湛江一中2018-2019学年度第一学期“第一次大考”
作者: 发布时间:2018-10-24 08:29:27 本文来源于:

  高二级 英语科试卷

  考试时间:120分钟 满分:150分 命题人:马锦浪 审题人:陈晓丹 做题人:许艾

  第一部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  With exams just around the corner, now is a good time to explore some of UCL’s lesser-known study spaces and get down to some revision. Here are some good choices for you.

  UCL Senate House Hub

  UCL Senate House Hub opened in 2015 and provides 144 study spaces. What’s more, you can check how many spaces are available online before you head to the hub! Located on the third floor of the South Block of Senate House, the center has room for individual and group study in traditional library spaces, as well as casual armchairs and bar-style desks.

  UCL Eastman Dental Library

  The newly refurbished(翻新的) UCL Eastman Dental Library is located halfway along Gray’s Inn Road and is open from Monday to Friday, 9:00 am–8:00 pm. The library has 72 study spaces, and many IT facilities are available. The library also has a study room for meetings and a computer room with an interactive whiteboard.

  UCL Language & Speech Science Library

  UCL Language & Speech Science Library (LaSS) has disabled access and has recently been refurbished to add extra study spaces. With only 49 spaces, LaSS is smaller than most other UCL Libraries and tends to fill up relatively quickly, so get there early to avoid disappointment.

  Senate House Library

  This one may be cheating as the Senate House Library is not technically a UCL library. However, all UCL students and staff can register for free membership online. With millions of books and journals, Senate House Library offers some places a little less used by UCL students but perfect for getting down to some hard work.

  1. The four places are mainly introduced to someone who __________.

  A. loves reading B. is preparing for exams

  C. likes learning online D. prefers to study in libraries

  2. What should students do online before they go to UCL Senate House Hub?

  A. Make an appointment in advance.

  B. Check the library’s opening hours.

  C. Check whether there are available seats.

  D. Check whether there are available armchairs.

  3. How many libraries may offer Internet services?

  A. One. B. Two. C. Three. D. Four.

  4. What can be inferred from the passage?

  A. UCL Senate House Hub has the longest history.

  B. Senate House Library is not used by UCL students.

  C. The disabled have no access to all the four libraries.

  D. LaSS may be the smallest one among the four libraries.

  B

  Kathy Fletcher and David Simpson have a son named Santi. He had a friend who sometimes went to school hungry. So Santi invited him to occasionally eat and sleep at his house.

  That friend had a friend and that friend had a friend, and now when you go to dinner at Kathy and David’s house on Thursday night there might be 15 to 20 teenagers gathering around the table, and later there will be groups of them crashing in the basement or in the few small bedrooms upstairs. The kids who show up at Kathy and David’s have suffered the pains of modern poverty: homelessness, hunger, abuse.

  And yet by some miracle, hostile soil has produced beautiful flowers. Kids come from around the city. Spicy chicken and black rice are served. Cellphones are banned. The kids who call Kathy and David “Momma” and “Dad,” are polite and clear the dishes. Birthdays and graduations are celebrated. Songs are performed. Each meal we go around the table and everybody has to say something nobody else knows about them. Each meal the kids show their promise to care for one another.

  The adults in this community give the kids the chance to present their gifts. “At my first dinner, Edd read a poem that I first thought was from Langston Hughes, but it turned out to be his own. Kesari has a voice that somehow appeared from New Orleans jazz from the 1920s. Madeline and Thalya practice friendship as if it were the highest art form.”

  “They give us a gift — complete intolerance of social distance. When I first met Edd, I held out my hand to shake his. He looked at it and said, ‘We hug here,’ and we’ve been hugging since.”

  Bill Milliken, a veteran youth activist, is often asked which programs turn around kids’ lives. “I still haven’t seen one program change one kid’s life,” he says. “What changes people is relationships. Somebody is willing to walk through the shadow of the valley of adolescence with them.” Souls are not saved in packs. Love is the necessary force.

