2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试卷(有答案广西岑溪市) - 英语试题 - 《高中生》杂志 ● 新高考网
2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试卷(有答案广西岑溪市)
作者: 发布时间:2018-07-23 08:21:58 本文来源于:
  2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试卷(有答案广西岑溪市)

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C、D三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. Where will the performance be presented?

  A. In a concert room. B, In a movie theatre. C. In an opera house.

  2. What does the man often do at weekends?

  A. He watches matches. B. He visits museums. C. He goes shopping.

  3. When will the man’s daughter see a doctor?

  A. At 1:45. B. At 11:50. C. At 11:15.

  4. What does the woman care about the shoes?

  A. The colour. B. The shape. C. The weight.

  5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?

  A. A film. B. A trip. C. A photo.

  第二节(共小题:每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. How did the woman feel about winning the competition?

  A. Surprised. B. Confidents C. Excited.

  7. What does the woman ask the man to do?

  A. improve his writing skills. B. Meet a journalist. C. Give her some advice.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. Why is the woman at the shop?

  A. To see the shop manager. B. To have the CD exchanged. C. To collect some information.

  9. What is the man’s attitude toward the woman?

  A. Patient. B. Bored. C Angry.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. What relation is Jack to the woman?

  A. Her neighbor. B. Her colleague. C. Her husband.

  11. What can we learn about Jack?

  A. He cannot cook at all. B. He does lots of housework. C. His office is far from home.

  12. What does the woman help do at home?

  A. Do some cleaning. B. Do some washing. C. Do some cooking.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. What does the woman think of Mark Twain’s biography?

  A. Informative. B. Adventurous. C. Boring.

  14. Which place inspired the fictional town in Mark Twain’s book?

  A. New Orleans. B. Hannibal. C. New York City.

  15. What happened to Mark Twain in 1859?

  A. He met Horace. B. He left his hometown. C. He became a steamboat pilot.

  16. How did Mark Twain get his pen name?

  A. It was given by his father. B. It came from his job. C. It was suggested by Pilot Horace.

  所第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. Who are the intended listeners of the talk?

  A. Officers who hope to improve international understanding.

  B. Students who want lo get further education.

  C. Volunteers who can work abroad.

  18. What kind of project does the one in Japan belong to?

  A. A .short-term project. B. A medium-term project, C. A long term project.

  19. What docs the project in Poland demand?

  A. Medical experience. B. Language ability. C. Physical work.

  20. Where will the medical students work?

  A. In a center for disabled children. B. In a children’s holiday center. C. In a village of Japan.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  It is quite natural for all of us to want to preserve and protect the foods we purchase. With that in mind, we always think that the best way to do that is by putting them in our refrigerators. However, the following foods should never be placed in the fridge.

  ◆ Bananas

  Bananas should never be placed inside the refrigerator because they keep nutrients better outside the fridge. Bananas are better kept on the counter until they ripen. The cold temperatures actually slow down the ripening process of the bananas, while the wetness and darkness of the fridge will only lead to rotting.

  ◆Potatoes

  Potatoes should be placed in a cool, dry and dark space. The cold temperature of the fridge can turn starch (淀粉) into sugar more rapidly. It is also recommended that potatoes be removed from plastic or paper bags they may have been placed in. Also, keep them unwashed, as well in an uncovered cardboard box.

  ◆Garlic(大蒜)

  Placing garlic in your refrigerator will actually cause it to shoot. The garlic will also rotten and even rubbery. Moreover, inside your fridge, the look of the garlic will rarely change. This means you won’t be able to tell if it’s any good until you finally slice it open.

  ◆Onions(洋葱)

  Placing your onions inside your refrigerator will eventually end up turning them rotten and soft. Unpeeled onions should be kept out of plastic bags and fridge. One of the reasons for this is because unpeeled onions require and need air exposure for maximum life. If you have peeled (剥皮) an onion though, then you should keep it in the fridge, in a covered container.

  21. Why should bananas be kept at normal temperature?

  A. They can keep fresh long. B. They can remain their hardness.

  C. They can keep their normal colour. D. They can grow delicious to eat.

  22. What should you do to keep potatoes well?

  A. Wrap them in paper bags. B. Put them in open containers.

  C. Keep them in airtight cardboard boxes. D. Store them in a cool, wet and dark space.

  23. Which of the following can be stored in the fridge under certain condition?

  A. Bananas. B. Potatoes. C. Onions. D. Garlic.

  B

  Today, I made the time to listen to a person new to me, who I met was parking my car, “Perfect”, he said as he walked by me as I checked how considerately I parked. He was a clean cut gentleman sharing his feelings about his grown kids, parenting mistakes he is aware of, while expressing a realization to slay clear of destructive addictions.

