唐山一中2018-2019学年度第一学期第一次月考
作者: 发布时间:2018-10-24 08:33:29 本文来源于:
  

  高二年级 英语试卷

  命题人:吴国华 梁士红 安秀谊 审核人:李红娜

  说明:

  1.考试时间120分钟,满分150分。2.将卷Ⅰ答案用2B铅笔涂在答题卡上,卷Ⅱ用黑色钢笔答在答题纸上。3.Ⅱ卷卷头和答题卡均填涂本次考试的考号,不要误填学号,答题卡占后5位。

  第I卷(90分)

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分20分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1分,满分5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. When is the meeting?

  A. On Thursday. B. On Friday. C. On Saturday.

  2. What did the girl do last night?

  A. She had a talk. B. She watched TV. C. She did her homework.

  3. What can we know about the man?

  A. He likes singing. B. He likes challenges. C. He likes music.

  4. What does the woman learn in college?

  A. Learning communication.

  B. Computer science.

  C. International trade.

  5. How long is the swimming pool open today?

  A. 10 hours. B. 11 hours. C. 12 hours.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1分,满分15分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. What’s wrong with the man?

  A. He has a headache. B. He has a toothache. C. He has a stomachache.

  7. When can the man see the doctor?

  A. The day after tomorrow.

  B. Tomorrow afternoon.

  C. This afternoon.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. How does the woman feel at first?

  A. Happy. B. Nervous. C. Angry.

  9. Where will the woman meet Jack this afternoon?

  A. In the square. B. At the restaurant. C. At the park.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. When did the man take the photo on the wall?

  A. Last week. B. Last month. C. Last year.

  11. What are the man’s photos mostly about?

  A. Flowers and trees. B. Rivers and beaches. C. Smiling faces.

  12. What will the speakers do next?

  A. Play badminton. B. Play basketball. C. Take some photos.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. Where did the man go yesterday?

  A. The National Zoo. B. The Beihai Park. C. The Forbidden City.

  14. What did the man do yesterday afternoon?

  A. He went for a walk. B. He rode a horse. C. He took some photos.

  15. What did the man do in that bar?

  A. He sang a song. B. He had a dance. C. He made some friends.

  16. Why did the woman call the man?

  A. To borrow his bike.

  B. To give his book back.

  C. To have some coffee with him.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. What’s the winners’ key to success?

  A. Stopping blaming others.

  B. Working very hard.

  C. Being happy.

  18. What will the winners do if their cars broke down?

  A. Call for help. B. Be angry at the car. C. Have a rest.

  19. What should you do to deal with an irresponsible colleague?

  A. Shout at him. B. Work with others. C. Tell him to be responsible.

  20. What do the winners take problems as?

  A. Blocks on the way.

  B. Excuses for their failures.

  C. Chances for self-development.

  第二部分:阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Choose Your One-Day Tours!

  Tour A—Bath & Stonehenge including entrance fees to the ancient Roman bathrooms and Stonehenge—£37 until 26 March and£39 thereafter.

  Visit the city with over 2,000 years of history and Bath Abbey, the Royal Crescent and the Costume Museum. Stonehenge is one of the world’s most famous prehistoric monuments dating back over 5,000 years.

  Tour B—Oxford & Stratford including entrance fees to the University St Mary’s Church Tower and Anne Hathaway’s house—£32 until 12 March and£36 thereafter.

  Oxford: Includes a guided tour of England’s oldest university city and colleges. Look over the “city of dreaming spires(尖顶)” from St Mary’s Church Tower. Stratford: Includes a guided tour exploring much of the Shakespeare wonder.

  Tour C—Windsor Castle & Hampton Court including entrance fees to Hampton Court Palace—£34 until 11 March and£37 thereafter.

  Includes a guided tour of Windsor and Hampton Court, HenryⅧ’s favourite palace. Free time to visit Windsor Castle (entrance fees not included). With 500 years of history, Hampton Court was once the home of four Kings and one Queen. Now this former royal palace is open to the public as a major tourist attraction. Visit the palace and its various historic gardens, which include the famous maze(迷宫) where it is easy to get lost!

  Tour D—Cambridge including entrance fees to the Tower of Saint Mary the Great—£33until 18 March and£37 thereafter.

