2018-2019学年高二上学期训练卷   选修六 Unit3 A healthy life
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-19 08:35:30 本文来源于:
  陕西省宝鸡中学

  2018-2019学年高二上学期训练卷

  选修六 Unit3 A healthy life

  英 语 (二)

  注意事项:

  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。

  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

  Ⅰ. 阅读理解

  Popular culture often shows alcohol as a big part of the college experience in the United States. Television programs and movies about American college life have images of wild parties with young people either drinking alcohol or holding a drink.

  Now, a new study of alcohol use suggests that some college students may be missing meals so they can have more drinks or get drunk faster. Researchers are calling this kind of behavior “drunkorexia”.

  The study involved 1, 184 college students between the ages of 18 and 26. Researchers found that 80 percent of those studied had demonstrated some kind of drunkorexia in the past three months. They had performed heavy physical exercise, eaten low calorie meals or even missed meals for up to a full day before drinking alcohol.

  Dipali Rinker organized the study and presented its findings to the Research Society on Alcoholism in June. She says students see drunkorexia as a way to keep their body weight down while drinking alcohol. And it causes them to feel the effects of alcohol quickly and with more intensity(强度). Rinker says unhealthy eating habits are only one of the reasons why this type of behavior is dangerous. Heavy drinking is linked to drunk driving, unprotected sex, and alcohol poisoning.

  George Koob, who directs a U. S. governmental agency that studies alcohol related problems, says that the percent of students using alcohol has not increased in recent years. But what worries him is that the number of students drinking to the point of “blacking out” has increased. Blacking out is when a person drinks so much alcohol he has no memory of his actions when drunk.

  Koob notes that college students in Canada and Europe also face issues with alcohol. But he feels a big part of the problem is that Americans do not fully understand alcohol’s effects. Most people do not know the part of the brain where decisions are made is not fully developed until age 25 and that alcohol harms the development of that part of the brain, he adds.

  【文章大意】文章描述美国大学生饮酒过量的现象, 以及饮酒过量所带来的后果。

  1. What is the purpose of the behavior “drunkorexia”?

  A. To get drunk.

  B. To drink more alcohol.

  C. To take exercise.

  D. To lose weight.

  【答案】D

  【解析】选D。细节理解题。根据第四段内容She says students see drunkorexia as a way to keep their body weight down while drinking alcohol. 她说学生们喝酒时把drunkorexia作为一种减轻体重的方法。

  2. What can heavy drinking result in?

  A. Unhealthy eating habits.

  B. Drunkorexia.

  C. Alcohol poisoning.

  D. Quick response.

  【答案】C

  【解析】选C。细节理解题。根据第四段列出的过度饮酒所导致的结果Heavy drinking is linked to drunk driving, unprotected sex, and alcohol poisoning. 可知选C。

  3. Which of the following is the result of blacking out?

  A. Missing meals.

  B. Forgetting something one did.

  C. Having unprotected sex.

  D. Operating a vehicle when drunk.

  【答案】B

  【解析】选B。细节理解题。根据第五段中关于blacking out的说明Blacking out is when a person drinks so much alcohol he has no memory of his actions when drunk. blacking out是一个人喝太多酒时, 对他喝醉酒时的行为失去记忆的时刻。可知blacking out的结果是忘记一个人所做的事。故选B。

  4. By writing the passage, the writer aims to ________.

  A. show heavy drinking and its harm

  B. show American college life

  C. introduce American culture

  D. explain harmful behaviors

  【答案】A

  【解析】选A。目的意图题。通读全文可看出, 文章介绍了美国大学生过度饮酒的现象, 以及过度饮酒所造成的伤害。故作者的写作目的就是显示过度饮酒和它的危害。

  Ⅱ. 完形填空

  I guess the day I went to college was one of the happiest of my mother’s life. I still remember the day we 1  there.

  Because, to my mother who dropped out of school during the war, this was a big  2  , on which she insisted that I 3 a white shirt and a necktie. But when we finally reached the campus and got off the car, we were 4 by young men in tank tops (背心)and shorts. I felt that my mother made me  5 .

  She wanted to know where the  6  was, and found someone to give us  7 , “Charley, look at all the books! ” she felt  8 . “You could stay here all four years. ”

  Everywhere we went she kept  9 . “Look! That small area—you could study there. ” And, “Look, that cafeteria table, you could eat there. ” I  10  it because I knew she would be leaving soon.

  An hour later, I carried my trunk to the stairwell of my dormitory. My mother was holding my two baseball bats.