  I listened patiently and kindly. He seemed quite comfortable with me, in need of some treatment letting go of his thoughts and emotions. After talking for a while, I had to go inside, and I asked him to wait on the sidewalk and I’d be right back with some gifts for him. He was so receptive ail along, and I could feel the desires of his heart. I returned to him with bookmarks. I encouraged him, also, with a couple of inspirational thoughts to live by: To focus on what you want — how you want to feel and how you want to live and experience life.

  This experience is a good thing to me, meeting this gentleman as I am experiencing the challenges of trying to be a positive encouragement to my daughter Angel in fighting her illness. I know Angel has the desire too, although in a different way and at a different level in her growth.

  I’ve received little to no reaction from Angel about the positive encouragement of the family. On the other hand, this gentleman paid attention. Some of this, of course, is the big age difference, I imagine. Anyhow, I extended myself in friendship to have a walk and talk with my daughter early tomorrow morning, so as to be a curing support, and it feels good for me, too — although far outside my usual comfort zone.

  24. What did the author react to the man’s talk?

  A. She showed great pity to him. B. She chatted with him warmly.

  C. She left him to go shopping. D. She tried to be a good listener.

  25. Which of the following matches the author’s advice to the man?

  A. Follow your own will to live. B. Do your best to change your life.

  C. Live a meaningful life of your own. D. Gather your bravery to pull through.

  26. What did the man and the author’s daughter have in common?

  A. They had unique characters. B. They accepted advice easily.

  C. They faced personal problems. D. They were strong-will persons.

  27. What would the author do the next day?

  A. Get in touch with the man. B. Take her daughter to hospital.

  C. Communicate with her daughter. D. Tell her daughter to learn from the man.

  C

  Climate change has had a number of effects on cities around the world, including rising see levels. And, this has become an especially big problem for coastal cities. City officials must now prepare for higher tides on their coasts. The American city of Miami is one example. Located in South Florida, Miami is home to nearly 3 million people and billions of dollars in land and buildings.

  Miami is one of the cities in America most at risk for rising sea levels. The waterfront is central to Miami’s culture and economy. But as the seas rise with climate change .the water will not stay put. Large parts of South Florida are in danger of being under water in the coming years. Across Biscayne Bay, the City of Miami Beach is making improvements - raising streets, adding water pumps and more.

  It is costing the city a lot of money. Local communities will spend 500 million dollars for the improvements. Thankfully, the residents, the folks that are paying the bill for this work, realize that the cost of doing nothing is much greater. A possibility officials are discussing with residents is for city to buy homes in some places where flooding has been a problem. The city would then turn that land into parks of grassland that could hold the water.

  Over time, the city may need to take bigger risks. Miami’s future depends largely on how much, and how fast, the oceans rise.

  Caroline Lewis leads the climate activism group, the CLEO Institute. She says cities cannot avoid the need to move inland. But, she says,a well-planned withdrawal (撤退) could include measures to keep people safely in place for as long as possible. And, she says, the world could learn from such a model. In these two Florida cities built on wetlands, there remains a lot of hopefulness.

  28. What threat does the city of Miami face?

  A. It needs people’s support to keep safe.

  B. It will be flooded with rising sea water.

  C. It doesn’t know how to get out of trouble.

  D. It needs much money to slop rising water.

  29. What does the underlined part “stay put” in Paragraph 2 mean?

  A. Keep rising. B. Make trouble.

  C. Remain still. D. Spread in one direction.

  30. What do the people there agree to do with their problem?

  A. Leave as it is. B. Get ready to flee.

  C. Donate money for it. D. Take action against it.

  31. Which of the following best matches Caroline Lewis’ opinion?

  A. Making coastal cities exist as long as possible.

  B. Warning the world of such a natural disaster.

  C. Ensuring people to live there safely forever.

  D. Moving coastal cities to safe places soon.

  D

  Gravity signals that race through the ground at the speed of light could help seismologists(地震学家) get a better handle on the size of large, destructive quakes soon after they hit,a study suggests. The tiny changes in Earth’s gravitational field, created when the ground shifts, arrive at earthquake monitoring stations well before earthquake waves.

  “The good thing we can do with these signals is have quick information on the magnitude (震级) of the quake,” says Martin Vaillée, a seismologist at the Paris Institute of Earth Physics.

  Earthquake equipment in China and South Korea picked up gravity signals immediately after the magnitude-9. 1 Tohoku earthquake that destroyed parts of Japan in 2011. The signals appear as tiny accelerations on earthquake-recording equipment, more than a minute before the seismic waves show up.

