrive at the worksite before daybreak.

  A.In spite of B.in case of C.Instead of D.In place of

  25.His letter was so confusing that I could hardly make any ______ of it.

  A. explanation B. meaning C. sense D. guess

  26.Don’t be sad. The most important thing is _____ we must learn from our mistakes and move on.

  A. how B. that C. what D. why

  27. The editor is going to give us a lecture on how to learn English, but the exact time ______ yet.

  A. has decided B. hasn’t been decided

  C. had decided D. hadn’t been decided

  28. My parents _____ in Hong Kong. They were born there and have never lived anywhere else.

  A. live B. lived C. were living D. will live

  29.It was only after a family related conversation I found out she was actually my distant cousin.

  A.that B.when C.which D.who

  30. ________ for the fact that she broke her leg, she might have passed the exam.

  A. Hadn’t it been B. Had it not been

  C. Was it not D. Were it not

  笫三节:完型填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从16-35各题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  My father was a highly educated, intelligent gentleman. He could debate or discuss for hours on almost any topic and hold your 31 in the process. I thought there was nothing he wasn’t 32 to do.

  A few days before my younger brother’s 7th birthday, Dad planned to assemble(装配) a new 33 as a special birthday surprise. After nearly an hour of 34 the instructions, Dad was still unable to 35 the new bike together. Later he 36 the paper of instructions, 37 up his tool box, and decided to take the bike back to the local toy store and pay extra 38 to have it correctly assembled there. 39 an idea came to him, as he called out to Lovett, the quiet little man who cut our grassland.

  “Lovett, have you ever assembled a boy’s bicycle?”

  As Lovett walked towards the bike, Dad handed him the 40 . Lovett handed it back to him, saying, “No, thanks. I can’t read. When you can’t read, you have to 41 .” Less than 15 minutes later, the new bicycle was 42 assembled, with no 43 parts remaining. Dad shook Lovett’s hand, patted him on the back, thanked him, and hid the bike.

  On the night after my brother received his shiny new gift, Dad announced at the family dinner table what had happened several days earlier. He took great 44 in telling it over and over again---he used it as an example of thinking.

  He did not refer to illiteracy(文盲) , but strongly taught us to use our 45 . The joke was on my father, 46 he was able to turn it into a learning tool, and I liked him even more after that incident. I also gained a new 47 for Lovett. To me he had 48 been the old yard man who didn’t 49 much, but after that day, he seemed to smile 50 , even walk taller. It’s amazing what a real nod of approval can do to lift people up.

  31. A. belief B. breath C. view D. attention

  32. A. willing B. able C. lucky D. capable

  33. A. bicycle B. toy C. computer D. boat

  34. A. reviewing B. reading C. examining D. searching

  35. A. bring B. get C. work D. put

  36. A. looked through B. folded up C. turned to D. devoted to

  37. A. brought B. added C. picked D. set

  38. A. effort B. tax C. service D. money

  39. A. Then B. Thus C. Since D. Though

  40. A. tools B. rotes C. instructions D. orders

  41. A. exchange B. think C. learn D. admit

  42. A. partly B. largely C. hardly D. fully

  43. A. separate B. different C. major D. spare

  44. A. care B. action C. delight D. risk

  45. A. resources B. heads C. knowledge D. hands

  46. A. so B. but C. or D. and

  47. A. respect B. reward C. relief D. regard

  48. A. never B. ever C. always D. often

  49. A. say B. show C. care D. earn

  50. A. colder B. weaker C. broader D. grayer

  笫二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2.5分,满分50分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Let’s pay a visit to some of the most amazing and unusual places in the world, from icy hotels to temples on the side of cliffs(悬崖).

  Hotel de Glace — Canada

  If you don’t mind the cold, this igloo(冰屋) style hotel is certainly for you. Nearly everything, including the bedding, is made of ice! This hotel is so well insulated(隔热) that whatever the temperature outside is, the temperature inside never changes more than a few degrees. It’s around 23 degrees to be exact. Since it is made of ice the hotel does have some dress requirements that can be found on their website. Arctic sleeping bags are provided for every guest, including children. For more information, visit the website: http://www.icehotelcanada.com.

