棠湖中学高2019届第四学期期末教学质量监测考试 - 英语试题 - 《高中生》杂志 ● 新高考网
棠湖中学高2019届第四学期期末教学质量监测考试
作者: 发布时间:2018-08-06 09:09:42 本文来源于:
  棠湖中学高2019届第四学期期末教学质量监测考试

  英语试题

  试卷分为试题卷和答题卡两部分,其中试题卷由第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)组成,共8页;答题卡共2页。满分150分,考试时间120分钟。

  第I卷(选择题,满分100分)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  回答听力部分时,先将答案标在试卷上。听力部分结束前,你将有两分钟的时间将你的答案转涂到客观题答题卡上。

  第一节:(共5小题;第小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳答案,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. How long will the concert last?

  A. One hour. B. Two hours. C. Two and a half hours.

  2. For whom does the man want to buy a new sweater?

  A. Jim. B. Sue. C. Mary.

  3 What is Tom now?

  A. A secretary. B. A novelist. C. A reporter.

  4 Where is Bob’s jacket?

  A. On the school bus. B. On the wall. C In his schoolbag.

  5. What is the woman doing?

  A. Encouraging the man. B. Asking for help. C. Making an excuse.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  请听下面5段对话或独白,选出最佳选项。

  请听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. What to eat every day. B. How to lose weight. C. When to go on a diet.

  7. What happened to the man’s friend?

  A. He was getting sick of potatoes.

  B. He gained too much weight.

  C. He was ill in hospital.

  请听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. How does the woman have meals every day?

  A. She eats in her company. B. She cooks at home. C. She eats out.

  9. Which of the following is next to the woman’s house?

  A. A supermarke t. B. A drugstore. C. A school.

  请听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. How does the woman feel?

  A. Nervous. B. Calm. C. Surprised.

  11. Who is Mrs. Spencer?

  A. A film director. B. A pet store owner. C. A movie character.

  12. What will the woman do next?

  A. Try out for a play. B. Go to a restaurant. C. Act in a commercial.

  请听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. In which field does the man have a master’s degree?

  A. Chemistry. B. Nuclear physics. C. Literature.

  14. What does the woman think of chemistry?

  A. Difficult. B. Interesting. C. Popular.

  15. What can we learn about the man?

  A. He prefers physics to chemistry.

  B. He just graduated from high school.

  C. He will continue studying hard for years.

  16. What does the woman want to be?

  A. A doctor. B. A writer. C. A teacher.

  请听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. When did the watch officially go on sale?

  A. On March 1st, 2015.

  B. On March 2nd, 2015.

  C. On September 2nd, 2015.

  18. What does the watch have?

  A. Automatic brightness. B. Wi-Fi. C. GPS.

  19. What do some users dislike about the watch?

  A. It’s too large.

  B. It looks too traditional.

  C. It doesn’t have enough storage.

  20. How many watch faces can users choose from?

  A. 50. B. 400. C. 4,000.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  “Anyone who offends(冒犯)China will be killed no matter how far the target is.” That is the tagline for Wolf Warriors 2, the Chinese box office hit. It sees a soldier entering into an African war-zone and saving hundreds of lives from Western bad guys. It’s basically the plot of your typical Hollywood action movie, but this time it’s a Chinese man upholding justice and keeping the world safe.

  Following in the footsteps of Jackie Chan and Jet Li, martial arts expert Wu Jing is among a new generation of Chinese action stars turned directors. His first Wolf Warrior film came out in 2014, but it didn’t catch much attention. Mainstream movies, especially those promoting patriotism(爱国主义), usually don’t do very well in China. Wolf Warrior 2, however, has become a phenomenon. The massive response in China also made the film top the global box office worldwide last weekend, beating Hollywood blockbuster Dunkirk.

  Many moviegoers said online that they were touched by the patriotic plot. “This movie is the best Chinese action movie,” one social media user wrote. “Shockingly good-hot blood and tough guys. I cried after watching it,” said another.

  One reason for the enthusiastic response compared to the first Wolf Warrior film is its improved action scenes. Many in China have praised the film for its fighting scenes and special effects, saying they are of “Hollywood quality”. The movie, which is entirely privately funded, has also been lauded for its attention to detail and reportedly features close replicas(复制品)of many of the latest weapons used by the Chinese army. Timing has also contributed to its success, with the Chinese nation in the times of a new wave of patriotism.

  The film first came out just ahead of the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese amy, a hugely symbolic event for the country. Over the weekend, the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) held a grand military parade, which presented the latest weapons of China. In a serous speech, which in parts was not different to lines from the film. President Xi Jinping promised to fight anyone who tried to tear China apart.

