2018年青岛市高三期初调研检测
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-19 08:36:23 本文来源于:
  2018年青岛市高三期初调研检测

  高三英语

  2018.9

  (考试时间:120分钟 试卷满分:150分)

  注意事项:

  1.答卷前,考生务必将自己的姓名、考生号等填写在答题卡上。

  2.回答选择题时,选出每小题答案后,用铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动,用橡皮擦干净后,再选涂其他答案标号。回答非选择题时,将答案写在答题卡上,写在本试卷上无效。

  3.考试结束后,将答题卡交回。

  第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1.How much did the man tip the woman?

  A.$10. B.$50. C.$100.

  2.What does the woman imply?

  A.She doesn’t like her present job.

  B.She wants to get a well-paid job.

  C.She is looking for a similar position.

  3.What does the woman want to do?

  A.Rent an apartment.

  B.Make an appointment.

  C.Put all advetisement.

  4.Who comes first in the exam?

  A.Lily B.Janet. C.Mary.

  5.What made the man happy yesterday?

  A.Going shopping. B.Seeing a film. C.Playing football.

  第二节(共15小题,每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6.What do we know about the man’s camera?

  A.It’s easy to operate.

  B.It’s only for professional use.

  C.It’s better than an Olympus E1.

  7.What does the man promise to the woman?

  A.Choose a camera for her.

  B.Take some photos of her.

  C.Watch a tennis match with her.

  听下面一段对话,回答第8和第9两个小题。

  8.When did the woman’s license become invalid?

  A.2 days ago. B.4 days ago. C.7 days ago.

  9.What will the woman get from home?

  A.Her passport. B.Her receipt. C.Her ID card.

  听下面一段对话,回答第10至第12三个小题。

  10.What does the man think of being a reporter?

  A.Boring. B.Relaxing. C.Interesting.

  11.What does the man do when he receives a tip?

  A.He rushes to report it.

  B.He calls the police at once.

  C.He writes all article immediately.

  12.What will the speakers do next?

  A.Take a break. B.Continue the interview. C.Report the news together.

  听下面一段对话,回答第13至第16四个小题。

  13.How are children basically tested?

  A.By individual talents.

  B.By after-school activities.

  C.By language and numerical ability.

  14.What does the man say about a child with an average IQ?

  A.He should study even harder.

  B.He may become successful.

  C.He is probably happier.

  15.What makes so many parents unhappy in the world?

  A.Their children’s being untalented.

  B.Their children’s failing in the exams.

  C.Their children’s abilities not being developed.

  16.What does the man value most?

  A.Making good use of one’s skills.

  B.Trying to be a good parent.

  C.Working harder for a successful life.

  听下面一段独白,回答第17至第20四个小题。

  17.Where is the park located?

  A.In West Africa. B.In Southeast Asia. C.In South America.

  18.What do we know about the park?

  A.There are over 900 types of plants.

  B.Visitors can’t get close to the birds.

  C.There’s a lot of room to walk around.

  19.How high is the waterfall?

  A.30 meters. B.50 meters. C.1 00 meters.

  20.When does the All Stars Bird Show start?

  A.At 9:00 am. B.At 5:00pm. C.At6:00pm.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  Researchers at Intel Security carried out a study of 1,000 parents in the UK that made up part of the research.More than 40 per cent said they were completely unaware of their children’s activity online.

  “Technology has revolutionized our home lives,with many parents relying on devices(设备) to help their children with learning and entertainment.”said Nick Viney,VP of Consumer at Intel Security.“However,we need to enable parents to actively manage how their families interact with those devices,to ensure the benefits continue to outweigh the potential risks.”

  As one of the world’s largest and highest valued semiconductor chip makers,Intel is urging parents to follow their series of tips if they are worded about what their kids might be up to on the Internet.

  Start conversations early:If you start talking about online safety early,it will make your job that much easier when your children get older. If your kids are young,start with simple rules like:“don’t open emails from people you don’t know.”You want online safety to be part of normal behavior.

  Set a good example:Set a positive example by limiting your time on social networks when at home and putting your phone away during dinner and family time.

  Keep strangers out:Most children have been using devices from all early age,desensitizing them to the potential risks of online behavior. A false sense of security can set in for children and they could be unknowingly interacting with a dangerous person posing as a teen.This isn’t just on social media networks;it applies to common services such as Uber,Lyft and Craigslist.Remind kids that anyone can create a profile and to decline friend requests from strangers.

  Take control of your home network:The home network is the center for all of your connected devices.New solutions,such as McAfee Secure Home Platform,help you easily manage and protect devices connected to this network while providing parental controls with permissions that can be tailored to the entire household.