  The Tigers Nest Monastery — Bhutan

  Built directly onto a cliff side, this ancient temple has claimed its spot since 1692. Rich in history, Tigers Nest is constructed around eight attractive caves on the mountainside. Most of the caves are easy to reach through the natural rock stairways. However, some are more difficult, and can only be reached by shaky rope bridges. Visit the website http://www.bhutantouroperators.net/taktsang-monastery.php for more information.

  Dinosaur Provincial Park — Canada

  Known to be one the greatest fossil locations in the world, Dinosaur Provincial Park has nearly 500 specimens (标本) in all shapes and sizes. The park itself has a vast collection of fossils and a unique natural ecosystem. For more information, please visit http://tpr.alberta.ca/parks/dinosaur/index.aspx.

  Leshan Giant Buddha — Sichuan China

  The world’s largest Buddha sits on the edge of two great rivers. Construction is believed to have started around the year 713, and at the time of this construction it was the tallest carved statue in the world. All 233 feet of the stature was carved from the surrounding cliffs and preserved in amazing condition. Even the 2008 earthquake was not enough to shake it. Its website http://yeschinatour.com/china-guides/china-attractions leshan-giant-buddha-leshan will provide you with more information.

  51.Which of the following is NOT true about Hotel de Glace?

  A. It lies in the Arctic.

  B. Even the bedding is made of ice.

  C. Every guest is provided with sleeping bags.

  D. You can visit its website for dress requirements.

  52.Which of the following websites can give information about the Tigers Nest?

  A.http://yeschinatour.com/china-guides/china-attractions B.leshan-giant-buddha-leshan B. http://www.icehotelcanada.com

  C. http://tpr.alberta.ca/parks/dinosaur/index.aspx.

  D. http://www.bhutantouroperators.net/taktsang-monastery.php

  53.If John is interested in fossils, he can pay a visit to ______.

  A. Leshan Giant Buddha — Sichuan China B. Hotel de Glace — Canada

  C. The Tigers Nest Monastery — Bhutan

  D. Dinosaur Provincial Park — Canada

  54.This passage is mainly to tell us about ______.

  A. four different constructions in the world B. some popular hotels in Canada

  C. four unusual places in the world D. all kinds of parks in Europe

  55.The passage is probably taken from a magazine on ______.

  A. politics B. environment C. education D. travel

  B

  I carry a Rubik’s Cube (魔方) in my backpack. Solving it quickly is a terrific conversation starter. I usually ask people to try it first. They just turn the cube over in their hands, not even knowing where to begin. That’s exactly what it was like for me to learn how to read. Letters and words were out of order. Nothing made sense because I am dyslexic.

  The Rubik’s Cube has made me believe that sometimes you have to take a few steps back in order to move forward. This was a reflection of my own life when I had to leave public school after the fourth grade. It’s embarrassing to admit, but I still couldn’t always spell my full name correctly. As a fifth-grader at a new school specializing in what’s called “language-processing disorder”, I had to start over. I then spent the next four years learning how to learn and find strategies that allowed me to return to my district’s high school with the ability to communicate my ideas and express my intelligence.

  Now, I can easily solve the 5×5×5. I discover that just before it is solved, a problem can look like a mess, and then suddenly you can find the solution. Early in my Rubik’s career, I became so frustrated that I took the cube apart and rebuilt it. I believe that sometimes you have to look deeper and find answers in unexpected places. The Rubik’s cube taught me that to accomplish something big, it helps to break it down into small pieces. I learned that it’s important to spend a lot of time thinking, to try to find connections and patterns. I believe that there are surprises around the corner.

  Like life itself, the Rubik’s cube can be frustrating puzzle. So everyday I carry a Rubik’s cube in my backpack as a reminder that I can achieve my goals, no matter what obstacles I face.

  56.The author took the Rubik’s Cube apart because ______.

  A. he couldn’t work out how to solve it

  B. he hated it and wanted to destroyed it

  C. he wanted to learn how to rebuild it

  D. he was eager to find the connections

  57.The underlined word “dyslexic” in Paragraph 1 probably means a person who has trouble with ______.

