山东省潍坊市第一中学2018届高考预测卷试题(二)英语试题
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-29 09:20:06 本文来源于:
\
   高三英语试题

  (考试时间:120分钟 试卷满分:150分)

  注意事项:

  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上。

  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  4.考试结束后,请将本试卷和答题卡一并上交。

  第I卷

  第一部分听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转写到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

听下面
\
5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.Where are the speakers?

  A.In a supermarket. B.In a restaurant. C.At home.

  2.What will the woman probably do tomorrow afternoon?

  A.See a doctor. B.Meet her brother. C.Watch a movie.

  3.How will the speakers go to the bookstore?

  A.By bike. B.By bus. C.By taxi.

  4.What does the woman suggest the man do?

  A.Go to France. B.Give up the program. C.Take three months off.

  5.What do we know about Dario?

  A.He feels hopeless.

  B.He likes Coke very much.

  C.He was too busy to go shopping.

  第二节(共1 5小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听下面一段话,回答第6~7两个小题。

  6.What kind of room does the woman want?

  A.A single room. B.A double room. C.A room for three.

  7.How much will the woman pay per night?

  A.$100. B.$120. C.$150.

  听下面一段对话,回答第8~9两个小题。

  8.What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A.The coming party. B.The house owner. C.The condition of a house.

  9.What was wrong with the house yesterday?

  A.It’s pipe needed replacing.

  B.It’s electricity went off.

  C.It’s light was broken.

  听下面一段对话,回答第10~12三个小题

  10.Where does the conversation take place?[来源:Zxxk.Com]

  A.At Customer Service. B.At Benson Software. C.Over the phone.

  11.Why is the man talking to the woman?

  A.To place an order.

  B.To have CD players repaired.

  C.To complain about a wrong order.

  12.How many more CD players will be sent to the man?

  A.50. B.100. C.1 50.

  听下面一段对话,回答第13~16四个小题。

  13.What does the man enjoy most about the course?

  A.Meeting famous musicians.

  B.Organizing every detail of it.

  C.Hearing young musicians play.

  14.How does the man advertise the course?

  A.Through the Internet.

  B.Through the university.

  C.Through the TV show.

  15.What is required to join the course?

  A.Perfect performance. B.Basic English skill. C.Good looks.

  16.Why isn’t the countryside a good choice?

  A.It’s too spacious.

  B.It’s too quiet.

  C.The transport isn’t convenient.

  听下面一段独白,回答第17~20四个小题。

  17.When should parents pick up their kids at the latest on Thursday?

  A.At 1:00 pm. B.At 11:30 am. C.At 12:30 pm.

  18.What’s the advantage of ordering supplies from school?

  A.It is very convenient. B.It has a free delivery. C.It will cost much less.

  19.What does the community charity do?

\
A.Help people in need.

  B.Look for missing things.

  C.Donate things to the school.

  20.Who will get a call the night before school starts?

  A.New students. B.Teachers. C.Returning students.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,40分)

  第一节(共1 5小题;每小题2分,共30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Though scientists warn that global warming will likely continue for centuries because of the long natural processes involved,there are a few things we can do to decrease the effects.Basically,they all boil down to this:Don’t use as much of the stuff that creates greenhouse gases.On a local level,you can help by using less energy.The electricity that operates many of the devices in our homes comes from a power plant,and most power plants burn fossil fuels to generate that power.Turn off lights when they’re not in use.Take shorter showers to use less hot water.Use a fan instead of an air conditioner on a warm day.

  Here are some other specific ways that can help decrease greenhouse gases:[来源:学科网]

  ●Make sure your car is properly tuned up.This allows it to run more efficiently and generate fewer harmful gases.

  ●Walk or ride your bike if possible,or carpool on your way to work.Cars burn fossil fuel,so smaller,more fuel—efficient cars emit less CO2,particularly hybrid cars.

  ●Turn lights and other appliances off when you’re not using them.Even though a light bulb doesn’t generate greenhouse gas,the power plant that generates the electricity used by the light bulb probably does.Switch from incandescent light bulbs(白炽灯泡)to fluorescent bulbs(日光灯),which use less energy and last longer.

  ●Recycle.Garbage that doesn’t get recycled ends up in a landfill,producing methane(甲烷).