  “Here, ” I said,  11  my hand, “I’ll take the  12 . ”

  “I’ll go up with you. ”

  “No, it’s all right. ”

  “ 13  I want to see your room. ”

  I couldn’t think of anything else that wouldn’t  14  her feelings, so I just pushed my hand out farther. Her face  15  and handed me the bats.

  “Charley, ” she said. Her voice was  16  now, and it sounded different. “Give your mother a kiss. ” I leaned forward. She threw her arms  17  my neck and drew me close. I could smell her perfume and her hair spray that she used for this  18  day.

  I pulled away, lifted the trunk, and began my climb,  19  my mother in the stairwell of a dormitory, as close as she would  20  get to a college education.

  1. A. walked   B. flew   C. drove   D. cycled

  2. A. situation B. occasion C. choice D. decision

  3. A. wear B. bring C. buy D. find

  4. A. respected B. gathered C. followed D. surrounded

  5. A. awesome B. admirable C. remarkable D. ridiculous

  6. A. library B. laboratory C. restaurant D. dormitory

  7. A. signals B. suggestions C. directions D. instructions

  8. A. annoyed B. amazed C. nervous D. calm

  9. A. thinking  B. pointing C. complaining D. wandering

  10. A. welcomed B. stopped C. tolerated D. hated

  11. A. giving out B. taking back C. putting up D. holding out

  12. A. trunk B. bats C. clothes D. books

  13. A. But B. Still C. So D. And

  14. A. hide B. protect C. hurt D. ignore

  15. A. fell B. shone C. brightened D. moved

  16. A. clearer B. stronger C. louder D. softer

  17. A. around B. by C. in D. on

  18. A. regular B. common C. special D. hard

  19. A. forgetting B. leaving C. considering D. recognizing

  20. A. seldom B. never C. always D. ever

  【文章大意】本文为一篇记叙文, 主要讲述了一名承载着母亲大学梦的年轻人和自己的母亲初入大学的校门的所见所闻, 其间详细描述了母亲对于儿子的不舍以及对于自己儿子的期望, 在文章最后用一系列详细入微的描写表达出了母亲与儿子之间深深的母子情感。

  【答案】1-5 CCADD 6-10 ACBBC 11-15 DBACA 16-20 DACBD

  【解析】

  1. 选C。通过下文中got off the car可以判定他们是开车来到学校。

  2. 选C。句意: 因为对于我母亲, 一个战争中辍学的人来说, 这是一个重大选择。choice决定, 抉择, 符合题意。situation情况, occasion情景, 场景; decision决定。

  3. 选A。wear穿……, 符合题意, 文章中是要描述主人公穿着正式来到学校。

  4. 选D。be surrounded by. . . 被……包围, 为固定搭配。

  5. 选D。awesome 敬畏的; admirable 受人钦佩的; remarkable 卓越的; ridiculous 荒唐的, 滑稽的。通过综合分析文章情景, 可知选D。

  6. 选A。通过下文中的描述, 介绍主人公带了许多书以及母亲时时刻刻都叮嘱自己要学习, 故library最贴合题意。

  7. 选C。signal记号; suggestion建议; direction方向; instructions说明。前文说想知道图书馆在哪里, 故此处表示问路, 故选C。

  8. 选B。amazed惊奇的, 符合题意; annoyed烦扰的, 干扰的; nervous紧张的; calm平静的。

  9. 选B。文章中母亲来到校园之后不停地向儿子介绍各种建筑物, 所以pointing符合题意。

  10. 选C。tolerate 忍受。根据后文, 作者知道母亲很快就会离开, 所以就默默忍受这一切。

  11. 选D。give out 分发, 分配; take back 带回, 收回; put up张贴, 举起; hold out维持, 坚持, 伸出。根据语境, 此处表示作者伸出手想拿球拍。

  12. 选B。根据下文中提示的handed me the bats, 故选B。

  13. 选A。通过阅读上下文可发现本处是表达转折的关系。

  14. 选C。hurt one’s feeling 意为伤害某人的情感。

  15. 选A。在文章中Her face fell 意为母亲的脸拉了下来, 表达出母亲此时此刻悲伤失落的心情。

  16. 选D。此刻母亲的声音比刚才要温柔了, 表达出母亲对儿子的不舍之情, 故选D。

  17. 选A。throw one’s arms around one’s neck意为用胳膊环抱住某人。

  18. 选C。文章想要表达母亲为了这个特殊的日子精心地准备了一番, 故选C。

  19. 选B。文中要表述将母亲一人留在了宿舍楼的楼梯井处。

  20. 选D。文中想要表达母亲曾经也接受过大学教育, 故ever符合题意和文章内容。

  Ⅲ. 语法填空

  阅读下面短文, 在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Dr. Barone has helped many kids smile who were born with defects(缺陷), including me. She did my first operations when I was a baby, which were the most important and 1. ________(effect).