  Includes a guided tour of Cambridge, the famous university town, and the gardens of the 18th century.

  21. Which tour will you choose if you want to see England’s oldest university city?

  A. Tour A. B. Tour B. C. Tour C. D. Tour D.

  22. Which of the following tours charges the lowest fee on 17 March?

  A. Windsor Castle & Hampton Court.

  B. Oxford & Stratford.

  C. Bath &Stonehenge.

  D. Cambridge.

  23. Why is Hampton Court a major tourist attraction?

  A. It used to be the home of royal families.

  B. It used to be a well-known maze.

  C. It is the oldest palace in Britain.

  D. It is a world-famous castle.

  B

  Welcome to your future life!

  You get up in the morning and look into the mirror. Your face is firm and young-looking. In 2035, medical technology is better than ever. Many people your age could live to be 150, so at 40, you’re not old at all. And your parents just had an anti-aging (抗衰老的) treatment. Now, all three of you look the same age!

  You say to your shirt, “Turn red.” It changes from blue to red. In 2035, “smart clothes” contain particles (粒子) much smaller than the cells in your body. The particles can be programmed to change clothes’ color or pattern.

  You walk into the kitchen. You pick up the milk, but a voice says, “You shouldn’t drink that!” Your fridge has read the chip (芯片) that contains information about the milk, and it knows the milk is old. In 2035, every article of food in the grocery store has such a chip.

  It’s time to go to work. In 2035, cars drive themselves. Just tell your “smart car” where to go. On the way, you can call a friend using your jacket sleeve. Such “smart technology” is all around you.

  So will all these things come true? “For new technology to succeed,” says scientist Andrew Zolli, “it has to be so much better that it replaces what we have already.” The Internet is one example. What will be the next?

  24. We can learn from the text that in the future ________.

  A . people will never get old

  B. everyone will look the same

  C. red will be the most popular color

  D. clothes will be able to change their pattern

  25. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4?

  A. Milk will be harmful to health.

  B. More drinks will be available for sale.

  C. Food in the grocery store will carry electronic information.

  D. Milk in the grocery store will stay fresh much longer.

  26. Which of the following is mentioned in the text?

  A. Nothing can replace the Internet.

  B. Fridges will know what people need.

  C. Jacket sleeves can be used as a guide.

  D. Cars will be able to drive automatically.

  27. What is the text mainly about?

  A. Food and clothing in 2035.

  B. Future technology in everyday life.

  C. Medical treatments of the future.

  D. The reason for the success of new technology.

  C

  George Gershwin, born in 1898, was one of America’s greatest composers. He published his first song when he was eighteen years old. During the next twenty years he wrote more than five hundred songs.

  Many of Gershwin’s songs were first written for musical plays performed in theatres in New York City. These plays were a popular form of entertainment in the 1920s and 1930s. Many of his songs have remained popular as ever. Over the years they have been sung and played in every possible way — from jazz to country.

  In the 1920s there was a debate in the United States about jazz music. Could jazz, some people asked, be considered serious music? In 1924 jazz musician and orchestra leader Paul Whiteman decided to organize a special concert to show that jazz was serious music. Gershwin agreed to compose something for the concert before he realized he had just a few weeks to do it. And in that short time, he composed a piece for piano and orchestra which he called Rhapsody in Blue. Gershwin himself played the piano at the concert. The audience were thrilled when they heard his music. It made him world-famous and showed that jazz music could be both serious and popular.

  In 1928, Gershwin went to Paris. He applied to study composition (作曲)with the well-known musician Nadia Boulanger, but she rejected him. She was afraid that classical study would ruin his jazz-influenced style. While there, Gershwin wrote An American in Paris. When it was first performed, critics (评论家)were divided over the music. Some called it happy and full of life, to others it was silly and boring. But it quickly became popular in Europe and the United States. It sill remains one of his most famous works.

  George Gershwin died in 1937, just days after doctors learned he had brain cancer. He was only thirty-nine years old. Newspapers all over the world reported his death on their front pages. People mourned the loss of the man and all the music he might have still written.