  21.What’s the main idea of the passage?

  A.A research on online safety was done among UK parents.

  B.Intel announced new policies about semiconductor chip.

  C.Intel provided ways to monitor children’s online activity.

  D.Some effective ways to use smart devices at home.

  22.What can we infer from Nick Viney’s words in paragraph 2?

  A.It’s not necessary for Intel to carry out the study.

  B.Technology has brought a bad effect on children’s learning.

  C.The devices can be more beneficial than dangerous if used properly.

  D.Online security should be ensured by the Intel.

  23.What does the underlined part“desensitizing them to”mean according to the passage?

  A.Making them more aware of.

  B.Making them less sensitive to.

  C.Making them more concerned about.

  D.Making them easily understand.

  24.What should parents do according to Intel’s tips?

  A.Talk with their children about online safety as early as possible.

  B.Make full use of social networks to do business even at home.

  C.Allow their children to make friends with anyone on the Internet.

  D.Keep the devices connected to the network all the time.

  B

  PARIS—France on Monday offered citizenship to an illegal immigrant from Mali who climbed a Paris apartment block to save a boy who was about to fall from a fourth-floor balcony,President Emmanuel Macron said.

  Video shows Mamoudou Gassama,22,risking his life on Sunday as he climbed up the balconies to rescue the four-year-old who is holding a railing and glancing at the ground below,while horrified onlookers watched.The video went viral and Gassama,who has been nicknamed“Spider-Man”for reaching the boy in time,was swiftly granted a meeting at the Elysee Palace.

  “I did it because it was a child,”French newspaper Le Parisien quoted Gassama as saying.“I climbed……Thank God I saved him.”Macron congratulated Gassama for“an exceptional act”and said France would give him a job in the emergency services.“We’11 obviously be setting all your papers straight and if you wish it,we will start the process of naturalization so that you can become French.What you have done corresponds with what firefighters do;if this fits your wishes,you could join the firefighters’corps(消防队)so that you call do such acts on a daily basis,”he said.Ministers said the citizenship process would be sped up,although Gassama can’t legally be granted it right away.

  Adam Thiam,a Malian analyst and former presidential advisor told Reuters that Gassama’s act had been praised in his home country.“There is great pride here in Mali,”Thiam said.“But while(Gassama)gets the honours,there are…Malian citizens under the threat of being expelled(驱逐)by the French government.”

  Gassama told Paris Mayor Anne Hidalgo by phone on Sunday he arrived from Mali a few months ago and wished to stay in France.Gassama is being offered community service work at the Paris emergency services.

  25.What’s the best title of the news?

  A.President Macron met Gassama for his video.

  B.France announced new policies to reject refugees(难民).

  C.An illegal immigrant in France saved a child in time.

  D.France offered citizenship to a Malian immigrant who saved a child.

  26.What was people’s reaction to Gassama’s act?

  A.People took no notice of it. B.People hated it because of the virus.

  C.It spread quickly among people. D.Other Malian citizens laughed at him.

  27.What can we infer from the last two paragraphs?

  A.Gassama’s act caused little effect in his hometown.

  B.Some Malian in France will get French citizenship because of Gassama.

  C.Gassama didn’t want to accept the government’s offer at a11.

  D.What Gassama did was rewarded in France

  C

  After the summer break,Demi’s children returned to school this month and found a new class added to theft schedules:happiness.

  It wasn’t a welcome-back joke.In a country where top universities demand average test scores above 98 percent and where cheating on final high school exams is organized by a“‘mafia”that includes teachers and school officials,the Delhi government’s reform marks a shift of emphasis from student performance to well-being.

  “We have given best-of-the-best professionals to industry,”said Manish Sisodia,Delhi’s education minister,“…But have we been able to deliver best-of-the-best human beings to society,to the nation?”

  Sisodia’s happiness classes represent a revolutionary experiment in a country known for its rigid,bookish education system,which has helped strengthen a new middle class over the past three decades but is also criticized for encouraging rote(死记硬背的)learning and causing high stress levels.Under the program,1 00,000 Delhi students spend the first half-hour of each school day without opening a textbook,learning instead through inspirational stories and activities,as well as meditation(冥想)exercises.

  Some teachers,though,remain unconvinced.For one thing,they say,the public schools are too crowded for a curriculum based so heavily on classroom interaction.Others doubt that the happiness classes can change the culturally entrenched(根深蒂固的)emphasis on exams and memorization.Geeta Gandhi Kingdon,chair of education,economics and international development at University College London,said that there haven’t been any studies to assess theft workability.“Anecdotally,I know in some schools they are just another box-ticking exercise,”she said.

