济钢高中2016级高三上学期第三次考试
作者: 发布时间:2018-12-19 08:49:08 本文来源于:
  

  英语试卷 2018.12

  注意事项:

  1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。

  2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节 (共5小题;每小题l.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。 听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  例: How much is the shirt?

  A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9.18. C. £ 9.15.

  答案是 C。

  1. What time is it now?

  A. 9:10. B. 9:50. C.10:00.

  2. What does the woman think of the weather?

  A. It’s nice. B. It’s warm. C. It’s cold.

  3. What will the man do?

  A. Attend a meeting. B. Give a lecture. C. Leave his office.

  4. What is the woman’s opinion about the course?

  A. Too hard. B. Worth taking. C. Very easy.

  5. What does the woman want the man to do?

  A. Speak louder. B. Apologize to her. C. Turn off the radio.

  第二节 (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。 每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后, 各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. How long did Michael stay in China?

  A. Five days. B. One week. C. Two weeks.

  7. Where did Michael go last year?

  A. Russia. B. Norway. C. India.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. What food does Sally like?

  A. Chicken. B. Fish. C. Eggs.

  9. What are the speakers going to do?

  A. Cook dinner. B. Go shopping. C. Order dishes.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. Where are the speakers?

  A. In a hospital. B. In the office. C. At home.

  11. When is the report due?

  A. Thursday. B. Friday. C. Next Monday.

  12. What does George suggest Stephanie do with the report?

  A. Improve it. B. Hand it in later. C. Leave it with him.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

  A. Salesperson and customer. B. Homeowner and cleaner. C. Husband and wife.

  14. What kind of apartment do the speakers prefer?

  A. One with two bedrooms. B. One without furniture. C. One near market.

  15. How much rent should one pay for the one-bedroom apartment?

  A. $350. B. $400. C. $415.

  16. Where is the apartment the speakers would like to see?

  A. On Lake Street. B. On Market Street. C. On South Street.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. What percentage of the world’s tea exports go to Britain?

  A. Almost 15%. B. About 30%. C. Over 40%.

  18. Why do tea tasters taste tea with milk?

  A. Most British people drink tea that way.

  B. Tea tastes much better with milk.

  C. Tea with milk is healthy.

  19. Who suggests a price for each tea?

  A. Tea tasters. B. Tea exporters. C. Tea companies.

  20. What is the speaker talking about?

  A. The life of tea tasters. B. Afternoon tea in Britain. C. The London Tea Trade Centre.

  第二部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30 分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  It may seem hard to leave Sydney’s attractions and sights, but when the urge arises to explore beyond the city, many exceptional day trips await travelers.

  Scenic World

  On a visit to the World heritage-listed Blue Mountains, enjoy clean fresh air and breath-taking landscapes of ancient rainforests. Scenic World in Katoomba is the best way to access the beauty of this region. Besides climbing, you can choose cablecars, elevated boardwalks or the Scenic Railway—the world’s steepest train travelling through a rock tunnel, to reach the mountain top.

  Royal National Park

  Established in 1879, the Royal is the world’s second-oldest national park. Located an hour’s drive south of Sydney, the beaches are unspoilt, crowd-free and great for surfing or swimming. There’s dramatic scenery along the way with a range of unique heritage attractions. Bushwalking, boating, canoeing and fishing are also popular activities.

  Featherdale Wildlife Park

  Located 45 minutes west of Sydney, Featherdale has the world’s largest collection of Australian native birds, mammals and reptiles. Situated in a bushland environment, Featherdale provides a unique opportunity for up-close animal interactions . Hand-feed a kangaroo, have breakfast with a koala and check out a huge variety of species including dingos, emus, penguins and more.

  The Hawkesbury River

  An hour north-west of Sydney, the Hawkesbury is one of New South Wales’ best-kept secrets. Experience what this picturesque region of waterways, farmland and national parks has to offer—from waterskiing and bushwalking to horse riding, river cruises and retail therapy.a

  21. What can you do when visiting Scenic World?

  A. Ride horses. B. Hand-feed a kangaroo.

  C. Go surfing. D. Climb mountains.

  22. If you are an animal lover, you can go to .

  A. Scenic World B. Royal National Park

  C. The Hawkesbury River D. Featherdale Wildlife Park

  23. What do Royal National Park and The Hawkesbury River have in common?

  A. Both can be reached by cablecars.

  B. Visitors can go swimming and fishing.

  C. Bushwalking is available on the two trips.

  D. Visitors can enjoy beautiful mountain scenery

  B

  On November 7, Lewis Pugh completed a one-kilometer swim in the freezing waters of King Edward Cove, off South Georgia in Antarctica. He was wearing only his swimming glasses, cap and Speedos!