  28. Many of Gershwin’s musical works were ________.

  A. written about New Yorkers B. composed for Paul Whiteman

  C. played mainly in the countryside D. performed in various ways

  29. What did Gershwin do during his stay in Paris?

  A. He created one of his best works. B. He studied with Nadia Boulanger.

  C. He argued with French critics. D. He changed his music style.

  30. What do we learn from the last paragraph?

  A. Many of Gershwin’s works were lost.

  B. The death of Gershwin was widely reported.

  C. A concert was held in memory of Gershwin.

  D. Brain cancer research started after Gershwin’s death.

  31. Which of the following best describes Gershwin?

  A. Talented and productive. B. Serious and boring.

  C. Popular and unhappy. D. Friendly and honest.

  D

  Tiredness, coughing, a runny nose and a sore throat—among all sicknesses there is probably none more common than the flu (流感), which we all get now and then. However, bird flu is a completely different story.

  In 2003, the H5N1 bird flu swept across 15 countries, including China, with sufferers reporting chest pain, difficulty breathing, fever and severe coughing. More than 600 people were infected, and about 60 percent died. Now, another type of bird flu hit Shanghai and three neighboring provinces, and this time the virus is called H7N9. By the afternoon of April 11, the new virus had taken nine lives out of 35 infected, according to Xinhua News Agency.

  The “H” and “N” in the virus’ name refer to two kinds of proteins (蛋白质) on the surface of the virus. Any change of the numbers of the two proteins indicates a new mutation(变异). Most of the mutations only affect birds, such as chickens and pigeons, and don’t normally spread to humans. But once they do, the results can be disastrous.

  “Any time an animal influenza virus crosses to humans, it is a cause for concern, ” Malik Peiris, virologist (病毒学家) at the University of Hong Kong, told Nature magazine. Take the SARS epidemic (传染病) in 2003 as an example. The virus behind the disease is thought to have jumped to humans from animals. The virus was a complete “stranger” to human bodies, which hadn’t developed an immunity (免疫力) against it.

  But there is something more about the new H7N9 bird flu. Unlike the H5N1 bird flu, which causes severe sickness in birds, the H7N9 has been evolving under the radar(悄悄地) since it travels between birds without causing noticeable illness. That makes it difficult to keep track of the disease.

  The good news is that there’s so far no sign that the virus is spreading from person to person. But since there is no vaccine (疫苗) for the disease yet, the World Health Organization recommends that you wash your hands after meeting with sick people and before and after you eat or prepare food, and they also suggest avoiding contact with birds or their eggs.

  32. Which of the following statements is TRUE according to the text?

  A. The H5N1 bird flu turned out to have something to do with the SARS epidemic.

  B. More than 600 people across the world died from the H5N1 bird flu in 2003.

  C. Most of the mutations of the proteins in the bird flu virus are harmful to both birds and humans.

  D. The name, H7N9 bird flu, shows that there have been new mutations of the proteins in the virus.

  33. With the example of the SARS epidemic in Paragraph 5, the author intends to   .

  A. introduce where the SARS virus came from

  B. inform us of the harmful effects of the SARS epidemic ten years ago

  C. show the horrible effects an animal influenza virus can have once it spreads to humans

  D. compare the differences between the SARS epidemic and the H7N9 bird flu

  34. What makes the H7N9 bird flu more frightening than the H5N1 bird flu according to the text?

  A. It can cause severe sickness in birds.

  B. It can spread from person to person.

  C. It affects a greater number of birds.

  D. It doesn’t sicken birds and thus can spread unnoticed.

  35. What are people advised to do to protect themselves against the H7N9 bird flu?

  a. To get vaccinated for the disease. b. To keep away from birds and their eggs.

  c. To stop eating chickens and ducks. d. To avoid meeting with sick people.

  e. To wash hands thoroughly and regularly.

  A. a, b    B. c, d C. b, e    D. a, e

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。(如果所用的答题卡没有E、F、G选项,则选E涂A、B,选F涂A、C,选G涂A、D。)

  I live in Japan, where electronic items are a way of life, so it is no surprise that many students carry these little electronic dictionaries. E-dictionaries may be lighter and compacter (简洁的) than any paper dictionary. 36 However, to me, these are pretty much the limits to their advantages. I think e-dictionaries should be limited in their use in classrooms. 37

  E-dictionaries are much more expensive. In Japan, they cost as little as 10,000 yen (US$100) much as 40,000 yen, depending on how many functions you want and depending on how fashionable you are. My trusty Random House paper dictionary is copyrighted at 1995, cost me a mere US$12.95 plus tax.