  ●Plant trees and other plants where you can.Plants take carbon dioxide out of the air and release oxygen.

  ●Don’t burn garbage.This releases carbon dioxide and hydrocarbons into the atmosphere.

To really stem the emission of greenhouse gases,we need to develop non—fossil fuel energy sources.Hydro—electric power, solar power,hydrogen engines and fuel cells could all crea
\
te big cuts in greenhouse gases if they were to become more common.

  21.What can we infer from Paragraph 1?

  A.Globe warming will not likely continue.

  B.Scientists warn people not to use fossil fuels.

  C.Most of the power we use at home comes from coal and oil.

D.
\
We can do few things to decrease the effects of global warming.

  22.Which is true about non—fossil fuel energy according to the text?

  A.It releases fewer greenhouse gases.

  B.It gives off no greenhouse gases at all.

  C.It is the energy generated by coal.

  D.It is more expensive than the fossil fuel energy.

  23.This text is probably taken from a_______

  A.history book B.science magazine

  C.fashion magazine D.medical journal

  B

  To be a good parent.you need to know how to make your children feel valued and loved,while teaching them the difference between right and wrong.At the end of the day,the most important thing is to create a nurturing environment where your children feel like they can thrive and develop into confident,independent,and caring adults.If you want to know how to be a good parent,see the following.

  Sometimes the best thing you can give your child is love and affection.A warm touch or a caring hug can let your child know how much you really care about him or her.Don’t ever overlook how important a physical connection is when it comes to your child.

Praising your children is an important part of being a go
\
od parent.You want your kids to feel proud of their accomplishments and good about themselves.If you don’t give them the confidence they need to be out in the world on their own,then they won’t feel empowered to be independent or adventurous.When they do something good,let them know that you’ve noticed and that you’re very proud of them.

  Avoid comparing your children to others,especially siblings.Each child is individual and unique.Celebrate their differences and instill(逐渐灌输)in each child the desire to pursue their interests and dreams.Failure to do so may give your child an inferiority complex(自卑感),an idea that they can never be good enough in your eyes.If you want to help them improve their behavior,talk about meeting their goals on their own terms,instead of telling them to act like their sister or neighbor.

  It’s important that your communication with your children goes both ways.You shouldn’t just be there to enforce rules,but to listen to your children when they are having a problem.You have to be able to express interest in your children and involve yourself in their life.

  24.What should good parents do according to the text?

  A.They always be ready to help others.

  B.They teach their children what they want.

  C.They give their children love and appreciation.

  D.They try to provide a good living environment.

  25.What does the underlined word“empowered”in Paragraph 3 probably mean?

  A.Outgoing. B.Forced. C.Easy—going. D.Inspired.[来源:学科网]

  26.What should parents avoid doing to their children?

  A.Touching and hugging them.

  B.Getting involved in their life.

  C.Setting a goal for them to achieve.

  D.Asking them to learn their neighbor’s behavior.

  27.How will Tom probably feel if told by his dad“lily is always better than you"?

A.Honoured.
\
B.Discouraged. C.Amused. D.Delighted.

  C

  The United States does not require businesses to pay workers who are sick or caring for a new baby.President Obama and some other U.S. lawmakers want to change time off ——or leave——policies.Supporters say paid leave is the right thing to do.Opponents say it will kill economic growth.

  Recently a woman named Jenny Cheek became pregnant while she worked for the U.S. government in Washington, DC.She planned to take a few months off work to have and care for the new baby.She was surprised to learn her job would not pay her for the time off.

  The U.S. federal government——like most American businesses——does not offer paid family leave to have a baby or care for family members.The federal government does,however,give workers a few weeks of paid vacation time every year.So,instead of using her vacation time to go to the beach or go camping,Ms.Cheek did what many Americans do:she used her vacation time to stay home with her newborn.

  In the end,Ms.Cheek and her husband decided they would support their family on his paycheck alone.Jenny Cheek became a stay—at—home mom.But she wonders why the U.S. cannot find a way to help people balance work with caring for a family.“Almost every other country in the world has figured out a way to make this happen.There’s no way I could have been an attentive mom,a dedicated mom,in the same way if 1 was worried every single day about how I was going to pay the bills.”

