2016-2018三年高考英语分项解析--图画式
作者: 发布时间:2018-08-08 08:41:19 本文来源于:
  

  【2018•北京】假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记述你们上周接待外国学生,带领他们体验中国茶文化的全过程。

  注意:词数不少于60。

  (请务必将作文写在答题卡指定区域内)

  【答案】Last week, we took the foreign students in our school to experience the authentic tea culture, which turned out be to extremely rewarding.

  On arriving at the tea house, the foreign students were impressed by the unique tea pots and tea cups. I gave them a vivid and informative introduction of tea culture, including its profound history, its rich variety, and the exquisite craftsmanship of making tea with their interest greatly sparked, I then began to teach them how to make tea.

  In order to deliver a clear presentation, I slowly explained the traditional procedure of making tea in detail. Absorbed in every move of mine, the foreign students were once again amazed by this unique culture and they couldn’t help taking pictures from time to time.

  Next came the moment when I asked them to have a try themselves. Washing the tea pots, adding tea leaves, and pouring water into the cups, they followed my instructions and were really immersed in charming tea culture. The tea house witnessed a really enjoyable time for all of us.

  At the end of the activity, holding the tea bags in our hands, we took a picture to memorize the unforgettable day. It suddenly hit me that traditional culture like tea culture was of great charm and huge value. And I swelled with pride to spread our own culture to people all over the world.

  【解析】本文为图片介绍类作文,这类作文是根据给出的一幅或几幅图画所提供的信息写短文。此类题的体裁较广泛,可以是记叙文、说明文,也可以是议论文。按照本文的要求可知,是写一篇记叙文。

  3. 连词成句,然后再连句成文。

  运用适当的单词或短语正确表达各图的意思。然后再将各图的单个句子串连起来。

  串连时,要注意使用适当的连接词语或过渡性语句,不至于让读者觉得文章中出现跳跃现象,更使上下文更为紧凑、自然。

  4. 反复审核,修改错误。

  一篇文章写好后,应进行检查,看短文中是否有错,如拼写、用词、时态、语态及表达方面的错误。

  5. 宜详则详,该略则略。

  对于一些细节方面的内容,如果是文章必不可少的,在写作过程中是不可将其忽略的。

  如果是可有可无的细节,则可视具体情况进行增删。据此,我们在读图时一定要注意阅读各图中的一些细节内容,看其是否影响文章的内容。

  亮点说明:

  巧妙使用定语从句,提升了文章档次:Last week, we took the foreign students in our school to experience the authentic tea culture, which turned out be to extremely rewarding.

  使用非谓语动词,使句子表达更简洁:

  On arriving at the tea house…

  I gave them a vivid and informative introduction of tea culture, including its profound history, its rich variety,

  Absorbed in every move of mine, the foreign students were once again amazed by this unique culture

  holding the tea bags in our hands, we took a picture to memorize the unforgettable day.

  使用倒装句突出重点。

  Next came the moment when I asked them to have a try themselves.

  使用it做形式主语,使表达更地道。

  It suddenly hit me that traditional culture like tea culture was of great charm and huge value.

  2017年高考题

  [2017•江苏卷]

  81. 请认真阅读下面有关我国电影票房收入(box¬office income)的柱状图及相关文字,并按照要求用英语写一篇150词左右的文章。

  Saturday Afternoon.In a Shopping Centre.

  Li Jiang:Hi,Su Hua. Which movie shall we see?

  Su Hua:Whatever. We've got so many choices, Kung Fu Yoga, Journey to the West…Each sounds great!

  Li Jiang:Yeah!And some movie stars are fantastic.

  Su Hua: And the high¬tech!…

  Li Jiang:Perfect!Let's get some food first. We only have 20 minutes left.

  Su Hua:No hurry. The cinema is on the same floor.

  One Day in 2016.At Home.

  Son:Mum,shall we go and see a film tonight?

  Mother:Why bother? We can stay at home and watch films online. It's convenient with our new and faster network.

  Son:But it feels good in a cinema.

  Mother:And the price…We have to pay 50 yuan a ticket.

  Son:Only 10 yuan more than last year.

  Mother:But still we cannot get the money's worth. Some films are just boring…

  【写作内容】

  1.用约30个单词概述柱状图信息的主要内容;

  2.我国电影票房收入变化的原因有哪些,简要谈谈你的看法(上述对话仅供参考,原因不少于两点);

  3.谈谈你对我国电影票房收入走向的看法,并简要说明理由。

  【写作要求】

  1.写作过程中不能直接引用原文语句;

  2.作文中不能出现真实姓名和学校名称;

  3.不必写标题。

  【评分标准】

  内容完整,语言规范,语篇连贯,词数适当。

  在遣词造句上,应当注意合理使用连接成分,以提高文章的逻辑性,如在列举理由时可以用to begin with, what's more, last but not least等;还应尽量使用较复杂的句型,如在总结全文大意时可以用定语从句、分词结构;在其他地方可以用主语从句、倒装句等。

  【参考范文】

  The box¬office income of Chinese movies witnessed a constant increase from about 17 billion yuan in 2012 to over 40 billion in 2015. However, that increase slowed down in 2016.

  The reasons behind this are various. The fast economic development before 2016 was probably the most powerful engine driving the constant growth in the box¬office income. The application of new technologies and the wide appeal of movie stars could also account for the increase. However, China saw a decline in its economic growth rate last year. And the Internet increased options for movie lovers. Consequently, some viewers began to turn away from cinemas, leading to a slower growth.