  5. Why do kids come to Kathy and David’s house on Thursdays?

  A. To help the homeless at first hand.

  B. To experience the feeling of home.

  C. To learn about the modern poverty.

  D. To plant beautiful flowers in poor soil.

  6. Why isn’t the use of cell phones allowed at Thursday dinners?

  A. Kids need to tell stories about themselves.

  B. Kids are expected to care more for each other.

  C. Kids have to do house chores around the home.

  D. Kids prepare songs for birthdays and graduations.

  7. What gift did the writer get at a Thursday dinner?

  A. The practice of the art form.

  B. The pleasure of enjoying jazz.

  C. The chance to listen to poems.

  D. The zero distance between souls.

  8. What does Bill mean in his words?

  A. Love is the power to change a kid’s life.

  B. Money is needed to start programs for kids.

  C. A program can change a group of kid’s lives.

  D. Kids change their relationships in a program.

  C

  Do you like eating processed meat? If you do, think twice now if you want to eat such meat for the sake of your health. Why? It’s because eating processed meat can cause cancer, World Health Organization (WHO) experts said last Monday.

  Processed meat is the meat that has been preserved by salting, smoking, drying or canning. Experts from the WHO’s International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) in Lyon, France studied 800 patients. The experts connected processed meat, such as hot dogs and bacon, with at least three kinds of cancer. A person who eats 50 grams of processed meat per day—about two pieces of bacon—increases his or her risk of bowel(肠) cancer by 18 percent.

  The IARC has included processed meat in its Group 1 list, for which there is “enough evidence” of connection with cancer. Tobacco is also on the Group 1 list.

  WHO experts also say red meat, including beef, lamb and pork, is “probably” carcinogenic (致癌的) to humans. Dr. Kurt Strait is with the IARC. He said in a statement that the risk of cancer increases with the amount of meat a person eats. Health experts in some countries advised against eating large amounts of red and processed meat. But those suggestions had been centered on the increased risk of heart disease and obesity.

  However, meat industry groups protest the result of the WHO study. They say that meat is part of a balanced diet. They also say the causes of cancer are broad, and include environment and lifestyle factors.

  The WHO report cites the Global Burden of Disease project, which shows that diets high in processed meat lead to 34,000 cancer deaths per year worldwide.

  9. It can be inferred that the items on the Group 1 list of the IARC ________.

  A. are all processed foods

  B. aren’t often eaten by people

  C. can be the most dangerous to humans

  D. can greatly increase the risk of cancer

  10. What can take the place of the underlined word “protest”?

  A. Learn from. B. Disagree with. C. Take interest in. D. Pay attention to.

  11. What can be used as the best title of the passage?

  A. WHO: Processed Meat Can Cause Cancer

  B. The Importance of Having a Balanced Diet

  C. Eating Too Much Red Meat Is Bad for Humans

  D. Scientists Found the Causes of Some Kinds of Cancer

  D

  Children grow quickly, especially their feet. But many families cannot buy new shoes each time a child needs them. As a result, about 300 million children around the world go barefoot. Those children risk picking up diseases and parasites from the soil.

  Kenton Lee, an American man invented The Shoe That Grows. He explains, “It grows in three places: the front, on the side and on the back. It can last up to five years. The bottom is rubber like tire rubber. The top is just high-quality leather. ”

  Lee says he got the idea for the shoe while working as a volunteer in an orphanage in Kenya. “I just remember a little girl who wore a pair of small shoes. The shoes were so small that she had to cut open the front of her shoes to let her toes stick out. And I just remember thinking, wouldn't it be nice if there were a pair of shoes that could grow with her feet?”

  However, Lee says it was not easy to turn his idea into a reality. Finally, in 2009 Lee founded a non-profit organization called Because International. In the office of Because International, Lee keeps a pair of his own shoes to help him remember his promise.

  A pair of shoes, he says, gives more than protection. It gives a child self-worth and more chances to succeed. “Because it's a small thing that really does make a big difference to keep them healthy and happy and having more chances to succeed. ”

  Kenton Lee adds that his goal is to help get The Shoe That Grows to as many children as he can around the world.

