2018学年度上学期第一次段考高二级英语科试题
作者: 发布时间:2018-10-26 08:51:46 本文来源于:
  

  命题人:黄宁 李春燕

  本试卷共8页,满分150分,考试时间120分钟

  注意事项:

  1、答题前,考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔将自己的姓名,试室号和考号填写在答题卡上。用2B铅笔在答题卡上将相应的考号信息点涂黑。

  2、选择题每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案,答案答在试题卷上无效。

  3、非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答,答案必须写在答卷上各题目指定区域内相应位置上;如需改动,先划掉原来的答案,然后再写上新的答案;不准使用铅笔和涂改液.不按以上要求作答的答案无效。

  4、考试结束后,将答题卡和答卷交回。

  第一部分 听力(共10分)

  第一节 听力理解(共6小题,每小题1分,满分6分)

  材料及问题播放两遍。每段后有两个小题,各段播放前有5秒钟的阅题时间。请根据各段播放内容及其相关小题的问题,在5秒钟内从题中所给的A、B、C项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  听第一段材料,回答第1-2题。材料读两遍。

  1. Question 1:(录音)

  A. On his nose. B. Above the mirror. C. In the bathroom.

  2. Question 2:(录音)

  A. His phone. B. His wallet. C. His fishing line.

  听第二段材料,回答第3-4题。材料读两遍。

  3. Question 3:(录音)

  A. It is located in the Northern Pacific Ocean.

  B. It was formed from volcanic activity.

  C. It is the highest island in French Polynesia.

  4. Question 4:(录音)

  A. English B. Tahitian. C. French.

  听第三段材料,回答第5-6题。材料读两遍。

  5. Question 5:(录音)

  A. On June 15 B. On July 18. C. On July 19.

  6. Question 6:(录音)

  A. Changing a home phone plan.

  B. Paying for his phone bill.

  C. Getting more money back.

  第二节 回答问题(共4小题,每小题1分,满分4分)

  听下面一段材料,然后回答问题。材料及问题读两遍。

  7. Question Seven (录音):

  _________________________________

  8. Question Eight (录音):

  _________________________________

  9. Question Nine (录音):

  _________________________________

  10. Question Ten (录音):

  _________________________________

  第二部分 阅读(共两节,满分34分)

  第一节 阅读理解(共12小题;每小题2分,满分24分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  People from East Asia tend to have more difficulty than those from Europe in distinguishing facial expressions — and a new report published online in Current Biology explains why.

  Rachael Jack, University of Glasgow researcher, said that rather than scanning evenly(均匀的) across a face as Westerners do, Easterners fix their attention on the eyes.

  “We show that Easterners and Westerners look at different face features to read facial expressions,” Jack said. “Westerners look at the eyes and the mouth in equal measure, whereas Easterners favor the eyes and neglect (忽略) the mouth.”

  According to Jack and her colleagues, the discovery shows that human communication of emotion is more complex than previously believed. As a result, facial expressions that had been considered universally recognizable cannot be used to reliably convey emotion in cross-cultural situations.

  The researchers studied cultural differences in the recognition of facial expressions by recording the eye movements of 13 Western Caucasian and 13 East Asian people while they observed pictures of expressive faces and put them into categories: happy, sad, surprised, fearful, disgusted, angry, or neutral. They compared how accurately participants read those facial expressions using their particular eye movement strategies.

  It turned out that Easterners focused much greater attention on the eyes and made significantly more errors than Westerners did. “The cultural difference in eye movements that they show is probably a reflection of cultural difference in facial expressions,” Jack said. “Our data suggest that whereas Westerners use the whole face to convey emotion, Easterners use the eyes more and mouth less.”

  In short, the data show that facial expressions are not universal signals of human emotion. From here on, examining how cultural factors have diversified these basic social skills will help our understanding of human emotion. Otherwise, when it comes to communicating emotions across cultures, Easterners and Westerners will find themselves lost in translation.

