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语法填空预测题
作者:闫跃 发布时间:2018-07-31 16:49:22 本文来源于:《高中生·天天向上》2018.8
  (一)

  Traffic is one of the unavoidable aspects of urban life. Each day,by various means of transportation,heavy loads of goods 1 a great number of passengers are moved all across the city. 2 the modernization driving in full swing,traffic has a great impact on the life of the city. What a mess we would be in if these lines of commerce and transport 3 (be) out of action even temporarily!

  Due to its essential role in the vitality of a city,traffic has long been 4 serious concern for our municipal(市政的) government. In recent years, new bus routes and new vehicles 5 (put) in service for passenger traffic. Many underpasses and overpasses have been built 6 (ease) out the “bottlenecks”(瓶颈路段)at intersections. Meanwhile, 7 (addition) traffic projects are under consideration.

  Despite all these efforts,traffic remains one of our municipal government’s biggest 8 (headache). Traffic jams during rush hours,bus delays and stoppages,

  9 bring great inconvenience to us,have become a way of life for our citizens. In addition,traffic accidents occur with increasing frequency, 10 (result) in heavy losses in both state property and lives. It is high time traffic problems were given top priority on the government’s agenda,if our city is to survive the nationwide competition.

  答案与解析

  1.填 and。考查并列连词。前后两个名词共同作主语,是并列关系,故用并列连词and。

  2.填With。考查介词。介词短语in full swing表示“活跃,正在全力进行”,这里是with复合结构。

  3.填 were。考查虚拟语气中的谓语动词。表示对现在情况的虚拟,if条件从句的be动词要用were。

  4.填a。考查不定冠词。根据后面的名词可知,这里表示的是泛指概念。

  5.填 have been put。考查时态、语态及主谓一致。由时间状语In recent years可知,应用现在完成时;根据主谓之间的逻辑关系可知,要用被动语态;根据主谓一致可知,谓语动词要用复数。

  6.填 to ease。考查非谓语动词。不定式用作目的状语。

  7.填 additional。考查词类转换。修饰名词用形容词。

  8.填 headaches。考查名词的数。由one of可知,后面要用名词复数。

  9.填which。考查从属连词。由先行词指物,而且用于引导非限制性定语从句可知,用which。

  10.填 resulting。考查非谓语动词。现在分词用作状语,表示意料之中的结果。

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