  28.Why does the schools in Delhi add a new curriculum?

  A.To make the class livelier.

  B.To welcome the students back.

  C.To prevent cheat on exams.

  D.To emphasize the education of well-being.

  29.What can we infer from Manish Sisodia’s words?

  A.India has the best education in the world.

  B.India has cultured the best human beings to society.

  C.India is not good at educating professionals.

  D.India’s education system is imperfect.

  30.Which of the following best explains“rigid”underlined in paragraph 4?

  A.vivid B.flexible C.stubborn D.exciting

  31.What’s Geeta Gandhi Kingdon’s opinion on the new curriculum?

  A.She thinks it helps to change the present situation.

  B.She thinks it works well in the schools.

  C.She thinks some schools don’t take it seriously.

  D.She thinks students will benefit from it.

  D

  The northernmost part of the earth is warming two to three times faster than the rest of the planet.This means the melting sea ice is opening new routes for shipping.The melting ice has cleared space through the historically dangerous Northwest Passage,and the Northern Sea Route,along Russia’s northern coast.This has sharply increased shipping in what was once a largely untouched ocean.

  Hauser,a biologist,said she was interested in studying the possible threat to Arctic marine mammals from shipping.She said her hope was to protect both these animals and the people who depend on them.

  The study found that narwhals and other whales were most at risk to ship traffic during the late summer.Polar bears were on the contrary,with walruses and seals in between.

  These findings did not surprise the researchers.Narwhals and belugas are used to living in an extremely quiet world.The noise of ice-breaking boats and other ships is extremely unsettling to marine mammals.That underwater noise is a disturbance for marine mammals,especially different whale species that rely on sound pretty much to do everything.Furthermore,they have more contact with ships in the Northwest Passage,which receives more shipping than the Northern Sea Route.This means they are the most at risk of all the Arctic marine mammals.

  Polar bears,however,seem to be the most ready to deal with shipping during September.At that time of year,polar bears tend to be either on land or they followed the pack ice north.This means they did not have contact with the same level of noise as the marine mammals like whales and seals.They also,Hauser notes,are not as sensitive to noise from ships.“They don’t use sound in the same way as the other marine mammals do,”she said.

  In order to help protect marine animals,the researchers suggest requiring ships to move at slower speeds to reduce the chance of striking.They also proposed a limit on the amount of noise ships can make.They say that it is unrealistic to try and stop people from using Arctic passageways.However,by understanding which animals are at risk,researchers can help plan for the future.

  32.Why did Hauser’s team conduct the research?

  A.To study the effect on the mammals brought by the new shipping route.

  B.To learn the situation of melting ice.

  C.To study the life style of mammals.

  D.To learn the effect caused by global warming.

  33.Which of the following is the least in danger?

  A.Narwhals B.Polar bears C.Walruses D.Seals

  34.Which is NOT the reason for whales being most at risk to ship traffic?

  A.They are sensitive to noise.

  B.They depend more on sound to do things.

  C.They have more contact with ships.

  D.The can’t see the ship clearly.

  35.What suggestions do the researchers give to protect marine mammals?

  A.To stop ships using the passageways.

  B.To reduce the activity of people in Arctic area.

  C.To reduce the speed and noise of the ship.

  D.To change the living environment of the mammals.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Many people have been making fun of Paris Hilton online recently.The 36-year-old US actress and model said on social media that she“invented”the selfie(自拍)in 2006,posting a photo of her and Britney Spears as“proof”. 36 .They posted evidence of selfies that appeared much earlier in history.

  In one example,a user posted a selfie that Buzz Aldrin,the famous astronaut,took of himself in space in 1966.But perhaps the funniest example was a black-and-white selfie that was taken by American photographer Robert Cornelius in 1839. 37 .

  Why do people love to take selfies so much? Is it because we’re naturally vain(虚荣的)and proud? 38 .So we take photos of ourselves,post them online and wait for people to give us compliments(称赞).

  39 .For example,if you take one while you’re on holiday and post it online,criminals might see it and know that you area’t home.They then might break into your home while you’re away.

  There are even people who have died while taking selfies.According to Forbes magazine,127 people around the world died while taking selfies from 2014 to 2016.It can be very dangerous to take selfies while standing near high places,like roofs and cliffs.Taking selfies underwater or on gain tracks is also quite dangerous. 40 .No selfie is worth risking your life for-no matter how good it might look.

