陕西省宝鸡中学   2018-2019学年高二上学期训练卷
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-19 08:09:13 本文来源于:

  陕西省宝鸡中学

  2018-2019学年高二上学期训练卷

  选修六 Unit3 A healthy life

  英 语 (一)

  注意事项:

  1.答题前,先将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在试题卷和答题卡上,并将准考证号条形码粘贴在答题卡上的指定位置。

  2.选择题的作答:每小题选出答案后,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑,写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  3.非选择题的作答:用签字笔直接答在答题卡上对应的答题区域内。写在试题卷、草稿纸和答题卡上的非答题区域均无效。

  4.考试结束后,请将本试题卷和答题卡一并上交。

  一、单句语法填空

  1.This included digging up the road, ________ (lay) the track and then building a strong roof over the top.

  2.The resistance to vaccine has continued for decades, and it is ________ (drive) by a real but very small risk.

  3.Would you please turn your radio down a little? I'm tired now and feel like ________ (sleep).

  4.________ (strengthen) his position in the country, he appointed his close friend Henry as head of the troops.

  5.Nothing is ________ (stress) than going on a business trip with our boss.

  6.________ (abuse) his position as mayor to give jobs to his friends, William is now under investigation.

  7.The school makes it a regulation that students should be banned ________ bringing cellphones to school.

  8.________ (addict) to online shopping for too long, according to a survey conducted recently, will greatly decrease people's desire to take part in social activities.

  9.He only gave an ________ (embarrass) smile when she spilled the water onto him.

  10.Tom's mother kept telling him that he should work harder, but ________ didn't help.

  【答案】

  1.laying  2.driven  3.sleeping  4.To strengthen 5.more stressful

  6.Having abused 7.from  8.Being addicted 9.embarrassed  10.it

  【解析】

  二、单句改错

  1.There he decided to give the cello (大提琴) a chance.When he began practice, he took it very seriously.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  2.You should go in wanting to understand if this place is a good fit to you.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  3.When he was abroad, he began to take drugs and became addict to drugs.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  4.I'm not a little tired today after giving the room a thorough cleaning and I have never had as more tiring a day as today.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  5.Next time you will pay a visit to Shanghai, I will show you around.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  6.The conference has been held to discuss the effects of tourism to the wildlife in the area.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  7.Growing up in the country, he is used to get up early.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  8.Like most other creatures, we did need darkness.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  9.It's a waste of time playing games and it will have a bad affect on their study.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  10.That Barbara Jones offers to her fans is honesty and happiness.

  _______________________________________________________________________

  【答案】

  1.practice→practicing  2.第二个to→for

  3.addict→addicted  4.去掉more

  5.去掉第一个will 6.第二个to→on/upon

  7.get→getting  8.did→do

  9.affect→effect  10.That→What

  【解析】

  三、完形填空

  I was watching a TV series one night when I took in one scene.A young man was seeking his community votes, and people __1__ wanted to know why they should give him their __2__.He took them to his house and on every __3__ in his house was the word “Faith” pasted.People raised lots of __4__ to find out why the word was pasted on his mirrors.He said, “My dad often __5__ me to believe that as long as you have __6__, you should have faith.Every time you look into the mirror, you're looking at yourself and see ‘Faith’.”

  The __7__ I learned from this is simple—faith is a living thing and in the same way we're all __8__ given 24 hours a day and we're all given the same measure of faith.Faith keeps us going when things get __9__! Why is some people's faith stronger than that of others? Exercise! If we choose to exercise our faith, it will __10__; but if we choose not to, it remains weak.Some people might __11__ that they don't have faith, but we all practice faith every day even if we don't __12__ it as faith.Daily __13__, such as studying, investing or reaching for a dream, take faith.

  Faith __14__ hearing and doing.I made a decision yesterday—to __15__ reading the newspaper full of too much sad and __16__ news.Why? Because I __17__ there was a drop of my mental state after reading the newspapers.

  Faith, when it's put to __18__, becomes a beautiful thing.It lifts your mental state to a higher place that __19__ you to raise yourself up and declare, “Yes, I can.” So make the decision today to strengthen your faith by __20__ it.

