河北保定市2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试题
作者: 发布时间:2018-07-16 08:17:28 本文来源于:
  

  第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)

  做题时,先将答案标在试卷上。录音内容结束后,你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案转涂到答题卡上。

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  例:How much is the shirt?

  A. £ 19.15. B. £ 9. 18. C. £ 9. 15.

  答案是C。

  1. What should the woman have done at the meeting?

  A. She should have agreed with John.

  B. She should have talked with John.

  C. She should have raised objections to John.

  2. What does Smith do probably?

  A. A salesman. B. A mailman. C. A milkman.

  3. What does the woman advise the man to do?

  A. Tell Jane to help him. B. Do as he has said C. Learn from her.

  4. How did Jack react to the punishment?

  A. He accepted it. B. He disliked it. C. He changed his behavior.

  5. Why does the man want a room?

  A. To have a meeting. B. To stay for one night. C. To celebrate his birthday.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。

  听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。

  6. Which kind of drinks does the man like most?

  A. Orange juice. B. Beer. C. Cola.

  7. What does the man mean in the end?

  A. Wine isn’t fine for him.

  B. He likes wine very much.

  C. Nobody likes drinking wine.

  听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。

  8. What should the woman do as a guide?

  A. Teach lessons to visitors.

  3. Show visitors how to learn history.

  C. Introduce pictures and items to visitors.

  9. How does the woman find her present job?

  A. Fresh but tired. B. Risky and exciting. C. Worthy and satisfactory.

  听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。

  10. Why does the man mention “a dried plant”?

  A. To show the hot weather.

  B. To make his talk understood.

  C. To show his feelings to old men.

  11. What does the woman advise the man to do?

  A. See a doctor. B. Buy some beer. C. Have much liquid.

  12. What will the man do soon after the conversation?

  A. Go to the hospital.

  B. Share beer at the woman’s home.

  C. Go home and enjoy beer.

  听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。

  13. What is the intention of the woman’s talking with the man?

  A. To turn to him for some advice.

  B. To exchange experience with him.

  C. To know about American colleges.

  14. What does the woman want to do?

  A. Fill in a form for her brother.

  B. Choose a college for her brother.

  C. Compare Chinese and American colleges.

  15. What is the main difference between American public and private colleges?

  A. Scholarship. B. Studying time. C. Studying conditions.

  16. What do we know about the woman’s brother?

  A. He will study in Peking University.

  B. He will study in an American public school.

  C. He is uncertain about which college to study in.

  听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。

  17. What is the story mainly about?

  A. A cartoon movie Shark Tale.

  B. Why people call Oscar “Shark Killer”.

  C. How Oscar finds Angie’s love for him.

  18. What can we learn from the story?

  A. Smaller fishes often eat the bigger ones.

  B. Oscar is a hero because he killed a shark.

  C Oscar has to learn a lesson in life.

  19. Who is Oscar’s real friend?

  A. Angie. B. Lola. C. Frankie.

  20. Why does Oscar have to run away?

  A. He is afraid of Lola.

  B. Frankie’s father wants to kill him.

  C. He wants to make his dreams come true.

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。

  A

  There are many events you can do in our city. Now have a look at them.

  Mindfulness Meditation(冥想): Learn how just five minutes a day of meditation can benefit emotional, mental and physical health. The Hernando County Public Library System will host this seminar, which introduces some meditation techniques. Presented by Diana Reed of Gaya Jyoti Yoga. 1:30 pm to 2:30 pm. Free. S. T. Foggia Branch Library, 6335 Blackbird Ave, Spring Hill.(352)754-4043.

  Book Discussion Group: Each month, the group discusses a new book. The group is designed for adults. This month’s book is The End of Your Life Book Club by Will Schwalbe. Contact the library for a copy of the book and discussion questions. 1:45 pm to 3: 15 pm. Free. Harold G. Zopp Memorial Library, 9220 Spring Hill Drive, Spring Hill.(352)754¬4043.

