山东省潍坊市第一中学2018届高考预测卷(一)英语试题
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-29 09:17:51 本文来源于:
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   高三 英语试题2018.5

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.How much were the cards all together?

  A.10 cents. B.14 cents. C.40 cents.

  2.Why did the customer return the dress?

  A.Because she didn’t like its color.

  B.Because it was too small.

  C.Because it was too expensive.

  3.What kind of bike does Tom want to buy?

  A.A heavier one. B.An expensive one. C.A racing one.

  4.What does the woman mean?

  A.They can’t be gotten now.

  B.It’s the right season to grow it.

  C.They have been sold out.

  5.When would the man like to see the Great Wall?

  A.In spring. B.In winter. C.In autumn.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听下面一段对话,回答第6和第7两个小题。

  6.How long will Uncle’s family stay at Tom’s?

  A.For about a week.[来源:Z+xx+k.Com]

  B.For at least four days.

  C.For three days.

  7.What can we infer about their ages?

  A.Tom is older than Fay but younger than Rosemary.

  B.Fay is two years younger than Rosemary.

  C.Rosemary is younger than Fay but older than Tom.

  听下面一段对话,回答第8至第10三个小题。

  8.Where is the woman going?

  A.To the library. B.To the cinema. C.To the classroom.

  9.What does the man invite the woman to do?

  A.Write papers. B.See a film. C.Do some reading.

  10.Why does the woman refuse the man’s invitation?

  A.She has three classes.

  B.She has to take exams.

  C.She has to do her schoolwork

  听下面一段对话,回答第11至第13三个小题。

  11.Where are the two speakers?

  A.In a dining room. B.In a classroom. C.In a poo1.

  12.When does the conversation take place?

  A.In the morning. B.In the afternoon. C.In the evening.

  13.What will the speakers do at the end of the talk?

  A.Go to class. B.Eat breakfast. C.Go swimming.

  听下面一段对话,回答第14至第16三个小题。

  14.Why will the woman put on a show?

  A.To make money. B.To have fun. C.To select singers.

  15.What can we learn from the conversation?

  A.Many people will watch the show.

  B.Three songs will be sung in the show.

  C.Three people will appear on the stage.

  16.What do we know about the man?

  A.He has never sung before.

  B.He often appears on a stage.

  C.He’11 sing and dance in the show.

  听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。

  17.What’s discussed in the passage?

  A.Prisons in Britain. B.Cooking or cleaning. C.Work or study.

  18.What will become of the lawbreaker?

  A.He will be asked to do some homework.

  B.He will be ordered to do some cleaning.

  C.He will be paid for what he does.

  19.How many hours can a prisoner in the closed prison spend outside?

  A.2 hours. B.12 hours. C.8 hours.

  20.How will prisoners in open prisons spend the night?

  A.They are free within the prison grounds.

  B.They can study out of the prison grounds.

  C.They are locked up during the night.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将选项涂黑。

  A

The China Daily newspaper group is looking for E
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nglish-language senior business editors,senior
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copy editors,copy editors and graphic designers to strengthen its international team.We offer a competitive salary package,free accommodation with utilities paid for,90 percent medical reimbursement,a seven-day paid leave,eleven-day public holidays and a return ticket to the country of residence.

  Senior Business Editor

  You must:

  ·assist the business editor in setting goals and working on achieving them;

  ·be an excellent team person who can generate ideas and think creatively and be able to rewrite totally if needed arid mentor junior staff;

  ·ideally have been working or have worked in a position of responsibility and understand what leadership entails;

  · have had at least five years’editing experience working on editing the Business Desk and be familiar with industry software.

  Senior Copy Editor

  You must:

  ·work on shifts in the Business Desk and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print;

  ·edit or rewrite copy and give smart headlines and captions;

· have had at least two years’editing experience working on editing desks and b
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e familiar with industry software.

  Copy Editor

  You must:

  ·be good at editing or rewriting copy and writing smart headlines and captions;

  ·be able to work on shifts for different pages,and usually have the last word before the page is sent to print;

·have two years of editing experience working on copy desks,and be familiar with industry so
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ftware.

  Graphic Designer

  You must:

  ·have excellent skills in information graphics;

  ·be good at illustrations and freehand drawings;

  ·be experienced in newspaper or magazine layouts;

  ·have a good sense of typography;

  ·have good news judgment;

  ·be skilled in Macintosh software,including in Design,Illustrator and Photoshop;

  ·be fluent in English.

  For enquiries or to apply,write to job @ chinadaily.com.cn.

  21.What is the purpose of this passage?

  A.To describe the positions of the China Daily newspaper group.