  11. The discovery shows that Westerners .

  A. pay equal attention to the eyes and the mouth

  B. consider facial expressions universally reliable

  C. observe the eyes and the mouth in different ways

  D. have more difficulty in recognizing facial expressions

  12. What were the people asked to do in the study?

  A. To make a face at each other. B. To get their faces impressive.

  C. To classify some face pictures. D. To observe the researchers’ faces.

  13. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 6 refer to?

  A. The participants in the study.

  B. The researchers of the study.

  C. The errors made during the study.

  D. The data collected from the study.

  14. In comparison with Westerners, Easterners are likely to .

  A. do translation more successfully

  B. study the mouth more frequently

  C. examine the eyes more attentively

  D. read facial expressions more correctly

  B

  He may not have an "S" across his chest but this dog is most certainly a hero.

  Harley, who was rescued from a puppy mill four years ago, was named the American Humane Association's 2015 American Hero Dog. Harley, who is missing an eye and has other medical issues from his time at the mill, is now a "spokes-dog" against puppy mills. He serves as the adorable furry face of the "Harley to the Rescue" campaign, which raises funds for the National Dog Mill Rescue, according to a press release.

  The pup was rescued back in 2011 and adopted by Rudi and her husband, Dan. "It was just four years ago that he was pulled from the cage in the puppy mill and left to die," Harley's owner, Rudi, said during the awards show at the Beverly Hilton Hotel in Los Angeles this past weekend, according to Today. com. "We never would have ever thought he would live this long and make such a difference for so many puppies."

  The dog was one of eight finalists up for the American Hero Dog and was chosen as the winner through public votes. The finalists all won $ 1,500 to be donated to one of American Humane Association’s charity partners, with Harley receiving another $ 5 ,000 to go toward his charity partner, New Leash On Life.

  According to the release, Harley spent 10 years at the puppy mill, and endured rough treatment there, which led to his many medical issues. He lost his eye as a result of his cage being power-washed with him inside.

  The dog isn't just the face of his campaign, he also goes on rescue missions and makes public appearances at events and schools to raise awareness for puppy mills.

  This incredible work is all due to the dog’s fighting spirit. That spirit is allowing him now to be the voice for dogs who cannot speak for themselves and give everybody hope that tomorrow's going to be a better day.

  15. How did the "Harley to the Rescue" campaign function?

  A. By saving dogs from a puppy mill.

  B. By operating the American Humane Association.

  C. By collecting money for the National Dog Mill Rescue.

  D. By giving endangered dogs-enough medical treatment.

  16. What was the author’s attitude to the puppy mill according to the text?

  A. Unsatisfied. B. Sympathetic. C. Doubtful. D. Tolerant.

  17. Why was Harley blind in one eye?

  A. She was born with it. B. Her owner treated her roughly.

  C. It was caused by a medical issue. D. She was washed heavily in a cage.

  18. What can we know about the dog from the text?

  A. It would be given to New Leash On Life.

  B. It was kept by Rudi's family.

  C. It would be taken away by its puppy mill.

  D. It returned to the National Dog Mill Rescue.

  C

  Like people, plants experience stress. And also, like people, the response to that stress can determine success.

  Bad environmental conditions, such as drought, flood, heat and other stresses, affect yields (产量) more than crop pests and diseases. We are trying to find a way to equip plants with the ability to tolerate environmental stress and maintain high yields, said Stephen Howell, a professor of genetics and cell biology.

  Plant cells produce proteins (蛋白质) and ship them to different parts of the cell. Under normal conditions, these proteins are folded into their normal, healthy structures as they are produced. When a plant is under stress, its cells produce poorly folded or unfolded proteins. Then a built-in system senses this and “sets off an alarm in the cell,” said Howell.

  In response to the alarm, another protein (IRE1) starts working and creates a different process which activates (激活) the stress response genes whose products bring about defensive measures that help the plant survive.

  “As it turns out, responses that are activated under stress conditions actually inhibit the growth of plants,” said Howell. “This allows them to preserve their energy to survive the stress conditions.”

  For plants in the wild, this response is a help for survival, he said. In production of agriculture crops, however, this response reduces yields.

  “You don’t want crop plants to stop growing,” Howell said. “You want them to continue to grow and produce even though they are under stress.”