  21. The text is meant to ________.

  A. introduce a recent action movie

  B. explain why Wu Jing is a successful director

  C. compare Wolf Warriors 2 with Hollywood movies

  D. claim that China is a super power in terms of weapons production

  22. President Xi Jinping’s speech suggests that ________.

  A. no one dares to fight with China

  B. the military parade is very successful

  C. China will become a developed country soon

  D. China will oppose any attempt at national separation

  23. The reason why Wolf Warriors 2 becomes a box office hit is that ________.

  A. it doesn’t promote patriotism

  B. its combat scenes are of higher quality

  C. the weapons in the movie are the most advanced

  D. Wu Jing is becoming better at directing after failing his first movie

  B

  Here’s a simple challenge: name a famous inventor. Perhaps Leonardo da Vinci springs to mind. Or the pioneer of the telephone, Alexander Graham Bell. But you might be hard-pressed to name many female inventors, even though women are behind some of the most widely used technologies in the modern world.

  For example, where would we be without the windscreen wiper? Back on a freezing winter’s day in 1902, Mary Anderson was traveling by tram through New York city. Snow was falling, forcing the driver to stop repeatedly and get out to clear it. Each time the door opened, Mary suffered. She had a brainwave: why not make something that could be operated from inside the vehicle? And that’s exactly what she did.

  Let’s step in from freezing New York for our next invention. The dishwasher dates back even earlier to the 19th Century, and to the dinner parties thrown by a lady called Josephine Cochrane. As a frequent host, she wanted a machine that could wash dishes faster than people. Her response was to develop what was to become the first commercially successful dishwasher.

  Need something to do while the dishwasher is on? How about a round of Monopoly(强手棋游戏)? One of the most popular board games around, the rules were first drawn up by a lady called Elizabeth Magie, and patented in 1904.

  To an altogether different kind of innovation: Kevlar is the lightweight fibre used in bulletproof(防弹)vests. The material is used by millions every day and has saved countless lives and is strength-lo-weight ratio is five times higher than steel.

  Finally, one of the most important inventions of the 20th Century must surely be the computer programme. The world of programming is unbalanced among men and women, with men taking home around 30% more pay than their female partners on average. But back in the 1940s and 50s, women were at the forefront of this new field and Grace Hopper was one of them.

  24. What do we know about the inventions mentioned in the text?

  A. They were mostly made in the 20th century.

  B. They all used high technology.

  C. Their inventors came from families of good education.

  D. They were all made by accident.

  25. Why did Mary Anderson invent windscreen wiper?

  A. The winter was extremely cold there.

  B. She was forced to clear the snow by others.

  C. The car she drove made her suffer a great deal.

  D. She was sick of the driver getting out to clear the window.

  26. Which of the following statements is WRONG according to the text?

  A. Josephine Cochrane wanted a machine that operated automatically.

  B. The game invented by Magie was popular merely among teenagers.

  C. Kevlar is the super tough fibre and stronger than steel.

  D. Grace Hopper was good at computer programming.

  27. What is the best title of this passage?

  A. Women can be Great Inventors

  B. The Most Useful Inventions by Women

  C. The Most Widely Used Technologies

  D. Women Made Greater Contributions than Men

  C

  Being mistreated at work can make people take out their negative emotions on loved ones at home. But a new study suggests that getting more exercise and sleep may help people better cope with them by leaving them at work, where they belong.

  Previous research shows that employees who are looked down on or insulted by colleagues are likely to express their frustrations and behave angrily toward people outside of work, says study co-author Shannon Taylor, a management professor at the University of Central Florida’s College of Business.

  The new study backs up this idea, but offers a bit of good news as well: Employees who averaged more than 10, 500 steps a day or burned at least 2, 100 calories were less likely to mistreat their families than those who averaged fewer steps or burned fewer calories.

  The findings also revealed that when employees felt they had a bad night’s sleep because of work issues, they were more likely to be angry at home. “When you’re tired, you are either less able or less motivated to regulate yourself.” says co-author Larissa Barber, a professor of psychology at Northern Illinois University.

  Physical activity seems to counterbalance poor sleep, Barber says, because it promotes healthy brain functions needed to properly regulate emotions and behaviors. “This study suggests that high amounts of exercise can be at least one way to improve the situations brought by sleep troubles that lead to negative behaviors at home, ” she says.

  Barber acknowledges that finding time to work out and get a full night’s sleep can be difficult when work pressure is mounting, and that often, job stress can be directly connected to sleep quality. However, she says, making the effort to burn some extra calories and let go of some stress can be worth it. It’s not only good for you, says Taylor, but it can benefit your loved people.