  B.To describe the working conditions of the China Daily newspaper group.

  C.To advertise for recruiting some good employees.[来源:学科网]

  D.To tell you how to become good editors and designers.

  22.What is not required about Graphic Designer?

  A.Being good at Photoshop.

  B.Having excellent skills in information graphics.

  C.Having a good sense of typography.

  D.Writing smart headlines and captions.

  23.How many positions need editing experience?

  A.Two. B.One. C.Three. D.Four.

  B

  Endangered giant pandas are facing a new threat:the loss of their food source,bamboo.In China’s Qinling Mountains,giant pandas spend most of their day eating bamboo.The plant makes up 99%of the panda’s diet,with some pandas eating about 40 pounds of it a day.But Qinling’s pandas may soon have to find another food source.A new study published in the science journal Nature Climate Change reports that warming temperatures may cause the loss of most of the region’s bamboo by the end of the century.

A team made up of researchers from Michigan State University and the Chinese Academy of Scie
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nces studied the effects of climate change on the region’s three main bamboo species. They studied the influence of rising temperatures on the spread and growth of bamboo. Bamboo is sensitive to temperature changes.“Even with a 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit increase in temperature,we found that 80%to 100%of bamboo would be gone by the end of the century,”Liu Jianguo,one of the study’s authors said.Shirley Martin,who came from Paris but
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not involved in the team said that it’s really a demanding challenge for us to get a desired result. The Qinling Mountains,located in eastern China,are home to about 270 pandas.That is about 17%of the world’s wild panda population.The panda is one of the world’s mo
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st endangered species. In recent years,China has stepped up efforts to protect pandas.But Liu says the country has yet to consider the long-term efforts of climate change in its conservation planning.Aside from increasing nature reserve areas where pandas are protected.Liu wants China to lower its use of fuels that release green
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house gases—as should the rest of the world.“The future of pandas,”he says,“is in our hands.”

  24.What can we know from the first paragraph?[来源:学|科|网Z|X|X|K]

  A.Most of the bamboo in Qinling may disappear in the future.

  B.The bamboo in Qinling is enough for giant pandas.

  C.Qinling’s giant pandas have already eaten 99%of the bamboo.

  D.Qinling’s giant pandas are certain to have no bamboo to eat by the end of the century.

  25.Where do the researchers in the team come from?

  A.Britain and China. B.The US and China.

  C.France and the US. D.Germany and the US.

  26.Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?

  A.Bamboo is sensitive to the changes of temperature.

  B.17%of the world’s wild pandas are in Qinling Mountains.

  C.China is making great efforts to protect giant pandas.

  D.Whether pandas can survive depends on their ability of adaptation.

  27.Which is the best title for the passage?

  A.The Endangered Giant Pandas B.Saving Panda’s Food Source

  C.Protecting the Environment around US D.The Terrible Future of Pandas

  C

The 2014 Nobel Prize for Literature went to the French novelist“for the art of memory with which he has uncovered the life-world of the o
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ccupation”.Although the 69-year-old writer is a very popular literary figure in France,he is little known elsewhere.So who is this Patrick Modiano,why does his memory have such an influence upon him,and what exactly has he uncovered?

  Modiano was born in a suburb of Paris right after World War II ended in Europe in July 1945.His father was a Jewish-Italian businessman who met his Belgian actress mother during the Nazi occupation of Paris.

  As the New Yorker magazine put it,Europeans born in 1945 share a condition—they escaped the war,but“not the taint(污点)of the war”.

  Modiano’s life has been influenced by Nazi Germany’s occupation during the war,and his family’s connections to it.According to New York-based newspaper Forward,his father survived the War dishonorably.When Paris’Jews were brought together to be sent to concentration camps,the businessman did not join them but spent the time making money from deals with Nazis on the black market.

  “The novelist has a duty to record the lives of the people who have disappeared,the people who were made to disappear,”French writer Clemence Boulouque,also an expert in Jewish studies,told The New Yorker magazine.

  In his more than three dozen novels,Modiano has returned again and again to the same themes:Jewishness,the Nazi occupation,and loss of identity.His characters collect pieces of old evidence,handwriting,photographs,police files,and newspaper cuttings. His most admired novel,Missing Person,is a good example.It’s the story about a detective who has lost his memory.He tries to find out who he really is by following his own steps through history.

  Although Modiano’s win is a surprise outside France,people are celebrating in his home country. Modiano is the 15th French literature winner.After Le Clezio’s 2008 win,it seemed unlikely that there would be another so soon.

  28.What is the passage mainly about?

  A.A literary figure’s personal affairs.

  B.A famous novelist’s family background.