  With the new understanding of this stress response, the next step may be to silence the alarm system, said Howell. “What may be important is to disable some of these stress responses. That may make the plant more productive under stress conditions.”

  19. According to the text, what causes an alarm in the plant cells?

  A. The folded proteins. B. The changed proteins.

  C. The defensive measures. D. The stress response genes.

  20. What does the energy preserved in the plants under stress conditions do?

  A. It helps the plants to survive. B. It helps to maintain high yields.

  C. It keeps the plants growing. D. It helps to produce proteins.

  21. Which word is closest to the meaning of the underlined word “inhibit” in Paragraph 5?

  A. Prevent. B. Start. C. Continue. D. Promote.

  22. How does Howell intend to make crop plants maintain high yields under stress conditions?

  A. By making crop plants keep more energy. B. By making crop plants stop growing.

  C. By making the alarm system stop working. D. By making the alarm system respond quickly.

  第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Four simple ways to stay positive

  Trying to stay positive, both in good times and bad, is a great way to improve your quality of life. Try these four methods on a daily basis.

  1. Don’t think a lot about negativity.

  Of course, staying positive 24 hours a day, seven days a week is a bit difficult. Letting things get to you is normal, and it’s actually healthy to cry or express frustrations once in a while.

  It’s when those negative moments control your life that your emotional balance is at risk. __23__ However, don’t give that sadness another second in your day.

  2. __24__

  What you put into your body directly affects how you feel on the outside. Fill yourself with good, healthy foods like fruits and vegetables and limit snacking. Exercise is equally of great importance. Take a few days out of your week for at least half an hour of activity, and try to stick to a routine. __25__

  3. Be kind to others.

  __26__ Making someone’s day a bit brighter not only puts a smile on his or her face, but also yours as well. Remember to smile and treat each person with pity and respect. Good deeds are contagious (传染的) , and your positive attitude may spread among others.

  4. Take it one day at a time.

  Being positive isn’t an instant thing. It’s a steady effort that we follow every hour of every day. __27__ Instead, focus on living in the moment and doing what you can to make each moment better.

  A. Eat healthily and stay fit.

  B. Take your lunch breaks outside.

  C. Don’t worry about what the future may bring.

  D. Gratitude helps you appreciate life in bad times.

  E. Take a few minutes to feel sad and accept what happened.

  F. Good feelings come from acts of kindness and selflessness.

  G. Even going outside for a walk and enjoying the sunshine improves your mood.

  第三部分 语言知识及应用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Last spring, I was fortunate to be chosen to participate in an exchange study program. In my application letter, I was careful to __28__ how much I wanted to see France; obviously, my excitement really came through in my words. Once I __29__ that I was going, all I could think about was the fun of foreign travel and making all sorts of new and __30__ friends. While traveling was inspiring and meeting people was __31__,nothing about my term in France was what I __32__.

  The moment I arrived in Paris, I was __33__ by a nice French couple who would become my host parents. My entire experience was joyous and exciting __34__ I received some shocking news from my program coordinator (协调人):there had been a death in my host parents' extended family. They had to travel outside France for several weeks. That afternoon, I had to __35__ out of one family's house and into another. The exchange coordinator told me I'd have a __36__ this time and asked whether I could share a bedroom with an English speaker. To avoid the temptation (诱惑) to __37__ my native language, I asked not to be __38__ with an English­speaking roommate. When I got to my new room, I __39__ myself to my new roommate Paolo, a Brazilian(巴西人) the same age as I, whom I was surprised to find playing one of my favorite CDs! In just a few hours, we knew we'd be good friends for the rest of the __40__.

  I left France with many __41__, so when people ask me what my favorite part of the trip was, they are always __42__ to hear me talk about my Brazilian friend Paolo and the scores of weekdays in class, weeknights on the town, and weekends __43__ France we enjoyed together. I love how people __44__ seem so different, but end up being so __45__. The most valuable lesson I gained from studying in France wasn't just to respect the French people __46__ to respect all people, for your next best friend could be just a continent away. I would recommend an exchange program to anyone who wants to experience foreign cultures and gain meaningful __47__.