  What to Do When Your Landscape Sleeps: Seminar participants will learn how to care for a landscape during the cool season and prepare it for spring and summer. 10: 30 am. Free. Harold G. Zopp Memorial Library, 9220 Spring Hill Drive, Spring Hill.(352)540-6230.

  Writers Workshop: The group meets every other Thursday. All levels of experience from beginners to published authors are welcome. Bring pen and paper. 1 pm to 3 pm. Free. East Hernando Branch Library, 6457 Windmere Road, Ridge Manor West.(352)754-4043.

  Low-cost Pet Vaccination(预防接种)Clinic: Sponsored by the Florida International Teaching Zoo veterinary(兽医)staff. Vaccinations are administered by a veterinarian. 6: 30 pm to 7: 30 pm. Rabies vaccinations for dogs and cats are $ 7. Tractor Supply Go. , 18471 Cortez Blvd, Brooksville. (352) 867-7788.

  21. What is required to do in Book Discussion Group?

  A. Buy a new book every month.

  B. Read a book for the discussion.

  C. Borrow a book from other members.

  D. Gather for two hours for the discussion.

  22. How is the fifth activity different from the others?

  A. It is paid.

  B. It is interesting.

  C. It costs more time.

  D. It is held in the afternoon.

  23. Which activity requires its members to gather twice a month?

  A. Mindfulness Meditation.

  B. Book Discussion Group.

  C. Writers Workshop.

  D. Low-cost Pet Vaccination Clinic.

  B

  For Zack, the shave was more than just a way to fund lifesaving research. It was a way to honor his late brother, Taylor Frink.

  Taylor, a volunteer firefighter in North Carolina, was killed in a car accident last September. Before his passing, Taylor was an eager supporter of St. Baldrick’s. He went bald(秃头)for the cause in 2015, supporting kids with cancer and raising money to find cures.

  As a local hero, Taylor was beloved by the community. When he died, more than 1, 000 people attended his funeral to pay their respects. Zack looked up to his brother and this was the reason why he decided to become a junior firefighter himself. They did everything together. Zack remembers.

  Zack knew his brother had planned to shave again in 2016, so without hesitation he decided to fill his shoes and registered to shave at the local St. Baldrick’s event in Kinston, N. C.

  “He was always goodhearted, and I want to make my brother proud,” shares Zack.

  As part of Zack’s kindnesses, he raised more than $ 1,000 for the St. Baldrick’s Foundation primarily by selling T-shirts he designed. Leading up to the event, Zack also visited his city council, commissioner’s office and challenged the local official department to get involved.

  “We are not going to let Taylor’s name be forgotten. That is what I love about St Baldrick’s,” says Jean Culbreth, volunteer event organizer. “Zack gets it. He gets that what he is doing is keeping his brother’s name alive.”

  The day finally came and Zack took his seat under the clippers (剪具), not only to honor his brother but to help kids with cancer. It was a special moment for all, and by the end of the day the event had raised more than $ 22,000!

  24. Why did Taylor Frink go bald?

  A. Because he suffered from cancer.

  B. To attract people’s sympathy for him.

  C. To help raise money for cancer cures.

  D. Because he wanted to look cooler.

  25. What did Zack do to show honor to Taylor?

  A. He sold clippers to raise money

  B. He followed Taylor’s example.

  C. He decided to work at St. Baldrick’s.

  D. He persuaded his workmates to join his cause.

  26. What can we learn from the text?

  A. Zack has tried to get official support.

  B. Zack designs T-shirts for children with cancer.

  C. Zack raised more than $ 22,000 by selling his T-shirts.

  D. Zack works hard for St. Baldrick’s to get his name remembered.

  27. What Jean Culbreth says shows .

  A. the result of the volunteer event

  B. the reason for raising money

  C. the meaning of Taylor’s death

  D. the aim of Zack’s behavior

  C

  “Belittle” was first used by Thomas Jefferson, the third president of the United States.

  Many years ago, Buffon, a French naturalist, wrote some books about natural history. The books were a great success even though some critics did not like them. Some critics said, “Buffon is more of a poet than a scientist.”