  28. What does the underlined word “they” in Paragraph 1 refer to?

  A. Loved people at home. B. Negative emotions.

  C. Different work pressures. D. More exercise and sleep.

  29. Who will most probably behave angrily to family members?

  A. A person who is easy to get tired.

  B. A person who is always treated badly by coworkers.

  C. A person who often goes to the gym to work out.

  D. A person who often argues with colleagues.

  30. The underlined word “counterbalance” in Paragraph 5 probably means .

  A. make use of B. take control of C. keep up with D. make up for

  31. What can we learn from the text?

  A. The amount of calories employees burn affects the frequency of losing temper.

  B. How to burn more calories has become a major issue for workers.

  C. Enough exercise can replace good sleep in dealing with negative behaviors.

  D. Work pressure makes no difference in sleep quality.

  D

  We’ve all been there: in a lift, in line at the bank or on an airplane, surrounded by people who are, like us, deeply focused on their smartphones or, worse, struggling with the uncomfortable silence.

  What’s the problem? It’s possible that we all have compromised conversational intelligence. It’s more likely that none of us start a conversation because it’s awkward and challenging, or we think it’s annoying and unnecessary. But the next time you find yourself among strangers, consider that small talk is worth the trouble. Experts say it’s an invaluable social practice that results in big benefits.

  Dismissing small talk as unimportant is easy, but we can’t forget that deep relationships wouldn’t even exist if it weren’t for casual conversation. Small talk is the grease (润滑剂) for social communication, says Bernardo Carducci, director of the Shyness Research Institute at Indiana University Southeast. “Almost every great love story and each big business deal begins with small talk,” he explains. “The key to successful small talk is learning how to connect with others, not just communicate with them.”

  In a 2014 study, Elizabeth Dunn, associate professor of psychology at UBC, invited people on their way into a coffee shop. One group was asked to seek out an interaction (互动) with its waiter; the other, to speak only when necessary. The results showed that those who chatted with their server reported significantly higher positive feelings and a better coffee shop experience. “It’s not that talking to the waiter is better than talking to your husband,"says Dunn.” But interactions with peripheral (边缘的) members of our social network matter for our well-being also."

  Dunn believes that people who reach out to strangers feel a significantly greater sense of belonging, a bond with others. Carducci believes developing such a sense of belonging starts with small talk. “Small talk is the basis of good manners,” he says.

  32. What phenomenon is described in the first paragraph?

  A. Addiction to smartphones.

  B. Inappropriate behaviours in public places.

  C. Absence of communication between strangers.

  D. Impatience with slow service.

  33. What is important for successful small talk according to Carducci?

  A. Showing good manners. B. Relating to other people.

  C. Focusing on a topic. D. Making business deals.

  34. What does the coffee-shop study suggest about small talk?

  A. It improves family relationships.

  B. It raises people’s confidence.

  C. It matters as much as a formal talk.

  D. It makes people feel good.

  35. What is the best title for the text?

  A. Conversation Counts B. Ways of Making Small Talk

  C. Benefits of Small Talk D. Uncomfortable Silence

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10 分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Reading These 3 Books Will Change Your Life

  When Warren Buffett was asked about the secret to his wealth and success, he revealed that he read every day—500 pages, to be precise. 36 But what if you could get the benefits of reading without sacrificing all of your free time? You can! With the help of our experts, you can have a quick, easy and memorable understanding of these books. 37

  1. Thirteen Things Mentally Strong People Don’t Do by Amy Morin

  You can’t escape misfortune in life. 38 Do you struggle to get over your failures? Getting over these obstacles can have a profound influence on your everyday life. Morin shares how her most successful patients overcame these difficulties.

  2. 39

  Ever wondered why you can’t stop worrying about something? No matter how hard you try, can you focus on the same issue? By defining the source of your stress, you can get over it once and for all. The author came up with a timeless method that helps you deal with any situation.

  3. How Will You Measure Your Life? By Clayton M. Christensen, James Allworth and Karen Dillon

  What do you think would make you happier at work? 40 Are you making the right trade-offs (平衡) in life? While career achievements can be satisfying, ignoring your family and friends can be harmful in the long-run – in ways you can’t even imagine.

  A. Emotional Intelligence by Daniel Goleman

  B. But you can change how you respond to it.

  C. How to Stop Worrying and Start Living by Dale Carnegie

  D. Have you ever felt pressured to live your life in a certain way?

  E. Perhaps a little more pay might be nice, or maybe some more admiration from fellow colleagues.

  F. Unfortunately, if you’re already working 9-5, you might not have the time to read at all, let alone an entire book a day.

  G. Start with the 3 most-read titles on self-improvement and see if you don’t feel a little more satisfied already.

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面的短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  I walked into a bank in town a couple of days ago and waited in the queue. I was the second 41 and I couldn’t help overhearing the 42 in front of me. The bank clerk must have been having a(an) 43 day and after asking how the 44 was and so on, he began to complain about our government, 45 them for not doing enough to 46 the coast from storms and floods as this had been much on the news at the time.