  A. remembering B. reading C. speaking D. listening

  58.Why did the author leave the public school?

  A. He had to take steps back in order to relearn the basic things at another school.

  B. He was so crazy about the Rubik’s Cube that he wanted to solve it first.

  C. His interest shifted to learning how to communicate with other people.

  D. He was afraid to go to the public school because he could not spell his name.

  59.The author carries a Rubik’s Cube in his backpack to ______.

  A. start conversations with strangers B. compete with others

  C. take it apart and rebuild it D. encourage him to succeed

  60.Which would be the best title for the text?

  A. Unforgettable Lessons About Life

  B. Approaches to Solving the Rubik’s Cube

  C. Accomplishing Big Things in Small Stages

  D. Surprises Around the Corner

  C

  From now on, never spend your precious time thinking of reasons for your failures and shortcomings. Instead, realize that the seeds of success were planted within you when you were born. Only you have the power to make those seeds grow.

  The seeds, and the power to grow them, are contained in the most awesome machine ever created:the human mind. Success is a choice and not a chance. You were born a winner. You were born rich. You can be a success if only you make the right choice.

  You cannot be successful without first developing your self-esteem. Your level of self-esteem is always based on the degree of control that you are able to exercise over yourself, and thus over your life. People with low self-esteem are people who do not believe that they have any power, or responsibility for their lives. They are the perennial(长期的) victims and martyrs(殉道者). They are leaves tossed(摇摆) by the winds of chance blown about with any sudden change in the weather.

  You can exercise control over your life only to the degree that you believe that you are responsible for everything that happens in your life. Failures think that everything happens by accident and chance. Successful people realize that they are responsible.

  Everything happens as a result of something. If we can identify the cause, we can control the effect. We are responsible for what we choose to think and believe. One generally rises to the level that one expects. We are responsible for setting our expectations. Our success is dependent upon our level of confidence.

  If you associate with positive-thinking people, you are definitely going to achieve success. On the contrary, the opposite happens. We are responsible for finding, planting, and nurturing the seeds that contain future victory, born from setbacks.

  In short, in all areas of your life, whether they be financial, physical, emotional, or spiritual, you are responsible. Once you recognize this, accept it, and firmly believe it, you are on the road to success.

  61. People with low self-esteem are compared to leaves because they ______.

  A. are ready to change their minds

  B. can’t exercise control over themselves

  C. don’t have the power to face their fate

  D. are easily affected by windy weather

  62. Losers would think that ______.

  A. success is the result of hard work

  B. their failure is only because of bad luck

  C. working hard will lead to success

  D. they don’t make efforts to succeed

  63. It can be inferred from paragraph 5 that ______.

  A. setting our expectations is essential before taking action

  B. developing confidence is the key to future success

  C. thoughts and beliefs are the result of creative mind

  D. whether we will succeed depends on our attitudes

  64. The last paragraph serves as ______.

  A. the proof of the author’s points

  B. an introduction to another topic

  C. the conclusion of the argument

  D. a comparison between two views

  65. Which is the best title for the text?

  A. Develop our confidence. B. The secrets of success.

  C. Success is a choice. D. How to achieve success.

  D

  Young sunflowers turn and swing every day. New findings add to evidence that the plants are animal-like. Harmer, a professor in the University of California at Davis’ Department of Plant Biology, carried out a series of experiments on sunflowers in the field, in pots outdoors and in indoor growth chambers.

  By staking plants so that they could not move, Harmer showed that he could destroy their ability to track the sun. He also noticed that sunflowers prevented from moving were not as tough and leafy as those that were free to move. When plants were moved indoor with a settled overhead light, they continued to swing back and forth for a few days.

  The indoor plants did start tracking the “sun” again when the apparent source of lighting was moved across the room. The plants could reliably track the movement and return at night when the artificial day was close to a 24-hour cycle, but not when it was closer to 30 hours.