  Pugh is an advocate for our oceans and seas, working to protect these ecosystem with their large diversity of marine life. When asked why he doesn’t wear a wetsuit, Lewis says, “I ask world leaders to do everything they can to protect our oceans. Sometimes the steps they need to take are difficult and unpopular. If I’m asking them to be courageous, I must also be. Swimming in a wetsuit would not send the right message.”

  It took Pugh about 19 minutes to complete the one-kilometer swim in Antarctica where the water averaged about 1.6 degrees Celsius . He says that his body can only tolerate about 20 minutes in the freezing waters before it starts shutting down. As he swims, his body temperature steadily drops, which in turn causes his muscle control to drop, slowing him down. When he is done with his swim, his support team rushes him to a hot shower and it takes almost an hour for his body temperature to return to normal.

  Doctors and Pugh caution that one must receive months of training to swim in such cold waters. Even expert swimmers who are unused to freezing water can drown within minutes because of the physical shock experienced by the body. Pugh says he trained for six months before this swim.

  This is not the first time that Lewis has swum in dangerous conditions. In 2007, he swam one kilometer in the North Pole to draw attention to the melting Arctic ice due to climate change. In 2015, he swam in the Bay of Whales in Antarctica’s Ross Sea as part of his successful campaign to help set up a marine reserve there.

  24. Why did Lewis Pugh swim without a wetsuit?

  A. To swim faster. B. To show his bravery.

  C. To build up his body. D. To win public attention.

  25. What does the underlined word “it” in Paragraph 3 refer to?

  A. His body. B. The water.

  C. His body temperature. D. The water temperature.

  26. What’s Pugh’s advice about swimming in freezing waters?

  A. One must be fully prepared.

  B. One should be expert at swimming.

  C. One should be ready to take on challenges.

  D. One must be used to long-distance swimming.

  27. What may be the best title for the text?

  A. Lewis Pugh: swimming for a cause

  B. How to survive a swim in cold waters

  C. How to prepare for extreme swimming

  D. Lewis Pugh: achieving the impossible

  C

  For environmental reasons, Britain will ban all new petro-and diesel-powered vehicles from its roads beginning in 23 years, a government report says.

  The plan, expected Wednesday, aims to start removing petrol and diesel engines in 2040. It follows a similar official statement in France and comes after the British government was ordered by the High Court to develop new plans to reduce NO2 in the air. Judges ruled that previous clean-air plans were not enough to meet European Union pollution limits in the coming years.

  Britain’s government has said the poor air quality has an unnecessary and avoidable negative effect on citizens’ health, and costs up to $ 3.5 billion in annual lost productivity.

  Part of the new plan involves an offer of $ 260 million to local governments to change rules where vehicle emissions(排放) are over EU standards. Ideas so far include changing road layouts, reprogramming traffic lights and charging a fee for the oldest and most polluting cars on the road.

  The plan also includes $1.3 billion for government purchase of extreme-low-emission vehicles, nearly $ 130 million to improve infrastructure for electric vehicle charging stations and $ 378 million for remodeling existing vehicles.

  Climate change is also a reason for the plan to get these vehicles off the road. “We can’t carry on with petrol and diesel cars,” Environment Secretary Michael Gove said. “It’s important we all prepare for a significant change which deals not just with the problems of health caused by emissions, but the broader problems caused in terms of accelerating climate change.”

  Gove added that local communities are partly responsible for coming up with ways to limit emissions, including possible limitations on commuters(上下班往返者) and the addition of cleaner mass transportation options. Local leaders are called on to draw up “appropriate plans” to deal with climate challenges related to emission, he said.

  28. Why does the British government decide on this ban?

  A. To focus on its citizens’ health. B. To follow in France’s footsteps.

  C. To promote solar energy in transport. D. To respond to the court’s request.

  29. Which measure may the British government take to achieve its plan?

  A. Changing the way roads are arranged. B. Removing old and high-emission vehicles.

  C. Spending some money on electric vehicles. D. Limiting the number of traffic lights.

  30. What can be inferred from Gove’s words?

  A. Convenient public transportation is badly needed.

  B. United efforts are required to achieve the plan.

  C. Vehicle emissions are the key factor in climate change.

  D. Petrol and diesel cars may hold back economic progress.

  31. What is the suitable title for this passage?

  A. Practical ways to reduce vehicle emissions

  B. Britain plans to take petrol and diesel engines off roads

  C. The EU forces Britain to improve the poor air quality

  D. Relationship between vehicle emissions and climate change

  D

  Skeptics are strange a lot. Some of them to admit the serious of human activities to the environment and they are tired of people who disagree with them. Those people, say skeptics, nothing but bad news about the environment. The "eco- " brought on by the news about our planet gives rise to the popularity of skeptics as people search for more comforting worldviews.