  1.A.bravely B.briefly C.mostly D.finally

  2.A.support B.instruction C.pity D.information

  3.A.wall B.mirror C.picture D.book

  4.A.voices B.questions C.money D.standards

  5.A.teaches B.permits C.forces D.promises

  6.A.health B.breath C.wealth D.success

  7.A.lesson B.view C.choice D.example

  8.A.luckily B.freely C.equally D.frequently

  9.A.strange B.different C.smooth D.rough

  10.A.stay B.return C.slow D.grow

  11.A.argue B.realize C.understand D.predict

  12.A.agree B.appreciate C.admire D.acknowledge

  13.A.services B.steps C.tasks D.experiments

  14.A.dreams of B.comes from C.feels like D.keeps on

  15.A.consider B.delay C.stop D.risk

  16.A.false B.genuine C.latest D.negative

  17.A.heard B.noticed C.declared D.explained

  18.A.check B.list C.work D.sleep

  19.A.warns B.causes C.orders D.forbids

  20.A.exercising B.forming C.obtaining D.thinking

  【答案】1-5CABBA 6-10BACDD 11-15 ADCBC 16-20 DBCBA

  【解析】这是一篇夹叙夹议文。电视剧中一位年轻人家中的每一面镜子上都贴着“Faith”这个字的情节引发了作者的深思。是啊,信念,当它起作用时,就是一件美好的礼物,它可以使人们鼓足勇气、奋力拼搏。

  1.C 根据上文,此处表示“一个年轻人正在社区里为自己拉票,而多数人都想知道他有什么理由可以让他们支持他”。

  2.A 根据上文“seeking his community votes...”可知,人们想知道为什么要给他支持。support支持。

  3.B 根据下文提到“the word was pasted on his mirrors”可知选B。

  4.B 根据下文“why the word was pasted on his mirrors”,可知此处表示人们提出问题想了解实情。raise questions提出问题。

  5.A 本句表示父亲教导“我”人生的道理。teach sb.to do sth.教某人做某事。

  6.B 根据上下文可知,把faith这个词贴在镜子上是为了每一次照镜子时都能看到它。这说明父亲让他相信信念非常重要,只要活着,我们就要有信仰。have breath表示“活着”。

  7.A 破折号后的内容是作者从这一电视剧情节中学到的重要的一课。lesson教训;课。

  8.C 根据下文“24 hours a day”判断,我们每个人的一天同样都是24小时。equally同样地。

  9.D 根据常识可知,当事情变得艰难时,更能显出信念的作用。get rough变得艰难。

  10.D 本句对比了两种情况:选择经受磨炼,信念就会增强;选择逃避磨炼,信念就会仍然薄弱。grow增强。

  11.A 作者认为有些人可能会有不同意见,他们也许会争辩说,他们没有信念。argue争辩。

  12.D 联系上文可知,作者对这些人的驳斥是:我们每天都在践行它,即使我们不承认那就是信念。acknowledge承认。

  13.C 此空后列举的内容都是我们的日常活动,故用task。

  14.B 此空表示信念来自于你所听和所做的事。come from来自。

  15.C 根据空后内容可知,看了那些报纸后,作者总会情绪低落。因此,要树立信念,作者应该是决定以后不再看那些有负面影响的报纸了。

  16.D 联系上下文可知,此处所需词汇应与sad同义,表示“悲伤和负面的消息”。

  17.B 读了那样的内容,作者应该注意到了自己情绪的低落。notice注意到。

  18.C 当践行信念时,它会变成一个美好的东西,一件美丽的人生礼物。put...to work表示“使工作、使起作用”。

  19.B 句意:信念能把你的精神状态提升到更高的高度,促使你提升自我,并宣称:“是的,我能。” cause sb.to do sth.意为“导致,使某人做某事”。warn sb.意为“警告某人(远离危险或坏事)”。

  20.A 根据第二段“If we choose to exercise our faith, it will...”可知此处应选exercise (锻炼)。

  四、语法填空

  The work of being admitted to a university begins early for some students.Long 1.________ they graduate from high school, these students take special courses to prepare for 2.________ (advance) study.They may also take one or more examinations that test how well prepared they are for the university.In the final year of high school,they complete 3.________ (apply) and send them to the universities 4.________ interest them most.Some high school students may be required to have an interview with people from the university.5.________ (neat) dressed and a little bit frightened,they are determined to show that they have 6.________ good attitude and the ability to succeed.

  If the new students 7.________ (accept),many universities will offer an instruction program for them 8.________ (get) to know the procedures for students' advising,university rules,the use of the library and all the other major services of the university.

  Beginning a new life in a new place can be very 9.________ (confuse).The more knowledge students have about the school, the 10.________ (easy) it will be for them to adapt to the new environment.However,it takes time to get accustomed to college life.