  C.A Nobel Prize winner and his literary achievement.

  D.European people’s sufferings during World War II.

  29.Which of the following statements about Patrick Modiano is TRUE according to the passage?

  A.He is a survivor of World War II.

  B.He tried to find back his lost identity.

  C.World War II has an impact on his life.

  D.He was world-famous before winning the Nobel Prize.

  30.Why did Modiano win the Nobel Prize?[来源:Z_xx_k.Com]

A.Becau
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se of his extraordinary character.

  B.Because of his unique way of recording history.

  C.Because of his characters’unusual experiences.

D.Be
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cause of his special connections to the war.

  31.What can be inferred from the passage?

  A.Modiano’s parents were sent to the concentration camp.

  B.Modiano’s winning the Nobel Prize was beyond expectation.

  C.Modiano’s father had nothing to do with the Nazis.

  D.Clemence Boulouque is also of Jewish origin.

  D

  Diet Coke,diet Pepsi,diet pills,no-fat diet,vegetable diet…We are surrounded by the word“diet”everywhere we look and listen.We have so easily been attracted by the promise and potential of diet products that we have stopped thinking about what diet products are doing to us.We ate paying for products that harm us psychologically and physically.

  Diet products significantly weaken us psychologically.On one level,we are not allowing our brain to admit that our weight problems lie not in actually losing the weight,but in controlling the consumption of fatty,high-calorie,unhealthy foods.Diet products allow us to jump over the thinking stage and go straight for the scale instead.All we have to do is to swallow or recognize the word“diet”in food labels.

  On another level,diet products have greater psychological effects.Every time we have a zero-calorie drink,we are telling ourselves without our awareness that we don’t have to work to get results.Diet products make people believe that gain comes without pain,and that life can be without resistance and struggle.

  The danger of diet products lies not only in the psychological effects they have on us,but also in the physical harm that they cause.Diet foods can indirectly harm our bodies because consuming them instead of healthy foods means we are preventing our bodies from having basic nutrients.Diet foods and diet pills contain zero calorie only because the diet industry has created chemicals to produce these wonder products.Diet products may not be nutritional,and the chemical that go into diet products are potentially dangerous.

  Now that we are aware of the effects that diet products have on us,it is time to seriously think about buying them.Losing weight lies in the power of minds,not in the power of chemicals.Once we realize this,we will be much better able to resist diet products,and therefore prevent the psychological and physical harm that comes from using them.

  32.What is the best title for the passage?

  A.Diet Products—A Great Way to Lose Weight

B
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.Diet Products—A Good Choice for Your Health

  C.The Diet Zone—A Dangerous Place

  D.Choosing Healthy Food—A Tough Job

  33.According to the passage,what can we know about the psychological effects of diet products?

  A.People tend to try out a variety of diet foods.

  B.People tend to hesitate before they enjoy diet foods.

  C.People tend to pay attention to their own eating habits.

  D.People tend to watch their weight rather than their diet.

  34.What does the underlined part in Paragraph 3 mean?

  A.Losing weight is effortless. B.It costs a lot to lose weight.

C.Diet products bring no pain. D.Diet products are free from
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calories.

  35.Which of the following statements does the author probably agree with?

A.Give it a second thought before
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buying diet products.

  B.Resist all the diet products indirectly when it comes to losing weight.

  C.Losing weight has nothing to do with your determination.

  D.Diet products guarantee that our bodies can get basic nutrients.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  The making of a movie usually begins with a script(剧本). 36 The producer is the person who is responsible for coordinating aspects of the film like budget and scheduling.The producer plans out how the project will be carried out and he usually starts by hiring a director!

  37 The director will usually identify themes or feelings that he or she wants the movie to convey to its audience and will then gather all the other people who will be needed,such as costume-designers,makeup artists,special effects crew,stuntmen,cameramen,and,of course,actors!

  Next,shooting begins ! 38 Often a director will want to get several“takes”(versions)of a scene or moment and usually only a few minutes of the movie are finished in one day’s work. 39 So once filming is completed,the director must then work with editors to piece them all together,deciding which takes to use and adding in any special effects or touch-ups.

  The entire process from acquiring the script to editing the scenes generally takes months or even years! 40 People can watch and enjoy it in the theatre.

  A.Once it’s ready,the finished movie is then distributed to movie theatres.

  B.Scenes are also usually not shot in order.

  C.The actual filming can be a slow process.

  D.The way that movies are made has changed a lot over time.

  E.It gets bought by a movie studio or a producer.

  F.The producer plays a very important role in making a movie.