  Perhaps that explains why a new book by Bjorn Lomborg received so much publicity. That book, The Skeptical , declares that it measures the "real state of the world" as fine. Of course, another explanation is the deep pockets some of big businesses with special interests. Indeed, Mr. Lomborg's views are similar to those of some industry-funded organizations, which start huge activities through the to confuse the public about issues like global warming.

  So it was strange to see Mr. Lomborg's book go largely in the though his beliefs were to most scientific opinions. One national newspaper in Canada ran a number of articles and reviews full of words of praise, even with the that "After Lomborg, the environmental movement will begin to down."

  Such one-sided views should have immediately been challenged. But only a different review appeared in Nature, a respected science magazine with specific readership. The review remarked that Mr. Lomborg's " for unexamined materials is ".

  A eye is , and the should present information in such a way that could allow people to make decisions. Unfortunately, that is often inaccessible as blocked by the desire to be shocking or to some special interest. People might become half-blind before a world exhibited by the media. That's a shame, because matters concerning the health of the are far too important to be treated lightly.

  32.According to the passage, which of the following may be regarded as "skeptics"?

  A. People who agree on the of "eco- ".

  B. People who the harmful effect of human activities.

  C. People who the serious situation of our .

  D. People who comforting news to our .

  33. Which of the following can be a reason for the popularity of Lomborg's books?

  A. The book challenges views about the fine state of the world.

  B. Some big businesses to protect their own interests.

  C. The author convinces people to speak comforting worldviews.

  D. Industry–funded present information.

  34. The author mentioned the review in Nature in order to_________.

  A. find with Lomborg's book B. voice a different opinion

  C. the of the media D. point out the value of scientific views

  35. What is the author's main purpose in writing the passage?

  A. To show the importance of presenting information by the .

  B. To warn the public of the danger of half– with reviews.

  C. To the 's lack of responsibility in information.

  D. To the skeptics to have a eye.

  第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Stage Fright

  Imagine that you are an actor performing in a play for the first time. You have learned all your lines and you know where to walk on stage. Waiting behind the closed curtain, you can hear the audience whispering and taking their seats.

  Then your big moment arrives! The curtain goes up, and the crowd falls silent. All you can see is the spotlight shining down on you. 36 The inside of your mouth is dry, and your hands are wet.

  If you have experienced a moment like this, you know all too well what it means to have stage fright. It is one of the most common types of fear and tends to strike people when they find themselves at the center of attention. 37 People experience this fear when playing sports, giving a presentation, or even speaking in class. A person who suffers from stage fright may get sweaty hands, a dry mouth, a tight throat, or shaky knees. Stage fright is actually a form of panic, and these feelings are very real.

  38 The experience differs from person to person, but the same chemical process occurs in each of us. In reaction to anxiety, our bodies produce a chemical that prepares us to either fight or run away quickly. Scientists refer to this as our bodies' "fight or flight" reaction. As a result, we feel great energy that makes our hands sweat, our hearts race, and our knees shake.

  39 Practicing your performance and following some simple tips can help calm nerves and manage the feelings caused by anxiety. First, dress comfortably and appropriately. Second, before the performance, take deep breaths and stretch to help relax your body. Third, stay away from drinks that contain caffeine. 40 Instead, try a banana! Some doctors believe that eating a banana can help calm your heart and the rest of your body. Finally, when you look into a crowd, try to focus on particular people instead of the whole group. These tips have helped many people learn to deal with their fears.a

  A. These might make your heart race even faster.

  B. You don't have to be onstage to get stage fright.

  C. Stage fright is part of the body's reaction to stress.

  D. You try to speak your lines, but nothing seems to come out.

  E. With practice, we can learn how to relax while playing sports.

  F. The good news about stage fright is that here are ways to deal with it.

  G. However, there is a time when stage fright prevents you from stepping onstage.

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Every act of kindness starts with something small, something we all can—and should—do every single day. I'm Will Ruhio, one of the 41 of BYUTV's Random Acts show. We take hidden cameras to unexpected places to 42 random acts of kindness. We've filmed acts 43 from building disabled-friendly facilities for those who are badly 44 them but can't afford them to returning a lost wallet.