  “We can look before the earthquake waves arrive,” says Vallée. “If we see nothing, we can say that the quake that made these was maybe large, but not huge. If we see the signals, it means we really have a very big quake. ”

  Had seismologists been monitoring for gravity changes, they might have realized sooner just how big the Tohoku earthquake was. A small increase in an earthquake’s magnitude means a large change in the energy released by the quake-and the destruction expected. That information is important for emergency responders as they decide what resources to arrange.

  It’ll be a major contribution if gravitational waves can beat down the time needed to know that a big earthquake is big. But much work remains before gravity signals can be considered a reliable tool in the vital minutes after a big quake. A few extra minutes of warning can save lives, particularly in coastal areas where people can flee ahead of an incoming tsunami.

  32. What can be judged if gravity signals appear on the equipment?

  A. When earthquakes will take place. B. When a terrible tsunami is coming

  C. What degree an earthquake reaches. D. How quickly a huge earthquake spreads.

  33. How is the study of gravity signals progressing?

  A. It’s already been used to predict quakes. B. It is not getting along quite well.

  C. It is gating on smoothly. D. It needs further research,

  34. What is the practical benefit of this discovery?

  A. Predicting earthquakes successfully.

  B. Offering a longer time to save lives.

  C. Letting scientists better know earthquakes.

  D. Replacing the present earthquake prediction.

  35. Which of following can be the best title for the text?

  A. Gravity signals could speedily warn of huge quakes

  B. Scientists have more than one way to forecast quakes.

  C. Human beings are no longer afraid of huge quakes.

  D. Advanced technology could prevent huge quakes.

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  Helpful Pet Tips

  Selecting the Right Pet

  Keep the following questions in mind before bringing home a new companion:

  ◇ _36_ A large dog will need lots of room to exercise, so if you live in a small apartment, you may prefer the company of a cat.

  ◇ How much attention can you give? You don’t want your new pet to be lonely if you frequently work late or travel. A fish is a wise choice.

  ◇ Do you have children or will children frequently visit your home? Some animals are just better with kids due to their nature. _37_

  Are there any tasks you would like the animal to perform? If you’re looking for a guard dog, you’ll want different qualities than if you’re purely seeking companionship.

  Keeping Pets Healthy and Happy

  One of the top pet lips for potential owners is making .sure you’re feeding your new friend properly. Ask your veterinarian about the nutritional needs of an animal of its age, size and breeding, _38_ In addition, owners must safeguard the health of their pets. This means staying up-to-date on immunizations(防疫针) and check-ups. _39_ In this way, you can help you notice the first signs of potential illness. Timely treatment can prevent any unnecessary suffering or ill effects.

  _40_ This helps keep animals at a healthy weight while also providing opportunities for pets and owners to bond. In the end, attention and affection will go a long way toward keeping your new family member happy and contented.

  A. How much space do you have?

  B. Some families want a puppy for hours of play.

  C. Buy top-quality food or seek out natural food.

  D. How much energy do you expect from your pet?

  E. Keep an eye out for changes in appearance or behavior.

  F. Make sure you’re also devoting proper time to your companion’s exercise.

  G. You want a pet that will accept your child’s attention, not get nervous or bite.

  第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  I volunteer some of my time in order to give back just a little of what I am so blessed to have. This month. I had an unbelievable opportunity to _41_ my dream, and step out of my _42_ surroundings. I volunteered to go to Guatemale (危地马拉) with an eyeglass.

  Our _43_ went to a small town in Guatemala. San Augustin. We _44_ our tables and packages of pre-made _45_in the dirt courtyard of a clinic, get up the Snellen chart on a wall, and began _46_ people. Young and old, they came from many of the _47_ town. Most had never had an eye exam before.

  They waited for hours _48_ in the sun, never complaining. If we could help them out with a _49_ pair of glasses they would feel deeply _50 _. Some only left with eye drops or sunglasses, and _51_ these people were grateful.

  We saw over a hundred _52_ a day and a good part of those we saw got glasses. We _53_ over and over from people who knew their eyes _54_ help that they had not gone to a doctor because it was too _55_, or had not got the glasses they needed for the same reason. We saw children who were _56_ out of school because they could not see the_57_, and we met women who could not see to thread needles, drivers with _58_ seeing road signs.

  We are not doctors, and there were several people we could not help. But for those we could, we watched with pleasure as their lives _59_. What a gift sight is and what a difference it _60_ to see clearly.

