中学生标准学术能力诊断性测试 2018 年 9 月测试英语试卷
作者: 发布时间:2018-09-17 10:44:58 本文来源于:
\

  本试卷共 150 分,考试时间 100 分钟。

  第一部分 阅读理解 (共两节,满分 60 分)

  第一节 (共 15 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 45 分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  Are you interested in hi-tech products? Here are some that you might find at the market pretty soon.

  CX-1

  Tired of dragging your bag through busy airports? Then you might want to consider CX-1. The smart suitcase uses facial recognizing software to follow its owner as he / she is checking in or heading to the gate. Though CX-1 can only move at a speed of up to seven miles per hour, a tiny tool enables owners to keep track of the suitcase’s location. It is expected to be sold on the market by late 2018.

  Aibo

  Sony’s latest version of the Aibo robotic dog is almost as fun as the real thing—but much less work. The pet dog can recognize its owner, obey several commands, and even recall the behavior that pleases its master the most. Aibo can also learn new tricks, take photographs, and over time, develop its own unique personality.

  Forpheus

  Forpheus, an “athletic” robot developed by Japanese technology company Omron. It teaches users how to play ping-pong. The 10-feet-tall machine uses a camera and artificial intelligence to track the ball’s speed and can predict the ball’s direction correctly. The smart Forpheus can also quickly test its player’s abilities and adjust the playing level, making the game fun.

  Black Box VR

  Though many people determine to go to the gym once a week, few reach their goal. Black Box VR wants to change that by turning hard exercise into fun video games. Using it, gym users will find themselves fighting enemies, including big creatures—all while getting exercise.

  1. What is the feature of CX-1?

A.It can be opened by facial expressions. B.It can recognize and follow its owner.
C.It can move very fast in busy places. D.It can sense the suitcase’s location.
2. Who would most probably want an Aibo?

  A. People who want to walk a dog.

  B. People who often play tricks on others.

  C. People who want to take high-quality photographs.

  D. People who want a dog but can’t look after a real one.

  3. Which product can help people do physical exercise regularly?

A.CX-1. B.Aibo. C.Forpheus. D.Black Box VR.

  B

  Nine years ago, a few days before Christmas, I was a director at a company in San Francisco, and I was called into a meeting that was already in progress. That meeting turned out to be my exit interview. I was 64 years old at the time. It wasn’t completely unexpected. I signed a pile of papers and left the company.

  So, 40 plus years of employment was over. I had a good reputation and background. Retirement was not a choice for me. I wanted to do something. And then an idea came into my mind, born from my concern for our environment. I wanted to build my own business, designing and manufacturing biodegradable(可生物降解的)packaging from waste. This is called clean technology, and it was really meaningful to me. It could help reduce billions of pounds of single-use plastic

  packaging wasted each year.

  Five years later, I’m enraptured and proud to share with you that our income has doubled every year and we have no debt. Meanwhile, I have a wonderful partner, and we’ve won more than 20 awards for the work that we’ve done.

  And I am doing the most rewarding and meaningful work of my life right now. But what I really long for is to find other first-time entrepreneurs(企业家)who are my age. I want to connect with them.

  So I want to do something about that in a few years. I want us to start talking more about people who don’t become

  entrepreneurs until they are seniors. And then connecting all of them across industries, regions and countries—building a community.

  4. What happened to the author nine years ago?

A.He was fired from his job. B.He took part in an interview.
C.He applied for a higher position. D.He changed his job to a better one.

  5. Why was the new business meaningful to the author?

A.It developed some new technologies. B.It was beneficial to the environment.
C.It provided jobs for lots of people. D.It brought in quite a lot of money.

  6. What does the underlined word “enraptured” in Paragraph 3 most probably mean?

\
\
7.
\
What does the author plan to do in the future?
A.To set up a community for the old people. B.To help people who want to become successful.
C.To meet more people from different backgrounds. D.To build a community for senior entrepreneurs.

  C

  From Whatsapp to WeChat, the world has plenty of choices when it comes to messaging apps that connect friends and strangers on the Internet. The market is so crowded that for a new competitor to even get noticed, they’d have to come up with something new. Enter “Die With Me”, a fresh chat app that can only be used when your smart phone has 5% or less battery left.

  Die With Me allows total strangers with low battery to enter an online chatroom and talk as they wait for their smart phones to shut off completely. Using Die With Me requires nothing more than choosing a username first and allowing the app to read your battery situation.