  E-dictionaries are more easily broken or damaged. Drop your paper dictionary. Go ahead. Hold it above your head and drop it. 38

  E-dictionaries need batteries. Batteries are temperature sensitive. Batteries cost money, too.

  E-dictionaries have keypads. Typing in the spelling of a word is harder and more time consuming than looking through pages and using the index at the top of each page.

  39 Sound. Little devices beep (嘟嘟声) when you press the buttons, but it is very disturbing to some people in a classroom situation or library.

  Finally, let’s consider making corrections or additions. No dictionary is perfect, paper version or electronic. However, when you find something you’d like to change in the e-dictionary, you can’t do anything about it. You can pencil in some notes with the paper type. Similarly, if you learn a word that isn’t in the dictionary, a few notes of a pencil make it easy to increase its memory capacity. 40 And, for those students whose habit is to mark certain words with a highlight pen for ease of future reference, again, the paper dictionary wins out.

  A.Now, try this with any lightweight plastic e-dictionary, and you’ll be picking up the pieces.

  B.Let me add a statement about one that really troubles me.

  C.They may even contain more words and expressions.

  D.But it is impossible to do so with a keypad model.

  E.That huge, heavy paper dictionary that you see in your library looks like a building block in size and weight.

  F.E-dictionaries have advantages as well as disadvantages.

  G.Let’s take a look at the following reasons.

  第三部分:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分) 阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  My 9-year-old daughter and I were flying from our home in Carolina to spend a week with my husband in Florida. We were 41 about the trip because we hadn’t seen him for five months, and my daughter 42 her Dad terribly.

  As usual on the Charlotte-to-Miami flight,the plane was totally 43 . Because we did not get our boarding passes until we 44 at the gate, Kallie and I could not get seats together and were 45 by the aisle (过道). I asked two passengers in my row if they would switch places with Kallie and me, 46 we could be together. They 47 , saying they thought they should stay in their assigned seats. Meanwhile, a mother and her three children were in a 48 several rows ahead of us. There had been a mistake in their boarding passes, and 49 the whole family had been split up. The passengers in her row 50 refused to move elsewhere. She was very 51 about the younger boy sitting with strangers. She was in tears, yet nobody 52 to help her. There were a troop of Boy Scouts(童子军) on 53 . Suddenly the Scout leader stood up and said, “Ma’am, I think we can help you.” He then 54 five minutes rearranging his group so that enough space was 55 for the family. The boys followed his directions cheerfully and without 56 , and the mother’s relief was obvious.

  Kallie, however, was beginning to panic at the 57 of not being next to me. I told her that there wasn’t anything I could do. 58 , the man sitting next to the Scoutmaster, 59 to me and asked, “Would you and your daughter like our seats?” 60 to himself and the Scoutmaster. We traded seats and continued our trip, very much relieved to be together and watch the scenery from Kallie’s window sea.

  41. A.eager B.anxious C.excited D.worried

  42. A.loved B.considered C.imagined D.missed

  43. A.full B.crowded C.empty D.overweight

  44. A.reached B.arrived C.landed D.knocked

  45. A.divided B.blocked C.separated D.connected

  46. A.in case B.even if C.as if D.so that

  47. A.prevented B.refused C.agreed D.promised

  48. A.panic B.hurry C.rush D.seat

  49. A.however B.otherwise C.therefore D.instead

  50. A.too B.also C.ever D.even

  51. A.concerned B.curious C.particular D.content

  52. A.suggested B.offered C.provided D.supplied

  53. A.duty B.watch C.board D.spot

  54. A.took B.cost C.paid D.spent

  55. A.suitable B.available C.probable D.comfortable

  56. A.permission B.excuse C.apology D.complaint

  57. A.thought B.end C.feeling D.sense

  58. A.Immediately B.Puzzlingly C.Clearly D.Amazingly

  59. A.turned up B.turned around C.turned out D.turned away

  60. A.sticking B.keeping C.waving D.referring

  第Ⅱ卷(60分)

  注意:将答案写在答题纸上。写在本试卷上无效。

  第四部分:英语知识运用 (共五节,满分60分)

  第一节 单词拼写(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  根据下列句子及所给汉语注释,将空缺处单词的正确形式写在答题纸上。(每空一词)

  61. “Scared stiff” is an appropriate __________ (描述) of how I felt at that moment.