  On Random Acts, it may be a neighbor or a colleague who recognizes a need and 45 an incredible chain reaction of service. 46 the story of Emmalene Meyers for example. Like many young girls, Emmalene was 47 to be a ballet dancer but her physical disability makes even everyday tasks a(n) 48 . Instead of seeing a limitation, Emmalene's friend Lily 49 an opportunity. Lily imagined Emmalene's dream being brought to life onstage and persuaded Random Acts to help make her plan 50 .

  So, where can you start? The key is to be like Lily: look for an opportunity to make a 51 to those in need, and then take action to make it happen. Being 52 and involved in service is 53 like any other goal you want to achieve. You have to 54 it.

  After two seasons of hosting Random Acts, the joy of 55 burdens and brightening lives doesn't fade. I sometimes 56 Random Acts might lose its feature eventually, but that couldn't be further from the 57 .When I finally meet the people we've been working to 58 and see their genuine shock and appreciation, it 59 me in the feel every time. I cry more than anyone else on the show.

  Be that person doing acts of kindness out of the 60 of your heart and be the nice you want to see in the world!a

  41.A .actors B. directors C. viewers D. hosts

  42. A. expose B. conduct C. arrange D. advocate

  43 A changing B. counting C. ranging D. transforming

  44.A in search of B. in need of C. in defense of D. in favor of

  45.A.sets off B. sets aside C. sets down D. sets out

  46.A.Retell B. Take C. Create D. Explain

  47.A.anxious B. proud C. afraid D. unwilling

  48.A.exception B. dilemma C. competition D. challenge

  49.A.provided B. seized C. spotted D. missed

  50.A. successful B. acceptable C. reasonable D. available

  51. A. choice B. difference C. promise D. decision

  52.A. generous B. caring C. ambitious D. sociable

  53. A. never B. even C. still D. just

  54.A. put up with B. make up for C. work at D. take to

  55.A. bearing B. carrying C. reducing D. overcoming

  56.A. admit B. realize C. remember D. assume

  57.A.truth B. deadline C. destination D. boundary

  58.A accompany B. surprise C. locate D. please

  59.A. refreshes B. inspires C. hits D. satisfies

  60.A. goodness B. curiosity C. faith D. whisper

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Apart from the mental relief of people’s mind, another major aspect of Taoist influence on Chinese culture 61.(be) its influence on martial arts.

  Wudang martial arts based on the Taoist ideology62. (create) by one of the most famous Taoists, 63.(name) Zhang Sanfeng in the early years of the Ming Dynasty. Wudang martial arts are a great contribution 64. Wudang Taoism, which is 65. famous branch of Chinese Taoism. Taoism holds that there are basic, everlasting and supernatural principles in the earth 66. are called “Tao”, suggesting softness,67.(quiet), emptiness and harmony. All these can be presented by tai chi, yin and yang, the five elements and the eight diagrams tactics(八卦图). Under the direction of these philosophical 68. (theory), this kung fu style gains good effects in the boxing and sword skills.

  Despite the mighty skills, 69.(advocate) peace is the essence of Wudang martial arts. The Taoist ideology teaches that war is immoral and 70.(fair). Accordingly, Taoism believes that kung fu is learned for protection but not destruction.

  第四部分 写作(共两节 满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Mr Li is my head teacher. He is now in his thirty and has been teaching in almost ten years. He has much knowledges and his teaching method is scientific. That he teaches us in class leaves a deep impression on us . All of us have learned a lot. Not only he strict but also he is kind and patiently. We often make mistakes, and he seldom blames us and just gave his encouragement to us. With his help , we have made a great progress. As a result, he is popular with our students. We all love him.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是李华,你的美国朋友Jonah得知你即将到美国旅游。他来信询问你是否方便帮他买点中国特产,请你根据以下要点给他写一封回信。

  1. 表示愿意;

  2. 介绍特产(茶叶、丝绸等);

  3. 询问要求(种类、数量、预算等)。

  注意:1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头和结尾已为你写好, 但不计入总词数。

  参考词汇:特产local special products

  Dear Jonah,

  I’m glad to know you are interested in Chinese local special products, ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Looking forward to meeting you in the USA.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

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