  28.A. discuss B. express C. announce D. argue

  29.A. approved B. knew C. warned D. denied

  30.A. stubborn B. anxious C. worried D. interesting

  31.A. boring B. upsetting C. exciting D. promising

  32.A. expected B. liked C. doubted D. feared

  33.A. talked B. seen C. greeted D. supported

  34.A. until B. when C. since D. while

  35.A. move B. travel C. walk D. rush

  36.A. housekeeper B. leader C. roommate D. colleague

  37.A. learn B. appreciate C. master D. speak

  38.A. combined B. fitted C. involved D. placed

  39.A. added B. introduced C. devoted D. adapted

  40.A. term B. week C. month D. vacation

  41.A. presents B. suitcases C. stories D. dreams

  42.A. surprised B. disturbed C. embarrassed D. concerned

  43.A. analyzing B. exploring C. describing D. investigating

  44.A. need B. shall C. must D. can

  45.A. generous B. independent C. similar D. distant

  46.A. and B. but C. or D.so

  47.A. instructions B. friendships C. facts D. data

  第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5 分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Once there was a wise landowner who had two sons. After a few years, the landowner fell ill badly. So he considered __48__ (select) one of them to rule the family according to their abilities. He called both of them and gave each one a room. He said,“You must fill your room completely with anything you wish. It can be anything! But there should not be any space __49__ (leave) behind and you should not seek advice __50__ others! "

  The next day, the landowner visited the __51__ (old) son's room. The room was completely filled with hay (干草). The landowner sighed on the __52__ (foolish) of the son. Then he went to the room given to the younger son. But it __53__ (keep) closed. The landowner knocked at the door. The younger son asked __54__ (he) father to get in and closed the door again. It was darkness everywhere and the landowner shouted at his son __55__ (angry). But the younger son lighted a candle __56__ said, “I have filled this room with light! Now the landowner felt very happy and hugged his son proudly. He understood that the younger would be the right person __57__ (rule) the family.

  第四部分 词汇与句型结构(共26分)

  第一节 词汇基础(共11小题;每题1分,满分11分)

  根据下列各句句意及所给单词的首字母、汉语提示或英文释义,写出该单词的正确形式。请在答案卷上写出完整的单词。

  58. The two sisters are very much alike. I always get c_______ about them.

  59. She always o_______ her success to good luck.

  60. People are used to a_______ China with the Great Wall.

  61. S_______ people always care only about themselves and not about other people.

  62. It’s bad_______ (礼貌) to spit in the public places.

  63. History can be _______ (宽恕) but not forgotten. History should not repeat!

  64. We still keep the tradition of________ (交换) gifts at Christmas.

  65. He fell off a big tree yesterday and his left leg was badly ________ (伤害).

  66. The first time I got in touch with the ________ (an Australian animal that carries its baby in a special pocket of skin), I felt in love with it.

  67. You’ll solve the problem if you_______ ( focus attention) on it.

  68. The smell of ________ (delicious,yummy) dishes came from the kitchen.

  第二节 句型结构(共10小题;每小题1.5分, 满分15分)

  阅读下列各小题,根据括号所给的中文和英文提示完成句子。并将正确答案写在答题卷的相应位置。

  69. Yesterday he______ ______ ______(道歉) to her for what he had done. (make)

  70. The result is______ ______ ( 和…相反 ) my expectation. (to)

  71. The song ______ ______ ______(对......来说熟悉) me. (to)

  72. I think this book really ______ ______(值得一看). (deserve)

  73. You should get up early to______ ______ ______ (避免迟到) for work. (avoid)

  74. I’ll______ ______(开车去接) my uncle at the airport at 5:00 this afternoon. (up)

  75. I wonder if you could ______ me ______ ______ (搭......一程). (lift)

  76. They stood there, ______ ______ (盯着看)each other. (at)

  77. Their risky experiment _________ __________ _________(以失败告终)last night. (in)

  78. The policeman was persuaded into giving up______ the student______(指控) theft. (of)

  第五部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  As we all know, travelling can be an excited experience. Let me give you some advices that

  you have to pay attention. You can find out more about your destination by surf the Internet

  before you set out. You needn’t take too many cash. Though it can be very convenient to pay in

  cash, using cheques are much more trustworthy. In addition, it will be wise of you to take a

  umbrella in case of it should rain. And if you are to travel abroad, you’d better understand the

  cultural diversity. Keep this in mind that being polite in foreign countries can help you had a

  wonderful trip.