  【答案】

  1.before 2.advanced 3.applications 4.that/which 5.Neatly

  6.a 7.are accepted 8.to get 9.confusing 10.easier

  【解析】本文是记叙文。很多学生很早就开始为进入大学做准备,进入大学后,他们需要了解很多的东西。虽然一个人刚进入一个新的环境会迷惑,但是对这个环境了解得越多,他就会越适应。然而,这些终归都是需要时间的。

  1.before long before意为“很久以前”。

  2.advanced 此处用形容词修饰名词study,advanced意为“高级的,高等的;高深的”。

  3.applications 此处为名词做宾语,根据“and them”可知用复数。故填applications。

  4.that/which 分析句子结构可知,此处应为定语从句的关系词;先行词为“universities”,指物,所以用that/which引导。

  5.Neatly 修饰形容词应用副词,故填neatly。

  6.a 此处泛指“拥有好的态度”,用不定冠词a。

  7.are accepted if条件句用一般现在时表示将来,“学生”与“录取”为被动关系,故用一般现在时的被动语态。

  8.to get 此处为 for sb.to do sth.结构,在句中做目的状语。

  9.confusing 现在分词做形容词在句中做表语,主语为“Beginning a new life”。

  10.easier 分析句子结构可知,此处为 “the+比较级,the+比较级”句型,意为“越……就越……”。

  五、阅读理解

  When going through major life changes, like changing careers, I would change the people with whom I spent the most time.We've all gone through periods when the people in our lives have changed—graduation, moving to a new city, getting a new job, joining a new club, etc.I don't think I need to convince you just how much influence other people can have over your identity.If you've ever experienced a major switch in your people environment, then you know that you change as well.

  Most people don't make these choices consciously (意识到地) though.You might consciously decide to spend more time with a certain friend, or you may ask someone out on a date to begin a new relationship.But few people choose their existing friendships deliberately.

  There's no “getting rid of people”.People are always dropping into and out of each other's lives.Associations grow into friendships, and friendships fade into associations.You don't get rid of anyone.The truth is that in order to make room for new people and new experiences, you may need to loosen up some of your existing connections.

  What about loyalty (忠诚)? Shouldn't you always be loyal to your friends? Once you have a close friend, even if his influence on you is slightly harmful, shouldn't you stick by him?

  Loyalty to a friend sometimes means having to let go.It means being loyal to his highest and best self as well.If someone is destroying his health by smoking, for example, you aren't showing loyalty by smoking right along with him.True loyalty sometimes requires that you break damaging connections, get yourself back on solid ground, and then decide what you can really do to help your friend.

  It can take a lot of courage to tell someone, “I'm sorry, but I can't have you in my life anymore.” But even though this might seem like a selfish act at times, it's often the best thing for the other person too.If a relationship is holding you back in some way, understand that it's also hurting the other person.For example, if you work for a violent boss, your acceptance of that situation is considered to be silent approval, encouraging your boss to continue to behave violently.

  1.When experiencing major life changes, people may ________.

  A.join a new social community

  B.influence their friends around

  C.choose their friendships purposely

  D.have their people environment changed

  2.What does the underlined sentence in Paragraph 3 mean?

  A.Everyone has at least one friend.

  B.It is unnecessary to make new friends.

  C.Friendship still exists though there are fewer connections.

  D.You ought to treat your old and new friends equally.

  3.What is the author's opinion on the loyalty to friends?

  A.Never betray your close friends whatever happens.

  B.Correct their mistakes while you guard their goodness.

  C.Stick by your friends even though they do harm to you.

  D.Break up with your friends immediately if they smoke.

  4.How should we behave when employed by a violent boss?

  A.We should accept what we are told to do.

  B.We should stay silent and be in favour of him.

  C.We should bravely disobey him if he is wrong.

  D.We should give our boss courage to continue.

  【答案】DCBC

  【解析】本文是一篇议论文,讲述了人的一生会经历很多的改变,从而告诉我们:如何适应改变以及怎样做才是对朋友真正的忠诚。

  1.D 细节理解题。根据文章第一段中的“When going through major life changes...you've ever experienced a major switch in your people environment”可知,当经历人生重大改变时,人们也会经历人际环境的改变。故选D。

  2.C 句意理解题。根据画线句后的“People are always dropping into and out of each...you may need to loosen up some of your existing connections.”可知,尽管人们之间的联系少了,但友谊依然存在。故选C。

  3.B 推理判断题。根据文章倒数第二段的第二句和最后一句可知,作者对朋友忠诚的态度是纠正错误但要捍卫他们的优点。故选B。

  4.C 推理判断题。根据最后一段中的“your acceptance of that situation is considered to be silent approval, encouraging your boss to continue to behave violently”可知,如果老板错了,员工就要勇敢地不去服从。故选C。

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