  When sunflowers track the sun, the east sides of their stems grew more rapidly than the west sides. At night, the west sides grew faster as the stem swung the other way. The team identified a number of genes that were expressed at higher levels on the sunward side of the plant during the day, or on the other side at night. A plant growth-regulating hormone, called auxin, appears to be a key driver.

  The “dance” to the sun cycle obviously slows when the sunflower matures and its flowers open up. At that point, the plants stop moving during the day and settle down facing the sun in the east.

  “Bees like warm flowers.” Harmer said, adding that the bees are cold-blooded, so landing on a warm flower saves them energy and perhaps feels really good.

  “The morning warmth changes the flowers in a way to make them more appealing to insects, perhaps causing them to release more attractive scents earlier in the day.” he said. “We’re currently testing this idea.”

  66. Why did Harmer do the experiment on sunflowers?

  A. To see how sunflowers grow up.

  B. To show what sunflowers’ genes are.

  C. To study why sunflowers track the sun.

  D. To check if sunflowers swing in cloudy days.

  67. What does the underlined word “staking”(Par 3) probably mean in ?

  A. Tracking. B. Fastening. C. Preserving. D. Presenting.

  68. What is the result of sunflowers being stopped from moving?

  A. They won’t grow well.

  B. They will grow faster than usual.

  C. They won’t swing back though set free.

  D. They will produce a number of new genes.

  69. What would happen to the sunflowers if they became fully grown?

  A. They would swing as usual.

  B. They would move back and forth.

  C. They would stop turning.

  D. They would track the sun.

  70. Bees are fond of dancing ______________.

  A. on cold sunflowers B. in the circle of flowers

  C. on warm sunflowers D. on the mature sunflowers

  第II卷(共35分)

  第三部分:写作

  第一节:阅读表达(共5个小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  阅读短文,并按照题目要求用英语回答问题。

  What will people die of 100 years from now? If you think that is a simple question, you have not been paying attention to the revolution that is taking place in bio-technology. With the help of new medicine, the human body will last a very long time. Death will come mainly from accidents, murder and war. Today’s leading killers, such as heart disease, cancer, and aging itself, will become distant memories.

  In discussion of technological changes, the Internet gets most of the attention these days. But the change in medicine can be the real technological event of our times. How long can humans live? Human brains were known to decide the final death. Cells are the basic units of all living things, and until recently, scientists were sure that the life of cells could not go much beyond 120 years because the basic materials of cell, such as those of brain cells, would not last forever. But the upper limits will be broken by new medicine. Sometimes between 2050 and 2100, medicine will have advanced to the point at which every 10 years or so, people will be able to take medicine to repair their organs (The medicine, made up of the basic building materials of life, will build new brain cells, heart cells, and so on—in much the same way our bodies make new skin cells to take the place of old ones).

  It is exciting to imagine that the advance in technology may be changing the most basic condition of human existence, but many technical problems still must be cleared up on the way to this wonderful future.

  71. What are the present major killers according to the writer? (No more than 10 words)

  ____________________________________________________________________________.

  72. What does the underlined word in the 1st paragraph “revolution” mean? (No more than 5 words)

  ____________________________________________________________________________.

  73. How can human live longer in the future? (No more than 10 words)

  ____________________________________________________________________________.

  74. Why are scientists sure that the life of cells can not go much beyond 120 years?(No more than 20 words)

  ____________________________________________________________________________.

  75. If human can live longer in the future, do you think it is bad or good for the society?(No more than 20 words)

  ____________________________________________________________________________.

  第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是李华,你的一位美国朋友Jane在中国学习中文两年,即将回国,你们准备为她举办欢送会。请根据以下内容,给她写一封不少于100字的e-mail:

  【写作内容】

  1.祝贺她顺利通过考试,她的学习进步很大,为她骄傲;

  2.感谢她帮助你们学习英语;

  3.邀请她参加欢送会,并告知欢送会相关事宜。

  1)时间:星期六晚六点;

  2)地点:阳光俱乐部(The Sun Club)302房间;