  U.S.Secretary of Labor Tom Perez published an article on his department’S website.He says the U.S.needs to learn from other countries.Secretary Perez writes that Canada,the United Kingdom.Australia and Brazil guarantee between 1 5 and 24 weeks of paid leave for mothers with newborns.Some countries also offer other benefits such as paid leave for fathers to care for children.

  28.Why are some people opposed to offering paid leave?

  A.Because it will harm the medical care market.

  B.Because President Obama and lawmakers object to it.

  C.Because they think the economic growth is on the decline.

  D.Because they think it will cause a decline in economic growth.

29.What enabled Ms Cheek to have time to care fo
\
r her newborn baby?

  A.She hired a babysitter.

  B.She found a part—time job.

  C.She asked sick leave for 15 weeks.

  D.She used her paid vacation time and leave without pay.

  30.Why couldn’t Ms Cheek be an attentive mom?

  A.Because she was fired by her company.

  B.Because she couldn’t get paid vacation time.

  C.Because she was worried about how to pay the bills.

  D.Because she had to balance work with caring for a family.

  31.What can we learn from the last paragraph?

  A.Secretary Perez supports paid family leave.

  B.Many countries criticized American government.

  C.Most countries in the world offer paid leave for fathers.

  D.America guarantees 1 5 weeks of paid leave only for mothers.

  D

  Zanzibar’s Jozani forest is a large mature woodlands that is home to a lot of endangered species.But for all its beauty the forest is under huge pressure from rapid deforestation due to charcoal(木炭)production and unsustainable farming.

The Zanzibar Butterfly Centre,aims to change that by retraining charcoal producers in villages surrounding th
\
e
\
forest as butterfly farmers.

  “We cannot stop anyone from producing charcoal.However,we try to educate people about the damaging effects it has on the environment,”Natalie Tempel—Merzougui,the project’s facilitator,told the Thomson Reuters Foundation.

  The program offers training and equipment to butterfly farmers,the most successful of whom can earn as much as $250 a month selling butterfly pupae(蛹) to the centre’s own tourist exhibit and to overseas buyers,she said.

  Butterfly farmers operate by catching a few female butterflies and transferring them to cages so they can lay eggs.Farmers then collect the eggs and raise the caterpillars by feeding them on host plants until they turn to pupae.It’s at this stage that farmers start earning by selling the pupae to the butterfly centre,which sells them for export or keeps them until they hatch,to display for tourists.

“Raising butterf
\
ly is much easier than charcoal making.which requires a lot of work.I get enough money to support my family.O
\
ne of the benefits of farming butterflies,rather than crops,is that they mature quickly.Once the eggs hatch and become caterpillars,it takes only a matter of weeks before they transform into butterflies ready for sale,”Rungu Hamisi,one of the butterfly farmers who used to earn a hard living by making charcoal said.

  32.Why is it important to protect Jozani forest?

  A.Because it’s the main source of local people’s income.

  B.Because it provides a good recreation place for people.

  C.Because there exist plenty of endangered species.

  D.Because most farmers make a living by working there.

  33.What plays an important role in protecting Jozani forest?

  A.Educating charcoal producers. B.Forbidding farmer’s cutting.

  C.The local government’s support. D.Developing local farming.

  34.What does the Zanzibar Butterfly Center pay the farmers for?

  A.Butterflies. B.Eggs. C.Worms. D.Pupae.

  35.What can we learn from what Rungu Hamisi said?

  A.He regretted making a living by making charcoal.

  B.Raising butterflies has increased his income greatly.

  C.He persuaded most local farmers to raise butterflies.

  D.It takes a lot of work to get butterflies to bring profits.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的七个选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  When you’re depressed,it often feels like nothing in the world can make you feel better.Antidepressant(抗抑郁的)medications do help to manage depression. 36 Here are some ways that may help fight depression without medications so you can enjoy life again.

Share what you’re going through with people you love and trust.Don’t feel embarrassed confiding in a friend or voicing your struggles.Talking about your problems
\
or worries is not a self-centered or self-pitying endeavor;it’s an act of courage.It can be the best thing you do for yourself to lighten the burden and begin the process of regaining your happiness.The people you talk to don’t have to be able to fix you,they just need to be good listeners. 37

  Keep a“thought log.” Whenever you experience negative thoughts or sudden burst of sadness,write down the thoughts and what caused them as clearly and briefly as possible.Read the log with an open mind.Question if there’s another way to view the situation. Worries and doubts often disappear after careful consideration. 38 However,if the worries are based on genuine risks,take additional measures to manage them.