  The idea behind the app was to turn the terrible experience of dealing with low phone battery into a positive one. The app’s co-developer Dries Depoorter said, “I was in a strange city and my phone battery was low when I was on my way back to the hotel. I was really stressed about this as night fell. At that moment, I had the idea for an app that we could only use when we had low battery. But I didn’t know how it would work until we came up with the idea of making it a public chatroom.”

  The app was shown by developers David Surprenant from Canada and Dries Depoorter from Belgium at the International Documentary Film Festival Amsterdam.

  According to Depoorter, the app has so far recorded over half a million messages in conversations worldwide, with an average of eight people in the chatroom at any given time. Depoorter also said he and Surprenant intend to make a book with a selection of messages recorded by the app at some point in the future.

  8. What can we learn from Paragraph 1?

A.People enjoy making friends online. B.Internet users long for something new.
C.Messaging apps face fierce competition. D.WeChat has become very popular recently.

  9. What should you do first if you want to use Die With Me?

A.Apply for a username. B.Get your phone charged.
C.Shut off your Whatsapp. D.Invite eight people together.

  10. What made Depoorter come up with Die With Me?

A.His poor sense of direction. B.His personal experience.
11. What is the best title for the passage?

  A.Popular messaging apps on the Internet B.Convenient ways of using Die With Me

  C.An app used only by smart phones with low battery D.Tips on using your smart phone with 5% battery left

  D

  Both Germans and Americans share much common etiquette(礼仪). Both place the fork on the left and the knife on the right in formal table settings. However, more so than Americans, Germans are noted for the carefulness with which they approach etiquette. For example, each flower has a specific meaning in Germany. When visiting Germany, it is wise to

  be aware of the characteristics of German etiquette.

  In Germany it is good etiquette to shake an individual’s hand when you first meet him or her. Also, handshakes are important when they conduct business and when they come or go from a meeting. For informal greetings among friends, Germans will lightly kiss one another on both cheeks or the air next to the cheeks. Always refer to someone with a title before their name in a social setting. “Frau” is Ms. And “Herr” is Mr. They should be put in front of the name of the individual to whom you are referring.

  If you are invited to visit someone in Germany, it is important to bring a small gift such as wine or candy. If you take a wine, be sure to pick an imported one, as bringing a German wine might send a message to the host that he or she does not have a good taste in wine. If you decide to take flowers, yellow roses, which convey joy and friendship, are a good

  choice. Red roses indicate romance and carnations (康乃馨)symbolize mourning. Do not sit down in someone’s house without being invited to sit first.

  Germans are organized, appreciating structures in their daily lives. They plan out their day, and it is bad manners to interrupt schedules. They are also very particular about maintaining orderly homes. They place a high priority on cleanliness and take great pains to keep everything in order.

  12. Why does the author mention the fact that each flower has a different meaning to Germany?

  A. To show Germans are particular about etiquette.

  B. To remind us to choose flowers carefully in Germany.

  C. To explain the important role flowers play in Germany.

  D. To explain the common etiquette in Germany and America.

  13. In Germany, kissing each other is usually accepted among .

\
E.Recent studies show a widespread lack of understanding of the real cost of college.

  14. What is considered improper when you are invited to a German’s home?

A.Taking yellow roses. B.Bringing a small gift.
C.Taking an imported wine. D.Sitting without being asked.

  15. What can we learn from the last paragraph?

A.Germans keep strict schedules every day. B.Germans work effectively at home.
C.Germans live a busy life every day. D.Germans have a dull lifestyle.

  第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 3 分,满分 15 分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Three Ways to Self-fund College

  The idea that parents should pay for their children’s college education is a nice one, but it’s far from a reality for many students. 16 Whatever the case may be, it’s time to take a good look at your options for funding college on your own.

  1. Turn over every stone.

  If you’ re not a straight-A genius who could easily win college scholarships, there’s good news: 17 Check out

  F.Similarly, some choose to take a year or two off after high school to save up as much as possible.

  G.Some parents believe the responsibility of paying for college should fall on the person seeking a degree— that’s you.

  第二部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分 55 分)

  第一节 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 40 分)

  阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C 和D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  It was early in the morning and I couldn’t stop looking at the woman a few feet away from me on the beach. I had come to watch the 21 and she was getting on my nerves.

  The woman endlessly tapped on the screen of her cell phone 22 appreciating the beautiful sunrise before us.