  Thomas Jefferson did not like what Buffon had said about the natural wonders of the New World. It seemed to Jefferson that Buffon had spoken of natural wonders in America as if they were unimportant.

  This troubled Thomas Jefferson. He was a naturalist, as well as a farmer, inventor, historian, writer and politician. He had seen the natural wonders of Europe. To him, they were no more important than those of the New World.

  In 1788, Thomas Jefferson wrote about his home state, Virginia. While writing, he thought of its natural beauty and then of the words of Buffon. At that moment, Jefferson created a new word-belittle. He said, “Buffon believes that nature belittles her productions on this side of the Atlantic.”

  Noah Webster, the American word expert, liked this word. He put it in his English language dictionary in 1806, “Belittle-to make somebody or something small, unimportant.”

  Americans had already accepted Jefferson’s word and started to use it. In 1797, the Independent Chronicle newspaper used the word to describe a politician the paper supported. “He is an honorable man,” the paper wrote, “so let the opposition try to belittle him as much as they please.

  In 1872, a famous American word expert decided that the time had come to kill this word. He said, “‘Belittle’ has no chance of becoming English. And as more critical writers of America, like those of Britain, feel no need of it, the sooner it is forgotten, the better.” This expert failed to kill the word. Today, “belittle” is used where the English language is spoken.

  28. What was the reason for Jefferson’s creating the new word?

  A. He was a naturalist and writer.

  B. Lots of critics disliked Button’s books.

  C. He disagreed with Buffon’s views on natural wonders in America.

  D. Lots of critics thought Buffon wasn’t a real naturalist.

  29. What do we know about Buffon according to the text?

  A. Some of his books were welcome by readers.

  B. Some of his poems were known to Jefferson.

  C. He made some wrong comments on Jefferson.

  D. He made great contributions to the creation of “belittle”.

  30. What does the underlined word “those” in the last paragraph refer to?

  A. The English words.

  B. The critical writers.

  C. The word experts.

  D. The English-speaking countries.

  31. What may be the best title for the text?

  A. The comment on the New World

  B. The creation of Thomas Jefferson

  C. The argument about the new word

  D. The history of the word “belittle”

  D

  Look and listen, and that concert poster just might be singing. Engineers have designed antennas(天线)that can turn everyday objects, from posters to clothing, into radio stations. Anyone walking or driving by can tune in and hear what’s on. The devices use radio waves, but they don’t generate their own. They hijack(劫持)the same waves that carry music and news to your smartphone.

  Vikram Iyer co-led the project with Anran Wang, a graduate student in computer science and engineering. The two got the idea for their invention by paying attention to what was already around them. “It’s the ideal way to minimize the power consumption for any kind of communication,” notes Iyer. Their research had focused on new types of wireless

  communications that won’t require much energy. They wanted something that would work outdoors in a city. Then they realized the air is already filled with wireless communications in the form of radio stations.

  Radio waves carry energy at the speed of light from tall transmission towers to radios in cars, phones and homes. These waves of the antennas take in existing radio waves and change them slightly. Those changes add new sound information. The changed waves are then sent back out into the world where people can listen in. So the device only needs enough power to change the waves, not to generate them.

  The scientists tested their device with a poster. It advertised a Seattle concert by Simply Three. People standing almost 4 meters away from the poster could use FM receivers on smartphones to listen to all songs of the band’s music, Those in cars as far as 18 meters away could use car radios to pick up some parts of the songs

  The technology could even extend to clothes. Iyer, Wang and their team turned the shirt into an antenna. It let the shirt talk to the wearer’s smartphone. If a sensor in the shirt tracked a person’s heart rate during exercise, for instance, the antenna could transmit those data to the wearer’s phone.

  32. The underlined word “generate” in the first paragraph is closest in meaning to “ ”.

  A. promote B. repair C. produce D. recycle

  33. Which of the following is one advantage of the new antennas?

  A. They save energy.

  B. They are small-sized

  C They can be used in villages.