39 A review of many of the available studies concluded that exercise is extremely effective for improving both mood and depressive symptoms.So get exercising.Aim for about 30 minutes of e
\
xercise per day.You’re not training for the Boston Marathon.Exercises that are continuous and rhythmic are good choices.This gives you lots of options like walking,swimming and stationery biking.

  Adopt a pet. 40 However,pets can bring a lot of joy and companionship into life.They help you feel less lonely and isolated.Caring for a pet can also take your mind off your own troubles,forcing you to get up and about more.

  A.Go outside more.

  B.If that happens,that’s great.

  C.Get the right kinds of exercise.

  D.Sometimes all we need is a listening ear.

  E.Light increase your productivity and happiness.

  F.Nothing can replace the joy and pleasure of human—to—human connection.[来源:学*科*网Z*X*X*K]

  G.But these drugs often only treat the symptoms of depression and not necessarily the causes.

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以

  填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  In January 2014,when Luigi Quintos,54,held his newborn grandson,Ayden,for the first time,the baby weighed just over a pound.Ayden had been born two months premature(早产的),and doctors thought he might not 41.___it.Upset,Luigi turned to art to 42.___himself . He had been drawing portraits(肖像) of people 43.____since grade schoo1.

  This time,Luigi drew a portrait of Ayden with his parents—Luigi’s 44.___and daughter-in-law 45.___their gaze on him.“It was my way of making sure they’d always be 46.____.”he says.

  After five—month 47._____,Ayden pulled through.48.___by the good news,Luigi set up a Facebook page,Priceless Images,49.___he offered to draw portraits of other kids who were 50.___or had died.“I thought my work might offer 51.____,”he says.

  Within days,52.___filled his inbox(收件箱).Often,parents e—mail Luigi a photo of their child along with a 53.___of his or her illness or how the child 54._____.Sometimes they request that the artist 55.____oxygen tubes and wires that appear in the 56.____,and one family asked for their child’s eyes to be drawn open,an image they never got to see in real life.

  Each drawing 57.____Luigi,who works as a driver in Salem,Oregon,a few hours.When he’s done.he 58._____an ll-by-14-inch portrait to the parents and posts a version of the drawing on his Facebook page.

  To 59.___,Luigi has completed 450 portraits,with another 350 on the waiting list.But Luigi doesn’t mind the backlog(积压).“The 60,____give families something they can hold on to,"he says.

  41.A.put B.hit C.make D.get

  42.A.enjoy B.calm C.help D.express

  43.A.now and then B.to and fro C.up and down D.high and low

44.A.family B.dad
\
C.brother D.son

  45.A.avoiding B.focusing C.catching D.turning

  46.A.joyful B.perfect C.around D.together

  47.A.education B.holiday C.care D.development

  48.A.Persuaded B.Caused C.Affected D.Encouraged

  49.A.where B.why C.what D.how

  50.A.luck B. nice C.sick D.clever

  51.A.shelter B.comfort C.opportunity D.convenience

  52.A.requests B.ideas C.positions D.news

  53.A.definition B.description C.translation D.imagination

  54.A.developed B.grew C.died D.raised

  55.A.choose B.provide C.exclude D.find

  56.A.screen B.photo C.wall D.system

  57.A.pays B.spends C.1ightens D.takes

  58.A.produces B.mails C.draws D.shows

  59.A.conclude B.sum C.date D.taste

  60.A.drawings B.stories C.businesses D.feelings

  第II卷

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分1 5分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  The moon is getting rounder and brighter every day.Moon cakes in fancy packages are filling shop 61.___(shelf).The Mid—Autumn Festival is on its way.

  The Mid-Autumn Festival has always been 62.____occasion when families get together,eat delicious mooncakes and remember friends and family who 63.___(be)far from home.

  The most famous story 64.___people think of when they think about the festival is that of Chang’e,the woman on the moon.It 65.____(say)that there were once 10 suns in the sky.God asked Hou Yi to shoot down nine of them.After he had done this,the Queen Mother of the Western Heavens gave him a special potion(药剂).66.____he took the potion,she said,he would live a very long life.