  12. The first paragraph may intends to tell us ________.

  A. many children suffer lacking shoes

  B. shoes are badly needed in many places

  C. the necessity of inventing the new shoes

  D. we should make efforts to help the children

  13. What does the underlined word “ parasites” in paragraph 1 mean?

  A. Small living things that live on or inside something.

  B. The remains that left in the soil after crops got in.

  C. Some worms that protect soil.

  D. Small insects that are not easy to find.

  14. What’s the main idea of paragraph 3?

  A. The children in orphanage live a hard life.

  B. What inspired Kenton Lee to invent the shoes.

  C. A girl with a pair of worn shoes.

  D. Kenton Lee wanted to help the children.

  15. From Kenton Lee, we can know _________.

  A. the new-invented shoes can grow automatically

  B. he had little difficulty in inventing the new type shoes

  C. he had a great dream to invent shoes from his childhood

  D. shoes are important for children’s physical and mental growth

  第二节 (共 5 小题,每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  We all know that being grateful and appreciative is very beneficial. 16 Gratitude belongs to the category of advanced life skills because it can completely transform your life.

  Help others turn away from negativity. If some people you know insist in talking about negative things all the time, find a wise way to tell them that you really don’t appreciate it. 17

  Look for reasons to say thank you. 18 They’ll be more likely to do nice things for you because you appreciate their efforts. In turn, you’ll have even more reasons to feel gratitude. When other people sense that you appreciate them, it changes your relationship with them.

  19 When you find yourself in a difficult situation, look for the beneficial aspects created by that situation. Ask yourself: “What have I learned here? Will it benefit me in the future? When I look back on this experience a year later, what will I be grateful for?”

  Have a gratitude review. Do this as soon as you wake up in the morning and before you go to sleep at night. 20 Think of all the things you have to be grateful for in your life. If you start and end each day with gratitude, your whole life will shift in a more positive direction. It only takes a minute or two to allow gratitude to fill your heart and mind.

  A. See the big picture.

  B. Show gratitude to others.

  C. Actually, it is more than that.

  D. Everyone loves to be appreciated.

  E. Don’t get pulled in a negative talk.

  F. Remember to count your blessings daily.

  G. So you could be doing them a huge favor.

  第二部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分 45)

  第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  I was a lovely child with a loving family. I was not a (n) 21 , but a leader in school. But what made me special was not seen from the outside: I was 22 about life. My best character was my personality.

  At age twelve, my life had a breakdown. It was then that I developed OCD (强迫症). I was no longer the 23 girl. I finally told my mother I was suffering from depression. I started taking medicine. 24 , the medicine did help. But one thing didn’t 25 : I still was overwhelmed with depression. I still was 26 sad and I started to believe that my life no longer 27 .

  Thinking my life no longer had 28 , I decided suicide was the solution. I wrote a note to all my friends and family, expressing I was 29 for leaving them. As I was folding the note, my eyes fell on a photograph. It was a little girl wearing a carefree smile.

  It took me a few minutes to 30 who the girl in the photo was. I 31 couldn’t believe that smiling child was me! It seemed my younger self had sent me a 32 . Right then and there I knew I couldn’t 33 myself. Once I had been a strong girl, and I had to be like that again. I swore I wouldn’t only 34 my medicine. I would fight the depression with my 35 , too.

  It’s been two years 36 I recovered. The real reason I’m 37 is that I refused to let depression 38 my life. I learned a lifelong 39 : Never give up. Life is good. Everyone has 40 in life, but everyone can survive. I am living proof of that.