  D. They can improve radio signals.

  34. What is the third paragraph mainly about?

  A. The way the antennas take in radio waves.

  B. The working principle of the antennas.

  C The benefit people can get from the antennas.

  D. The situation where the antennas can be used

  35. What can be inferred from the text?

  A. The antennas can be available at present.

  B. Vikram Iyer created the antennas with much money.

  C The antennas cannot be used in the students dormitory and classroom.

  D. The closer people stay to the antennas, the stronger signals they pick up.

  第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。

  It’s Friday morning, and you’re taking another test. Are you ready? Students who do well on tests often have good study skills, but good study skills involve a lot of preparations as well as studying. Here are a few simple strategies(策略)that will help.

  Read ahead. 36 . Highlight or make notes of things that you feel are important, and share your thoughts during classroom discussions. Also, by reading ahead, class time can be used more efficiently to discuss questions or topics that need clarification. Clarifying questions in class will free up more time to review and study the new material at home.

  Take good notes. Good notes make great studying tools. Good note taking involves a lot more than copying notes from the board. 37 . Pay attention to textbook pages that are relevant to the discussion.

  Make flashcards. Flashcards are great review tools for basic math facts or word definitions. Write the word or question on one side and the definition or answer on the other side. 38 . Make one pile for flashcards that were remembered, and make one pile for flashcards not remembered. The more you review the flashcards, the smaller the flashcards pile not remembered should be.

  39 . Get together with a few friends and quiz each other on the material and notes you’ve collected for the test. Explain or describe in your own words what the material is about, and compare the information you have collected with each other.

  40 . Being prepared for class, participating during class, and reviewing after class are good strategies so that you have the most accurate and best materials to study.

  A. Study in a group

  B. Review notes daily

  C. As you review them, make two piles

  D. Doing it helps you better prepare for class

  E. There are many things you can do to improve your studying skills

  F. You are becoming more familiar with the concepts and topics discussed

  G. Make sure to include any relevant information from the classroom discussions

  第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。

  Sunday was always our book-buying day. Every Sunday, my father would take me over to the Carousel Mall and let me walk through all the 41 while he read his newspaper. Then we would sit side by side reading in 42 . After a while, he would ask me which one out of my large pile of books I liked best. If I couldn’t 43 between two, he would buy me both books. In this way, he 44 me to read. He never discouraged me by 45 like my mom often did: “Why are you reading 46 ? Get outside! Stop living in fantasy.”

  When I grew older and discovered the 47 where I could take out as many books as I wanted for free, my father encouraged me to go there 48 .

  For quite some time I never knew there was an actual person who 49 all those wonderful books. When I finally realized this, it was like a(n) 50 . I thought I could also write stories just like them. When I told my dad this, he seemed to already 51 it. He read what I wrote and always joked that when I became a famous writer one day I should give the 52 to him. Even if I don’t become 53 for my books. I at least know what I am and what my dad helped me to become because of all those childhood 54 to book stores, and all his heartfelt comments that made me really 55 myself. Before reading what I wrote, he said he knew it would be 56 , because I had written it.

  I’m going to major in English literature at college 57 I want to make a career writing. I know my dad will be 58 of me. He has 59 me instead of hindering(阻碍)me. He encouraged me to be who I am. I’m going to give the first book to him not because he 60 me to but because he is my inspiration.