  3)路线:在她所住宾馆门口乘坐332路公共汽车可直达。

  *参考词汇:欢送会 farewell party

  e-mail的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总字数。

  Dear Jane,

  Congratulations on your passing all the exams.---------------------------- __________________________________________________________________________________

  _____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  四校联考英语试卷答案

  一.听力:(1-5题每题1分,6-15题每题1.5分,共20分)

  1-5 BACBC 6-10 BACAB 11-15 CAABC

  二.单选(每题1分,共15分)

  16-20 DADDC 21-25 ABAAC 26-30 BBAAB

  三.完形填空(每题1.5分,共30分)

  31-35 DBABD 36-40BCDAC

  41-45BDDCB 46-50 BACAC

  四.阅读理解(每题2.5分,共50分)

  51-55 ADDCD 56-60 ABADC

  61-65 BBDCC 66-70 CBACC

  五.阅读表达(每题2分,共10分)

  71. Heart disease, cancer, and aging.

  72. Great change.

  73. People can take new medicine to repair human organs. / By taking medicine to repair human organs.

  74. Because the basic materials of cells, such as those of brain cells, would not last forever.

  75. I think it is bad for the society because the earth can’t support the increasing population.(open)

  六.书面表达(25分)

  One possible version

  Dear Jane,

  Congratulations on your passing all the exams. I am delighted you have really made great progress in your two years of studying in China. We are proud of you and we all appreciate your help with our English.

  It’s a pity that you have to go back soon, so a farewell party for you will be held in Room 302 in the Sun Club at 6:00 pm this Saturday evening. We sincerely hope you will come and I’m sure we will have a good time together. By the way, you may take Bus No. 332 in front of your hotel and it will take you directly to the club.

  I wish you success and fulfillment in the years ahead.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  评分标准:

  1. 本题总分为25分,按5个档次给分。

  2.评分时,先根据文章的内容和语言初步确定其所属档次,然后以该档次的要求来衡量,确定或调整档次,最后给分。

  3.词数少于80和多于120的,从总分中减去2分。

  4.评分时,应注意的主要内容为:内容要点、应用词汇和语法结构的数量和准确性、上下文的连贯性。

  5.拼写与标点符号是语言准确性的一个方面,评分时,应视其对交际的影响程度予以考虑。英、美拼写汉词汇用法均可接受。

  6.如书写较差,以至影响交际,将分数降低一个档次。

  第五档(很好):(21-25分)

  完全完成了试题规定的任务

  (1)覆盖所有内容要点

  (2)应用了较多的语法结构和词汇,

  (3)语法结构或词汇方面有些许错误,但为尽力使用较复杂结构或较高级词汇所致;具备较强的语言运用能力,

  (4)有效地使用了语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑完全达到了预期的写作目的

  第四档(好):(16-20分)

  完全完成了试题规定的任务

  (1)虽漏掉1、2个次重点,但覆盖所有主要内容

  (2)应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求

  (3)语法结构或词汇方面应用基本准确,些许错误主要是因尝试较复杂语法结构或词汇所致

  (4)应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文结构紧凑达到了预期的写作目的

  第三档(适当):(11-15分)

  基本完成了试题规定的任务

  (1)虽漏掉一些内容,但覆盖所有主要内容

  (2)应用的语法结构和词汇能满足任务的要求

  (3)有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,但不影响理解

  (4)应用简单的语句间的连接成分,使全文内容连贯整体而言,基本达到了预期的写作目的

  第二档(较差):(6-10分)

  未恰当完成试题规定的任务

  (1)漏掉或未描述清楚一些主要内容,写了一些无关内容

  (2)语法结构单调、词汇项目有限

  (3)有一些语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响了对写作内容的理解

  (4)较少使用语句间的连接成分,内容缺少连贯性信息未能清楚地传达给读者

  第一档(差):(1-5分)

  未完成试题规定的任务

  (1)明显遗漏主要内容,写了一些无关内容,原因可能是未理解试题要求

  (2)语法结构单调、词汇项目有限

  (3)较多语法结构或词汇方面的错误,影响对写作内容的理解

  (4)缺乏语句间的连接成分,内容不连贯信息未能传达给读者。

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