用同现法解答完形填空题
作者:李进才 发布时间:2018-07-31 16:09:07 本文来源于:《高中生·天天向上》2018.8
  场景同现

  场景同现指围绕某一话题场景出现具有共同倾向性的词汇。语篇场景千变万化,包罗万象,考生在答题时一定要抓住语言场景,综合考虑,排除干扰,才能得出正确答案。

  例1 In 1973,I was teaching elementary school. Each day,27 kids 41 “The Thinking Laboratory”.

  41. A. built B. entered

  C. decorated D. ran

  解析:根据这两句话提供的场景(教学场景)可知,作者1973年正在教小学,每天学生们都要走进“思维实验室”。选项A和C与学生的身份不符合,选项D在与宾语的搭配上讲不通,即使在其后加上into, 也不符合常识,故选B项。

  例2 Years ago,a critical event occurred in my life that would change it forever. I met Kurt Kampmeir of Success Motivation Incorporation for breakfast. While we were 36 ,Kurt asked me...

  36. A. working B. preparing

  C. thinking D. eating

  解析:根据前文(I met Kurt Kampmeir of Success Motivation Incorporation for breakfast)提供的就餐场景可知,36空应为就餐或吃饭,故选D项。

  例3 The only hope was Balto,Kaasen’s lead dog. Balto put his nose to the ground, 52 to find the smell of other dogs that had traveled on the trail. If Balto failed,it would mean disaster for Nome.

  52. A. pretending B. trying

  C. asking D. learning

  解析:根据本句提供的雪橇犬寻路的场景可知,Balto应该是试图嗅出其他狗的气味,故选B项。

  例4 Just before September,Miller was struck by a car and lost his right arm. I went to see him after he came back from 24 .

  24. A. school B. vacation

  C. hospital D. training

  解析:根据前后句提供的场景(队友出车祸后看望)可知,“我”在他出院后去看望他,故选C项。

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