  21. A. follower B. winner C. listener D. organizer

  22. A. curious B. upset C. concerned D. enthusiastic

  23. A. beautiful B. happy C. brave D. casual

  24. A. After all B. In fact C. In addition D. By chance

  25. A. matter B. occur C. change D. arrive

  26. A. occasionally B. constantly C. naturally D. permanently

  27. A. counted B. existed C. turned D. appeared

  28. A. destination B. advantage C. impact D. meaning

  29. A. grateful B. sorry C. responsible D. suitable

  30. A. explain B. assume C. realize D. acknowledge

  31. A. never B. only C. still D. even

  32. A. chance B. letter C. greeting D. message

  33. A. forgive B. kill C. control D. betray

  34. A. rely on B. take over C. bring in D. pick out

  35. A. mind B. choice C. decision D. imagination

  36. A. after B. since C. before D. when

  37. A. educated B. praised C. healed D. accepted

  38. A. ruin B. define C. fail D. break

  39. A. memory B. story C. lesson D. concept

  40. A. challenges B. promises C. opportunities D. options

  第二节语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  Tea is enjoyed all over the world as a comforting treat. First, choose the type of tea you want to drink. There are various types of tea that offer different health 41 (benefit) and flavors. Next, boil a pot of water and pour it over your tea. Allow your tea to soak thoroughly. Add milk and sugar to increase 42 flavor of bold teas or add honey 43 lightly flavored teas if desired.

  Green tea is known for 44 (it) high level of a cancer-fighting chemical. However, green tea is high in caffeine and can make you feel anxious and nervous if you drink too much. It is said that oolong tea may promote healthy skin and black tea can 45 (great) reduce the risk of breast cancer in younger women. White tea is helpful in preventing cavities and building the 46 (strong) of your teeth. There have been many claims about herbal teas which can do good to health, but there is 47 (limit) research or supporting data on these claims.

  Most teas can 48 (buy) and transported in tins of loose tea or in small packages of tea bags. Some people believe that loose leaf teas have a 49 (fresh) flavor than tea bags 50 others prefer tea bags because they’re much easier to use and carry around.

  第三部分 写作 (共三节 满分 65分)

  第一节 完成句子:根据已给的词或提示完成句子,(每空一词,每词1分,共30分)

  51. He needed more (science) experiments to support his theory.

  52. She has come to the (conclude) that he does not love her at all.

  53. The (analyse) of the food showed the presence of poison.

  54. Follow the (instruct) when you operate the machine.

  55. They went for a hiking and spent an (enjoy) weekend.

  56. There is always a __________ (possible) that he might go back to UK.

  57. by green hill on the north and a clear river on the east, this village really enjoys nice . (surround)

  58. –—What’s your of your English teacher?

  –—He is a kind and handsome young man, but what me most is his sense of humour. (impress)

  59.只有当你用心学习时, 你才能取得大的进步。

  Only when you put your heart into study you

  .

  60.爸爸的小车几天前被偷了。

  My father a few days ago.

  61. 这幅画让我想起了我大学的日子。

  The picture me my college days.

  62.你不能指望她,她缺乏责任心。

  You can not depend on her for she .

  63.当他在数出席的人数时,他漏掉了自己。

  He himself when counting the number of people present.

  64.他是一位出色的领导, 没有人能代替他。

  He is such a great leader that nobody can

  him.

  第二节 短文改错(10 分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

  文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号( ),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线( )划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  I prefer my English classes to be taught in English only. What we all know, a good learning environment is of greatly importance if we want to study English well. Classes teaching in English provide students for a better environment. When English is an only language in class, students will have more opportunity to practise listening and speaking. However, there were problems with this method. Sometimes we may find difficult to follow the teacher and some slow learners may even give up learn English. In spite of these difficulties, but I believe practice makes perfect. With enough practice, we can overcome the difficulties and benefit from English classes in the long run.

  第三节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假定你是李华,近日与你一起参加全国中学生英语演讲比赛的同学David获得了一等奖。请根据所给提示给David写一封信,要点如下:

  1.告诉他获奖的消息并表示祝贺;

  2. 回顾你们刻苦训练的过程;

  3.表示感谢并向他学习。

  注意:1、词数100左右;

  2、可适当增加细节,使文章层次分明,行文连贯。

  Dear David,

  _______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  All the best!

  Yours,

  Li Hua

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