  China's economy is expected to grow at a medium speed in the coming years, so an increase is possible in the investment in the movie industry and the number of quality movies. Therefore, its box-office income will probably enjoy a slight increase.

  [2017•北京卷]

  假设你是红星中学高三学生李华,请根据以下四幅图的先后顺序,写一篇英文周记,记录毕业前夕你们制作以“感恩母校”为主题的毕业纪念视频的全过程。

  注意:词数不少于60。

  提示词:视频video

  ________________________________________________________________________

  ________________________________________________________________________

  【解析】 本文为校园生活类体裁,主题为毕业纪念视频。内容有讨论、拍摄、视频制作和展示等。

  参考词汇和句型:

  1. In order to leave some impressive memories for all of us before graduation, our class made a special video to express our appreciation to…

  2. carried out a discussion/various ideas were put forward

  3. shot some wonderful videos in the school/interviewed our teachers…

  4. Those who are talented in computer contributed to the making of the video.

  5. edited the video/added our love to…

  6. The show received a warm welcome among our fellow schoolmates.

  7. Memories of the past flooded into our minds/firm bond to our school…

  内容要点:

  1. 讨论分工 2. 收集素材 3. 编辑制作 4. 放映视频

  One possible version:

  Graduation finally came. My classmates and I decided to do something. After a heated discussion, we agreed on making a video to record our experiences at school. Material collecting took us a whole week, during which we interviewed our teachers and took pictures of every aspect of school life. The editing part after that was tough. We debated over what to put into the video. Some compromises were unavoidable, but the video turned out perfect. Several days later, when the video was played on the graduation ceremony, it was well received. The students and teachers shared a great time. That surely gave us a great sense of achievement.

  2016年高考题

  【2016•北京】书面表达

  第二节 ( 20 分)

  假设你是红星中学高三一班的学生李华。你班同学参加了学校的“地球日”系列活动。请按照以下四幅图的先后顺序,以“Actions for a Greener Earth”为题,给校刊“英语角”写一篇英文稿件,介绍活动的全过程。

  注意:词数不少于60。

  提示词:地球日Earth Day

  【答案】

  Actions for a Greener Earth

  A week before Earth Day, posters were put up around our school, calling upon us to join in the actions for a greener earth.

  Our class came up with the idea to make better use of used materials. We brought to our classroom worn-out clothes, pieces of cardboard and empty plastic bottles and turned those into dolls, handbags, tissue boxes and small vases. That weekend, we went to a nearby neighborhood and gave them away to the people there. All were very happy with those unexpected gifts, especially little kids and elderly people. We did so well that we were invited to share our idea and experience with all the students of our school.

  We are very proud of ourselves and believe we can do more for a better world.

  亮点说明:范文使用了非谓语动词calling upon us to join in the actions和so...that句型与宾语从句we can do more for a better world等,句式多样;还使用了固定词组call sb to do sth, join in, come up with. Make use of, turn...into, give away, be proud of等,使作文内容变得丰富。

  考点:情景作文

  【名师点睛】

  话题比较常规,整体难度适中。“地球日”系列活动属于保护环境的体裁内容,考生并不陌生。内容主要包括:公告栏了解活动、分工制作、变废为宝的宣传活动、主题讲座等。一定要按照四幅图的顺序来写,不可打乱顺序;注意行文的连贯性,多使用一些连接词。

  【2016•上海】Guided Writing

  Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

  假设你是中华中学学生姚平,最近参加了一项研究性学习调研,课题为“父母是否以子女为荣”。通过调研你校学生及其父母,结果发现双方对此问题的看法有差异(数据如图所示)。根据图表写一份报告,在报告中,你必须:

  1.描述调研数据;

  2.分析可能导致这一结果的原因。

  【答案】

  (略)

  考点:考查图表作文。

  2015年书面表达之图画式

  1.【2015•上海】

  Guided Writing

  Directions: Write an English composition in 120–150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese.

  学校即将举办“读书节”,目前正广泛征集“读书节”宣传册图片。假设你是该校学生潘阳,你已找到以下三幅图片,决定给读书节组委会写一封信,推荐其中一幅,你的信须包括以下内容:

  1. 简单描述你想推荐的那幅图片;

  2. 阐述你用这幅图片宣传“读书节”的理由。

  【参考答案】

  Dear Sir/ Madam,

  Since the Reading Festival is around the corner, I’m writing to recommend a picture which can be used in the brochure to remind the students of the pleasure of reading.

  In the picture, three students are sitting at the table, discussing heatedly what they have just read. It seems that they have had a lot of fun through the discussion. Though it is admitted that reading is mostly a personal activity which needs quietness and concentration, as far as I’m concerned, it can also be a sharing experience when the same book is being appreciated. Just imagine that you have read a terrific detective story with fascinating and intricate plots. You are so amazed by the genius of the writer and you can’t help sharing it with your classmates or best friends, who turn out to have been deeply impressed as well. The moment you mention the book, the passion and enthusiasm about the story will explode which can never be gained on your own. My ideal atmosphere of reading is just like that, through which you can not only appreciate the content by yourself, but also have the pleasure of sharing the plots or opinions with your peers, which will ultimately enhance your understanding of the book. To sum up, the reason of my recommendation is quite simple and apparent that reading, instead of being dull and isolating, can be full of participation and common interest. I sincerely hope that you will take my suggestion into consideration and I’m looking forward to your early reply.

  Yours sincerely,

  Pan Yang

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