  41. A. find B. realize C. forget D. break

  42. A. strange B. hard C. comfortable D. tiresome

  43. A. team B. family C. fiends D. patients

  44. A. watched over B. set up C. picked up D. carried away

  45. A. clothes B. gifts C. medicine D. glasses

  46. A. examining B. greeting C. calming D. feeding

  47. A. dangerous B. beautiful C. suffering D. surrounding

  48. A. anxiously B. honestly C. patiently D. curiously

  49. A. wonderful B. simple C. cheap D. unique

  50. A. grateful B. upset C. reliable D. generous

  51. A. ever B. then C. rather D. even

  52. A. children B. people C. woman D. volunteers

  53. A. heard B. admitted C. ignored D. explored

  54. A. limited B. offered C. missed D. needed

  55. A. unbelievable B. useless C. expensive D. generous

  56. A. forced B. taken C. kept D. persuaded

  57. A. teacher B. board C. book D. subject

  58. A. suffering B. transport C. care D difficult.

  59. A. changed B. succeeded C. remained D. recovered

  60. A. proves B. decides C. makes D. provides

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。

  Sheryl dropped the heart-painted rock into my bag, _61_ (say), “There’s no charge for this. I want to give it you! ”

  Her loving energy had attracted me _62_ her display at the artisan’s PopLocal party like a bee to a flower. We had _63_ heart-to-heart chat about _64_ she began painting rocks because of the white feather symbolism shared as _65_ (inspire) between her and an uncle and how it _66_ (eventual) developed into her “bee kind” mission.

  From her pocket she pulled a sweet little rock. _67_ (paint) like a bee, with the words “bee kind” on the back. “I paint and give these! ” she shared. “They are in so many _68_ (country) now, even one at the Great Wall of China! ”

  I asked if I could take some photos. I saw Sheryl’s smile, and it just lit _69_ (she) whole fact. It just occurred to me that earlier in the day I gave away a heart-shaped “worry stone” and now I _70_ (give) a rock with a heart painted lovingly on it.

  第四部分 写作(共两节;满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:

  1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  I’m glad that I’m getting more interested in English than ever. However, in the past. I think learning English was to learn grammar rules or words by heart. I didn’t like to read or speak English, nor I willing to talk with my classmates in English. Now. with your English teacher’s help. I lave realized what the skills in learning English are in fact habits. I have begun to enjoy speaking English and communicate with my classmates. I often read some new article or look for some information on the Internet. For a result, I have become more and more interesting in English. And I made a great progress in English.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假设你是李华,你的美国朋友Terry要来北京一所高中任教,请你介绍城市交通情况,以便来时出行,请你给他写一封邮件,内容包括:

  1. 交通工具(出租车、地铁、公交等);

  2. 比较利弊。

  注意:1. 词数100左右;

  2.可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。

  ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  广西梧州岑溪市2017—2018学年高二下学期期末考试

  英语试题答案

  第一部分(30分)

  1-5 AACBB 6-10 ACBAC 11-15 BACBC 16-20 BCACA

  第二部分(40分)

  21-23 DBC 24-27 DACC 28-31 BCDA 32-35 CDBA 36-40 AGCEF

  第三部分(45分)

  第一节

  41-45 BCABD 46-50 ADCBA 51-55 DBADC 56-60 CBDAC

  第二节(15分)

  61. saying 62. to 63. a 64. how 65. inspiration

  66. eventually 67. painted 68. countries 69. her 70. was given

  第四部分(35分)

  第一节(10分)

  I’m glad that I’m getting more interested in English than ever. However, in the past. I think learning English was

  thought

  to learn grammar rules or words by heart. I didn’t like to read or speak English, nor ∧ I willing to talk with my

  and was

  classmates in English. Now. with your English teacher’s help. I lave realized what the skills in learning English are

  my that (或去掉what)

  in fact habits. I have begun to enjoy speaking English and communicate with my classmates. I often read some new

  communicating

  article or look for some information on the Internet. For a result, I have become more and more interesting in

  articles As interested

  English. And I made a great progress in English.

  去掉a

  第二节(25分)

  Dear Terry,

  I’m glad that you will come to work in our country. There are many means of transportation in Beijing for you to go about. You can take a taxi, which is available 24 hours a day. It is fast, comfortable, and convenient, but it is expensive. If you don’t go in a hurry, you can take the underground or buses, which are cheap. The disadvantage is that they are usually crowded, especially during the rush hour. If you want to go sightseeing, you can take a special bus. Its upper story has a good view and it passes most famous places of interest.

  Looking forward to seeing you soon!

  Yours,

  LiHua

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