  It was really 23 — great beauty was right before her and she didn’t even 24 .

  I noticed her on the 25 the day before when she was sitting next to my family. She just sat there baking in the sun with her cell phone in hand, and never 26 . Now she was in front of the finest 27 and she was still looking down. That’s a sad way to 28 , I thought.

  these popular College Confidential threads to see which awards average and above-average students are aiming at. Are your parents retirees? Are you a first-generation student? Is your family attached to any church or community groups? (Seriously, there are scholarships for all those things.) The secret to scoring major cash is following every possible source of funding.

  2. 18

  Instead of going straight to a four-year institution, many students are choosing to start out at an affordable community college and transfer later. 19 If these are options that could work for you, just be sure you have a solid plan in place,

  Then an inner voice spoke to me, “You’re just as distracted from looking at the sunrise as she is. She’s only distracted by her phone 29 you’re distracted by your 30 to look over and judge her.”

  When I looked away from the lady, I 31 something: I could relax and 32 enjoy the masterpiece before me, and I didn’t have to 33 about her.

  Stop 34 other people. There is always at least one more fact, which we know 35 about, in every person’s 36 . For all I know, the grandchild of that woman was in hospital and she was 37

\
and don’t let yourself get sidetracked from your goal of earning a college degree.

  3. Take what you can get.

  Remember that not all valuable contributions are monetary(与钱有关的). It’s time to sit down with your parents and have a serious talk about other expenses they might be able to help you with. 20 You can save several thousand per year on housing. What about books, meals, and other expenses? Even relatively small savings can be a huge leg up in the

  long run.

  A. Take an alternative route.

  B. You don’t need to be a genius to qualify for scholarships.

  C. If they’re fine about letting you live at home, that’s great.

  D. Think about if you can afford a price of around $10,000 per year.

  checking her phone for an update. 38 maybe she was getting emails about a big financial decision—why did I care?

\
Stop looking for people’s 39 . Only by doing that, we’ll be in a better position to see the beautiful things that are 40 right in front of us.
\
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。注意:

  1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改 10 处,多者(从第 11 处起)不计分。

  Last Monday, our class hold a speech contest on the theme of thankfulness. Both of us took an active part in it because we were interesting in it. In beginning, our teacher made a speech, appeal to us to be thankful. After that, many participants impressed us on their wonderful performances. They expressed their love and appreciations to their parents, teachers and people who loved them.

  I learned a lot of from this activity. There are many people around us who have helped us great. We should be grateful to them in return for which they have done for us.

  第二节 书面表达(满分 25 分)

  假定你是校学生会主席李华。来自英国的交换生 Martin 将于下学期到你校学习,请根据以下要点提示,给他

  第二节 (共 10 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 15 分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入 1 个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

\
\
Faye and Matthew Gooding have five young sons and own a four-bedroom house in an 41 (attract) village near Lincoln. All these years, the Goodings have been living a perfect life. But they are sick 42 the life. So now they are giving up all their 43 (possess) to travel the world with their five young sons. They will leave this month and plan to start their travels in Sweden 44 they have friends. Their elder sons will plan where they will go next and they hope to travel to some 45 (country) as far as America, Japan and Thailand. Mr Gooding said that while they wouldn’t go to school, he and Faye felt they 46 (learn) more on the travels.

  写一封邮件。内容包括:

  1. 表示欢迎;

  2. 介绍课程和食宿安排。注意:

  1.词数 100 左右;

  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。Dear Martin,

  Mrs Gooding added, “People have said ‘Aren’t you 47 (concern) about your security?’ — 48

  (particular) as we have five small children. It is 49 risk because we are giving up so much. But we can’t wait 50

\
(spend) more time with our sons without the stresses of everyday routines. We don’t know what will happen, but we do know if we didn’t do this we would always regret it.”

  第三部分 写作(共两节,满分 35 分)

  第一节 短文改错(共 10 小题;每小题 l 分,满分 10 分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言错误, 每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  Yours, Li Hua

[《高中生》杂志·新高考网 责任编辑:周丹]

关于我们 - 关于《高中生》杂志社 - 联系我们 - 编辑热线 - 投稿

copyright 2010-2016 中共湖南省委宣传部、湖南省教育厅主管,湖南教育报刊集团主办,《高中生》杂志社承办
ALL Rights Reserved

互联网出版许可证:新出版网证(湘)字017号 湘ICP备10000103号