  41. A. street B. blocks C. houses D. bookshelves

  42. A. silence B. surprise C. turn D. doubt

  43. A. buy B. decide C. recognize D. finish

  44. A. taught B. forced C. encouraged D. persuaded

  45. A. saying B. worrying C. proving D. caring

  46. A. calmly B. quickly C. immediately D. constantly

  47. A. school B. library C. store D. case

  48. A. after all B. by far C.as well D. at least

  49. A. read B. wrote C. bought D. collected

  50. A. secret B. task C. history D. inspiration

  51. A. know B. manage C. organize D. repeat

  52. A. work B. prize C. book D. result

  53. A. happy B. famous C. anxious D. thankful

  54. A. trips B. excuses C. impressions D. researches

  55. A. care about B. laugh at C. believe in D. differ from

  56. A. hard B. expensive C. great D. similar

  57. A. if B. but C. though D. because

  58. A. afraid B. proud C. aware D. guilty

  59. A. helped B. loved C. protected D. known

  60. A. allowed B. promised C. preferred D. told

  第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节 语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  A boy trembled in the cold winter, wrapping his arms wound 61 (he) on a bus stop bench. He wasn’t wearing warm clothes and the temperature was -10℃. 62 a heartbreaking scene it was! But the good deeds of the ordinary people 63 witnessed the 11-year-old Johannes were both joyous and inspiring. A woman, 64 (sit) next to the boy, discovered he was on a school trip and was told to meet his teacher at the bus stop. She 65_ (selfless) covered his shoulders with her own coat. 66 (late), another woman at first gave him her scarf, and then wrapped him in her large jacket. Throughout the day, more and more people offered Johannes their gloves and even the coats off their backs.

  Actually, it was a 67 (hide) camera experiment by Norwegian charity SOS Children’s Village as part of their winter campaign to collect 68 (donate) to help Syrian children get through the winter. Synne Ronning, the information head of the organization, also 69 (note) that the child was a volunteer who was never 70 any danger during the filming.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  We may have different opinion on organizing class activities. When having a different opinion, I may choose to give it and respect the opinion of the majority. The mainly reason for my choice is that I was bringing up in a culture emphasizing collectivism(集体主义). So I tend to sacrifice my own interest for the beneficial of the group. Last Sunday, we argued about whether to have a picnic in a park and go to a museum. I would love to go to a museum, but most of my classmates want to go for a picnic. Which is often the case, I decided to follow with them, and we did have lots of fun that day. Sometimes giving up a little means get more.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  假定你是李华。你校英语文学社正在进行主题为“How to be a popular student”的英语征文活动。请你就此用英语给文学社的编辑写封投稿信,谈谈自己的看法。

  注意:

  1. 词数100左右;

  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;

  3. 开头和结尾已给出,不计人总词数。

  Dear editor,

  Yours,

  Li Hua

  河北省保定市2017-2018学年高二下学期期末考试

  英语试题答案

  第一部分 听力(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  1〜5 CBBAB 6〜10 BACCA 11〜15 CBABC 16〜20 CACAB

  第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)

  第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  (A) 21〜23 BAC (B)24〜27 CBAD (C) 28〜31 CABD (D) 32〜35 CABD

  第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)

  36〜40 DGCAE

  第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  41〜45 DABCA 46〜50 DBCBD 51〜55 ACBAC 56〜60 CDBAD

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)

  61. himself 62. What 63. who 64. sitting 65. selflessly

  66. Later 67. hidden 68. donations 69. noted 70. in

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)

  We may have different opinion on organizing class activities. When having a different opinion, I may choose to

  opinions

  give it∧and respect the opinion of the majority. The mainly reason for my choice is that I was bringing up in a culture

  up main brought

  emphasizing collectivism(集体主义). So I tend to sacrifice my own interest for the beneficial of the group. Last

  benefit/benefits

  Sunday, we argued about whether to have a picnic in a park and go to a museum. I would love to go to a museum,

  or

  but most of my classmates want to go for a picnic. Which is often the case, I decided to follow with them, and we

  wanted As 删掉with

  did have lots of fun that day. Sometimes giving up a little means get more.

  getting

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  【参考范文】

  One possible version:

  Dear editor,

  We all hope to be popular with our classmates and teachers. To win popularity, we are supposed to regard the class as our big family and try our best to take an active part in all our class activities. We should be responsible for the work and have teamwork spirit in mind.

  To be a popular student, we must show our respect, concern and sympathy to others. We should never hesitate to lend a hand to those in need. To be a popular student, we ought to be strict with ourselves about everything we do at school and make an effort to achieve all-round development, being good not only at our lessons but also at other aspects.

  Yours,

  Li Hua

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