  A.So be careful out there

  B.It is quite possibly the first ever selfie

  C.Taking selfies can be dangerous,though

  D.Internet users immediately proved her wrong

  E.Posting selfies also allows you to control your image online

  E.Maybe it’s actually the opposite—perhaps we feel insecure or shy

  G.But taking a selfie is much more than just holding your smartphone in the air

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  I have been spending more time recently with people that some might say are less fortunate.I had a(an) 41 interaction(交往)this past week,when I had the privilege of being the one who 42 kindness.

  I was speaking to a gentleman who is 43 on his luck,so to speak.We were just 44 and getting to know each other for a while.Towards the end of our evening he said he wanted to 45 me a hamburger at the near by fast food restaurant.In my principle,I would have 46 that he let me buy him a meal,since he had a greater 47 than I. But I have also been taught the 48 of being a good receiver,too.So I told him if he 49 wanted to do that I would be happy to 50 a meal with him.

  It was 51 !He was so happy to be able to do something like that and he 52 the entire time.Why am I to deprive(剥夺)someone of the wonderful feeling of 53 ? We shared some great conversation and I could see it 54 so much to him.As we 55 ways,instead of me feeling 56 that he probably spent his last few dollars on our 57 ,I smiled with a wonderful sense of connection and 58 .It’s not only fun to be a receiver of 59 ,but this also gives someone else the 60 to be the giver.That is also important.

  41.A.terrible B.wonderful C.unbelievable D.unbearable

  42.A.shares B.1oves C.appreciates D.receives

  43.A.down B.red C.hot D.back

  44.A.quarrelling B.walking C.talking D.asking

  45.A.sell B.award C.buy D.take

  46.A.insisted B.refused C.enjoyed D.agreed

  47.A.appetite B.figure C.taste D.need

  48.A.happiness B.importance C.1esson D.way

  49.A.directly B.completely C.really D.frankly

  50.A.share B.make C.order D.prepare

  51.A.pitiful B.scaring C.impossible D.great

  52.A.nodded B.smiled C.talked D.sighed

  53.A.communicating B.spending C.giving D.eating

  54.A.meant B.cost C.hurt D.took

  55.A.ended B.parted C.pushed D.made

  56.A.relaxed B.excited C.calm D.bad

  57.A.meal B.conversation C.deal D.work

  58.A.greed B.advantage C.entertainment D.gratitude

  59.A.tolerance B.donation C.kindness D.1uck

  60.A.fight B.chance C.request D.excuse

  第二节:(共10小题,每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Scientists in Australia declare proudly that they 61 (develop)the world’s first blood test to find a deadly skin cancer in its early stages.They say the test could save thousands of 62 (1ife)each year.

  Nowadays, 63 (check)for all kinds of skin cancers,doctors examine or remove a small piece of patients’skin.But researchers say the new blood test can detect one of the deadliest kinds of skin cancer,melanoma,sooner 64 other methods.In the research 65 (involve)about 200 people,the blood test found early stages of melanoma in more than 80 percent of cases.

  The leader researcher,Professor Mel Ziman, 66 group conducted this research,said,“If a thin melanoma is identified early and it’s removed,you have 67 98 to 99 percent chance of five to ten years 68 (survive).”

  However,the number of people who survive from melanoma will drop 69 (sharp)if the skin cancer is in later stages and has spread to other organs.The World Health Organization says about 132,000 people are diagnosed(诊断)with melanoma every year.Australia and New Zealand have the 70 (high)rates.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题:每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Dear Tom,

  I'm glad to hear that you are interesting in Guoxue.Let me give you a simply introduction to it.

  Generally speaking,Guoxue refer to the excellent traditional Chinese culture,that includes philosophy,literature,history,music,painting and so on.Guoxue has been playing an important part in China,especially for them students.Not only does it tell to us how to study,but it also taught us how to live.

  If you want to get better understanding of Guoxue,you are welcome to China to learn it.You’11 benefit from living in two different culture.I'm looking forward to see you soon in China.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  第二节:书面表达(满分25分)

  假定你是李华,你的英国笔友Tom原打算暑假来参加第28届青岛国际啤酒节,但因故未能成行,颇感遗憾。请你根据下列提示给他写一封E-mail,介绍啤酒节的盛况,并邀请他来参加下届啤酒节。

  1.本届啤酒节规模空前,设有6个会场;

  2.现场活动有品酒,赛酒,表演,美食等;

  3.你参加啤酒节的感受。

  注意:1.词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  参考词汇:青岛国际啤酒节Qingdao’International Beer Festival

  会场 venue

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