  笫二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是晨光中学的学生会主席李华。一批来自英国的高中生与你校学生开展了为期两周的交流项目。现在,他们即将回国,你将在欢送会上致辞。请根据以下提示写一篇发言稿。

  1. 回顾双方的交流项目(如学习、生活、文艺等方面);

  2. 谈谈收获;

  3. 表达祝愿。

  Dear friends,

  How time flies!

  _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ Thank you!

  佛山一中2018学年度上学期第一次段考高二级英语科试题

  参考答案

  第一部分 听力(共10小题,每小题1分)

  第一节 听力理解(共6小题,每小题1分,满分6分)

  1-6 ABBCBC

  第二节 回答问题(共4小题,每小题1分,满分4分)

  7. Because he is blind. 8. Six. 9. Using his sense of smell. 10.Confident.

  第二部分 阅读(共17小题,每小题2分)

  第一节 阅读理解(共12小题;每小题2分,满分24分)

  11 -14 ACAC 15-18 CADB 19 -22 BAAC

  第二节(共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

  23 -27 EAGFC

  第三部分 语言知识及应用(共45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题,每小题1.5分)

  28-32 BBDCA 33-37 CAACD 38-42 DBACA 43-47 BDCBB

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题,每小题1.5分)

  48. selecting 49. left 50. from 51. older/elder 52. foolishness

  53. was kept 54. his 55. angrily 56. and 57. to rule

  第四部分 词汇与句型结构(共26分)

  第一节 词汇基础(共11小题;每题1分,满分11分)

  58.confused 59.owes 60.associating 61.selfish

  62.manners 63.forgiven 64.exchanging 65.injured

  66.kangaroo 67.concentrate 68.tasty

  第二节 句型结构(共5小题,每小题2分)

  69.made an apology 70.contrary to 71. is familiar to 72. deserves reading

  73. avoid being late 74. pick up 75. give a lift 76. staring at

  77. ended in failure 78. accusing of

  第五部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  As we all know, travelling can be an excited experience. Let me give you some advices that

  exciting advice

  you have to pay attention∧. You can find out more about your destination by surf the Internet

  to surfing

  before you set out. You needn’t take too many cash. Though it can be very convenient to pay in

  much

  cash, using cheques are much more trustworthy. In addition, it will be wise of you to take a

  is an

  umbrella in case of it should rain. And if you are to travel abroad, you’d better understand the

  去掉of

  cultural diversity. Keep this in mind that being polite in foreign countries can help you had a wonderful trip. it have

  笫二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  (Version 1)

  Dear friends,

  I am Li Hua, president of the Students’ Union. It’s my great privilege to be here, sharing this moment with our fellow friends from the United States. During the three-week activities, we surely exchanged our ideas on learning, sports and cultures. One of the highlights was the sports meeting where we competed with each other in the basketball match.

  The past three weeks witnessed our growth and our friendship. It is not only your enthusiasm but also your teamwork and good spirits that impress us deeply. After the precious exchange activity, we now have a better understanding of each other on a whole new level.

  Now I sincerely hope that our friendship will last forever. Wish you all the best.

  Thank you!

  (Version 2)

  Dear friends,

  How time flies! It has been 2 weeks since we had you stay with us. As chairman of the Student Union, it’s my great honor to give a speech here, recalling the sweet and happy moments we spent together.

  During the past 2 weeks, we have studied in the same classroom and worked out a lot of academic problems. Also, we have put on so many wonderful shows, impressing all the teachers and students. Furthermore, we have been involved in various interesting activities, like learning to make Chinese dumplings, playing British cricket and so on.

  Undoubtedly, this exchange program is a fruitful success, through which we gain a better understanding of British and Chinese cultures. In addition, our friendship has been greatly strengthened.

  Hard though it is to say goodbye to friends, I do wish you a safe journey back to England and may our friendship last forever!

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