  He was in 47 spirits and you could tell that he was really 48 about a lot of things going on in the world.

  My heart went out to him. I was 49 next and all I could do was 50 . 1didn’t have any words. Afterwards, it 51 to me something that had been running under my own thoughts.

  So I left the bank, found a 52 and on it I wrote: Sometimes the bad parts of the world seem so 53 . There are so many sad things going on in the news. They make it hard to see 54 going on around us. But that doesn’t 55 life right now can’t be beautiful. All you have to do is open your eyes. It’s in the gaps(缝隙) that beauty is 56 .

  I 57 the postcard back into the bank, wandered around and 58 it on a table, 59 that the bank clerk would find it. Whether he did or not, I never found out, but it 60 would do someone some good, which I’m certain of.

  41. A. in sight B. in the way C. in line D. in time

  42. A. story B. noise C. quarrel D. conversation

  43. A. perfect B. bad C. nervous D. unfortunate

  44. A. customer B. farmer C. thinker D. officer

  45. A. praising B. blaming C. doubting D. punishing

  46. A. prevent B. remove C. separate D. protect

  47. A. low B. high C. good D. strange

  48. A. excited B. trouble C. cautious D. curious

  49. A. served B. paid C. refused D. invited

  50. A. comfort B. smile C. scream D. criticize

  51. A. seemed B. happened C. came D. looked

  52. A. pen B. desk C. postcard D. book

  53. A. disappointing B. encouraging C. delightful D. interesting

  54. A. fight B. pollution C. luckiness D. beauty

  55. A. tell B. feel C. mean D. teach

  56. A. found B. built C. missed D. neglected

  57. A. passed B. mailed C. took D. lost

  58. A. wrote B. hid C. announced D. left

  59. A. advising B. hoping C. watching D. guessing

  60. A. surely B. suddenly C. hardly D. lately

  第II卷(非选择题,共50分)

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  I used to live in San Paulo, Brazil. It is a huge city with more people 61 (live) in it than in my own country. I rented a flat in a 62 (wealth) community, but there was a favela(贫民窟)quite near. For several months I didn’t have a car, so I used public transportation to go to the city centre.

  Once, 63 my way back, I had to wait for a long time at a bus stop. I was alone, except for a woman 64 was apparently very poor. She carried a small paper bag of popcorn.

  While we were waiting, she walked over and offered 65 (I) some popcorn. I thanked her, 66 I didn’t want to help myself to it. she repeatedly 67 (insist) that I take some from the paper bag.

  I was so moved by that woman’s kindness that day. I clearly had more than she did, but she naturally and joyfully shared 68 she had with me.

  I think about how poor people are sometimes able to share the little things more 69 (easy) than those who own a lot. I wonder if it’s true that the more you have, 70 more difficult it is for you to share anything with others.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Dear Mr. Smith,

  I’m writing to invite you to the Traditional Chinese Cultural Fair be held by our school at the Art Center this Friday afternoon, at 2pm to 5pm.

  Since a event aims to help more people learn about the traditional Chinese culture, the staff, all the students and their parents as well as anyone interested in it is welcome. At the fair, relating books, pictures, videos and objects will be exhibited, through that visitors will not only understand traditional Chinese culture better but definitely feel about the unique beauty of it.

  If you were interested, please come and enjoy them. And I’d be glad to offer any helps. Looking forward to your early reply.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是李华,你的美国朋友James由于不爱运动、吃垃圾食品上瘾等原因陷入了肥胖的困扰中,非常苦恼,请你通过电子邮件给他提一些建议和意见,帮助他减肥。

  注意:

  1.词数:100左右(开头和结尾已给出但不计入总词数)

  2.可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  Dear James,

  __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________________________Yours,

  Li Hua

  棠湖中学高2019届第四学期期末教学质量监测考试

  英语试题答案

  第一部分 听力(30分,每题1.5分)

  1-5 BABCA 6-10 BCCBA 11-15 CBBAC 16-20 BCBAA

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  21-23ADB 24-27 ADBA 28—31 BBDA 32-35 CBDC

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  36-40 FGBCE

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每题1.5分,满分30分)

  41-45CDBAB 46-50DABAB 51-55CCADC 56-60ACDBA

  第二节 语法填空:

  61. living 62. wealthy 63. on 64. who/that 65. me

  66. but 67. insisted 68. what 69. easily 70. the

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)删掉∧

  71.加 to 72. at—from 73. a—the 74. is—are 75. relating—related 76. that—which 77. 删掉 about 78. were—are 79. them—it 80. helps—help

  第二节 书面表达 省略

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