  I don’t remember the first two operations very well. but I do recall 2.

\

  third. Dr. Barone was kind and eased me into the process. She let me choose my sleep medicine, 3.

\

  (make)sure that I was okay. I recently saw a picture of me before my operation, and I know 4.

\

  a big job she did.

  Dr. Barone 5. ________(operate)on people with all types of birth defects. She also goes to other countries where people cannot afford this treatment and helps them 6. ________ free.

  Many people benefit from her new ways 7.

\

  (invent)to fix birth defects of the head and face. She has won many awards. A few of the most recent 8. ________(be)Best Doctors in America, America’s Top Plastic Surgery, and many others.

  Dr. Barone was my doctor when I was a kid, and even though I was 9. ________(probable) just another patient to her, to me she was 10. ________(much)than just my doctor. She was and is my hero, and she gave me back my smile.

  【文章大意】本文作者主要介绍了一位为有各种出生缺陷的人做手术的医生——Barone医生; 文中作者结合自己的三次手术经历, 主要表达了对Barone医生的赞扬与感激之情。

  【答案】

  1. effective 2. the 3. making 4. what 5. operates

  6. for 7. invented 8. are 9. probably 10. more

  【解析】

  1. effective。考查形容词。此处与形容词important一起在句中作表语, 意为有效的。故用形容词effective。

  2. the。考查定冠词。根据上文 the first two operations提到的是“前两次手术”可知, 此处指的应是第三次。故在序数词third前加the。

  3. making。考查现在分词。此处在句中作结果状语, 由于动词make与其逻辑主语She是主谓关系, 故用现在分词making。

  4. what。考查感叹句中的引导词。本句中的宾语从句是一个感叹句, 由于此处用来修饰名词job, 故用what。

  5. operates。考查时态。根据上下文都使用了一般现在时可知, 此处指的是Barone医生现在的工作状况, 由于主语 Dr. Barone是第三人称单数形式, 故用operates。

  6. for。考查固定搭配。for free意为免费。

  7. invented。考查过去分词。此处在句中作后置定语, 修饰名词ways, 由于动词invent与该名词构成动宾关系, 故用invented。

  8. are。考查时态以及主谓一致。此处介绍的是Barone医生近来获奖的情况, 应使用一般现在时; 由于主语A few of the most recent指的是最近的几个奖项, 故用are。

  9. probably。考查副词。此处用来修饰动词, 故用probably。

  10. more。考查形容词的比较级。根据句中的连词than可知, 此处表示的是两者之间的比较, 故用形容词的比较级more。

  Ⅳ. 短文改错

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文, 请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加: 在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧), 并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除: 把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改: 在错的词下划一横线, 并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意: 1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处, 多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  People always communicate with words. Do you think you can communicate with words? A smile on your face shows you are happily or friendly. Tears in eyes told others that you are sad. When you put down your hand in class, the teacher knows they want to say something. Other things can also express message. For example, a sign at the bus stop helps you know that which bus to take. Signs on the door tell you whether to go in and out. Have you ever seen that there is a lot of signs around you and that you receive messages from them all time?

  【答案】

  People always communicate with words. Do you think you can communicate with

  without

  words? A smile on your face shows you are happily or friendly. Tears in eyes told others

  happy tell

  that you are sad. When you put down your hand in class, the teacher knows they want to

  up you

  say something. Other things can also express message. For example, a sign at the bus

  messages

\

  stop helps you know that which bus to take. Signs on the door tell you whether to go in and out. Have you ever seen that there is a lot of signs around you and that you receive

  or are

  messages from them all∧ time?

  the

  【解析】

  1.第二句with改为without。句意: 你认为你能不用话语来交流吗?

  2. 第三句happily改为happy。根据原文中are可知后面应用形容词, happily为副词。

  3. 第四句told改为tell。主语为tears, 且全文时态为一般现在时。

  4. 第五句down改为up。put up one’s hand 是举手之意, put down是放下之意。根据后文 want to say something可知应为举手。

  5. 第五句they改为you。全文用第二人称, 故将they改成you。

  6. 第六句message改为messages。express后面无冠词, 应用复数形式。

  7. 第七句去掉that。此处which引导的宾语从句, that多余。

  8. 第八句and改为or。whether. . . or. . . 固定搭配。

  9. 最后一句is改为are。signs为复数, 故将is改为are。

  10. 最后一句time前加the。all the time 一直, 始终。

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