  G.In movies,the director’s job is to bring the script to life on camera.[来源:Zxxk.Com]

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  We live in a heavily edited world.People in pictures are no longer people—they are perfect human beings whom we can only try,and 41 ,to live up to.And food in pictures is no longer food.It’s 42 ,something to make you desire a lifestyle while 43 you that you’re not part of it.

  But people are getting 44 and tired of such perfection,leading to something Pamela Grossman,a director at Getty Images,calls“perfection fatigue(疲劳)”.This new attitude is now 45 people to value something different:46 .

  The pizza company Domino’s,for example,is 47 the trend by encouraging its customers to 48 unedited pictures of their pizzas on social media,as part of the nofilter(未过滤的)movement that’s become so popular on Instagram.This may mean oily boxes.49 cheese and less-than-delicious-looking meat,but these 50 show what we’re actually 51 .

  “It’s 52 what it looks like when you really get a pizza,”Dennis Maloney,chief digital officer of Domino’s,told the website Fastcodesign.“It feels much more honest and transparent when the images are imperfect.”

  Things are also changing with perfect human images.For example,US clothing company Gap 53 a“Dress Normal”campaign in 2014, 54 simple clothes instead of smart suits like those of runway models.

  “We spend so much time trying to 55 our shortcomings owing to the fact that our 56 has set it up that we have to be 57 if we’re not perfect,”US filmmaker Cynthia Wade told The New York Times.“I think people are tired of it.They’re suddenly much more willing to 58 the ugly or sarcastic.”

  But while it’s probably true that we won’t see an 59 to“perfect”pictures any time soon,at least some people are starting to see that it can actually be 60 to be imperfect,or to use the name of one of American singer Grace VanderWaal’s albums,Perfectly Imperfect.

  41.A.choose B.fail C.aim D.intend

  42;A.artwork B.menu C.sign D.snack

  43.A.informing B.instructing C.warning D.reminding

  44.A.afraid B.capable C.sure D.sick

  45.A.forcing B.requiring C.driving D.expecting

  46.A.honesty B.patience C.kindness D.generosity

  47.A.focusing on B.taking on C.putting on D.relying on

  48.A.update B.post C.download D.correct

  49.A.1ight-colored B.half-filled C.dull-colored D.full-filled

  50.A.images B.dishes C.boxes D.bills

  51.A.getting B.seeking C.paying for D.hoping for

  52.A.absolutely B.extremely C.exactly D.definitely

  53.A.1aunched B.attended C.canceled D.demanded

  54.A.promising B.experiencing C.discussing D.promoting

  55.A.express B.find C.hide D.miss

  56.A.family B.culture C.country D.community

  57.A.tolerant B.satisfied C.confident D.ashamed

  58.A.accept B.hug C.resist D.adopt

  59.A.start B.end C.way D.choice

  60.A.relaxing B.exciting C.annoying D.appealing

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Personality is a hot topic in our daffy life.The way that people talk and behave may give you 61 general idea of what kind of people they are.But do the 62 (content)of their refrigerators also say something about:their personality?

  63 turns out that quite a lot of people in the US base their opinion of other people 64 (simple)on what’s in their fridges.

  This 65 (be)not without its reasons.According to personality assessment website DISC Insights,people 66 refrigerators are almost empty,for example,may be“need-based”shoppers and have a great need 67 self-contro1.Those 68 (jam)colorful fruits and food with fancy packaging into their refrigerators may have a fun personality.And if one’s refrigerator 69 (pack)with things they don’t really need,they are probably 70 (compete)and always looking for ways to get a better deal than everyone else.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后
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的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Recent years has seen a tendency in China that tourism is growing faster.According to a recent survey making by some experts,about 47% urban residents travel regularly,and 28%rural residents also make their tours through the country.The survey also shows that many people are interested in tourism,and will join the army in the future.

  Faced with this tendency,we can’t help explore some underlying factors that are responsible.In the very first place,with the policies of reform and opening up,Chinese people’s living standards have been great improved.Therefore,most of them can afford to travel around.What’s more,it is believed that people now take a more positive attitude to tourism,and regard it as life style. In addition to,tourism facilities are becoming better and better.For example,transportation develops fast,and many scene spots are available now.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  最近这一两年人工智能取得不少突破,当地时间2016年3月9日至15日,韩国首尔,韩国棋手李世石与围棋程序AlphaGo展开5局围棋“人机大战”比赛,AlphaGo以4:1打败世界围棋冠军李世石。对此,世界唏嘘不已,争议不断。人工智能与人类智能(生物智能)的竞争即将“短兵相接”。有人认为,是时候让人们重新思考人类与人工智能的关系。你认为,人工智能能战胜人类智能吗?

  注意:1.词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

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