Instead of drinking the potion 67.____(he),Hou Yi t
\
ook it home and asked his wife Chang’e to keep it.68.____(fortunate),one day,to protect the potion from a bad guy,Chang’e drank it,then flew out of the window and up into the moon.

  After hearing that Chang’e had become a goddess,people offered sacrifices(供奉)to her 69.______(pray)for peace and good luck.Since then,the custom of worshipping the moon and remembering loved ones during Mid—Autumn Festival 70.______(spread).

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。

  文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删

  除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Mar 12 is memorable because our class had a meaningful experience that day.

  In the morning of that day,we bicycled to the suburb to plant trees,talked and laughing all the way.Upon our arrive,we began to work immediately.Some are digging holes;some were carrying and planting young trees,while others were watering it.After getting the work do,we put up a board reminding people protect the trees.Before leaving,we took some photo to record our green action.Saw the lines of trees,we all have had a sense of achievement.

  What a pleasant experience! I'm proud of what I have done.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假如你是某国际学校的学生会主席李华,为配合学校即将开展的读书周(Reading Week)活动,你打算倡议同学们多读书,读好书。请根据下面的提示给同学们用英文写一封倡议书。

  内容包括:

  1.读书周活动的宗旨

  2.读书的益处

  3.多读书的建议

  注意:1.文章开头结尾己给出,不计入总词数。

  2.可适当增加细节,使文章内容充实、连贯。

  3.词数100词左右。

  Dear friends,

  I am Li Hua,_____________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Hua

  高三英语参考答案

  第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  1—5 BCAAC 6—10 CABAC 11—15 CBCAB 16—20 CCAAC

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,共30分)

  21-23 CAB 24-27 CDDB 28-31DDCA 32—35 CADB

  A:本文介绍了在现实生活中,我们可以做些事情来减少全球气候变暖造成的影响。

  https://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/green-science/global-warming8.htm

  B:本文是一篇说明文。介绍了成为好父母应该掌握的诀窍。

  https://www.wikihow.com/Be-a-Good-Parent

  C:本文主要论述了美国女性员工是否可以拥有带薪休产假的权利问题。

  http://www.easyvoa.com/voa-speacial-english/In-the-News/15101.html

  D:本文是说明文。桑给巴尔在当地开始尝试一种新的方式,即通过饲养蝴蝶来保护森林。

  http://www.dailymail.co.uk/wires/reuters/article-3378781/To-save-rare-forests-farmers-try-new-crop-butterflies.html

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,共10分)

  36-40 GDBCF

  http://www.en8848.com.cn/article/medecine/depression/70686.html

  第三部分 英语知识应用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  41-45 CBADB 46-50 DCDAC 51-55 BABCC 56-60 BDBCA

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  61.shelves 62.an 63.are 64.that 65.is said

  66.If 67.himself 68.Unfortunately 69.to pray 70.has been spread

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  On 变成In, talked变成talking, arrive变成arrival, are变成were,

  it变成them, do变成done, protect前加to, photo变成photos,

  Saw变成Seeing, have去掉

  第二节 书面表达

  Dear friends,

  I am Li Hua, president of the Students’Union. I’m writing to appeal to you to do more reading.

  Reading Week,which is arriving, is launched to encourage us students to read more books.As we all know,reading is beneficial to us in many ways.To begin with, reading is a good way to spend our spare time.Second,reading broadens our knowledge and enriches our life. In addition, reading allows us to learn from great people and live a better life.

  Here are some tips on how to do more reading. First, we should form the habit of reading. Second,we can exchange books with our friends. Besides, we’d better take a book with us wherever we go.

  If we make reading part of our life,we will benefit from reading. Love books and live a better life.

  Yours sincerely,[来源:学|科|网]

  Li Hua

[《高中生》杂志·新高考网 责任编辑:周丹]

关于我们 - 关于《高中生》杂志社 - 联系我们 - 编辑热线 - 投稿

copyright 2010-2016 中共湖南省委宣传部、湖南省教育厅主管,湖南教育报刊集团主办,《高中生》杂志社承办
ALL Rights Reserved

互联网出版许可证:新出版网证(湘)字017号 湘ICP备10000103号