  62. She has a teenage daughter from a __________ (以前的) marriage.

  63. What are they __________ (争吵) about?

  64. The government __________ (宣布) to the media plans to create a million new jobs.

  65. He __________ (不断地) writes articles for the local paper.

  66. Personal __________ (特征), such as age and sex are taken into account.

  67. It seems certain there will be new restrictions placed on the use of animals in __________ (科学的) experiments.

  68. He left a note at the scene of the crime, __________ (挑战) detectives to catch him.

  69. They were busy, so they had their wedding __________ (安排) by a company.

  70. The family thought it was more __________ (方便的) to eat in the kitchen.

  第二节 单句改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  每句话中的错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  71. Her health broke up under the pressure of work.

  72. They lacked of money to send him to university, so he found a part-time job to support himself.

  73. The drug is suspected causing over 200 deaths.

  74. This book contributes little for our understanding of the subject.

  75. Which driver was to be blame for the accident?

  76. He received a set of china consisted of sixty pieces.

  77. I recognized her at the instant I saw her.

  78. However, I lost sight of Wang Ping when we reached that looked like a large market because of too many carriages flying by in all directions.

  79. These units leaves children expose to many viewpoints of a given issue.

  80. Only if a teacher has given permission a student allowed to leave the room.

  第三节 单句语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  81. (drive) by a greater demand for green products, the food company has set higher standards to ensure the quality.

  82. Whether we can raise enough money to carry out the project remains (discuss).

  83. (read) the chapter four times, I finally understood the author’s theory.

  84. The Hotel Al Arab, (consider) the first and only 7-star hotel in the world was designed in the shape of a sail of 321 meters.

  85. Henry can’t attend the party (hold) at Tom’s house at present because he is preparing tomorrow’s presentation.

  86. (face) with the threat of water shortages, Beijing and Shanghai are taking effective measures to save water and protect water resources.

  87. (produce) 500g of honey, a single bee would have to make about 10 million trips from the hive to the flower and back again.

  88. No matter how frequently (praise), I always remember never to stop improving myself.

  89. Back from his two-year medical service in Africa, Dr. Lee was very happy to see his mother ____________ (take) good care of at home.

  90. As the light turned green, I stood for a moment, not (move), and asked myself what I was going to do.

  第四节 语篇语法填空(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Your class starts in 10 minutes, but you find yourself 91 (stick) in traffic. Don’t panic. With just a press of a button, your car will lift off the ground and fly to school. What’s your 92 (impress)? It seems like science fiction, but it isn’t. Engineers have taken 93 the research of flying cars, and they have already found 94 (solve) to many of the big challenges. They predict that we’ll all be using these amazing vehicles one day. According to Car Trends Magazine, one model, 95 is part car and part plane, is going to be on the market in 96 not-so-distant future. It will look like a regular car when it’s on the road, but its wings will unfold when the driver 97 (decide) to take to the sky. And 98 (operate) by a computer, all controls will be automatic. Imagine this: You’ll be doing your homework while your car is getting you to school 99 (safe). And what does this future dream car cost? Well, at first it will be about a million dollars, but after a few years, you’ll be able to buy 100 for “only” $60,000. Don’t throw away your old driver’s license just yet!

  第五节 书面表达(满分20分)

  根据下面的提示,简要介绍杰出科学家爱因斯坦。

  1. 爱因斯坦 (1879年3月14日 — 1955年4月18日) 出生于德国;

  2. 其相对论(Theory of Relativity)闻名于世,1921年获得诺贝尔物理学奖;

  3. 年少时害羞,不喜欢上学,不喜欢与人交往,一生中多数时间喜欢独处,喜欢音乐;

  4. 不看重金钱,热爱和平,致力于人权和社会进步。

  注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 开头已给出,不计入总词数。

  Albert Einstein is one of the 20th century’s greatest scientists. ________________________

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