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细节理解题的命题方式
作者:杨富章 发布时间:2018-06-07 08:20:26 本文来源于:《高中生·天天向上》2018.6
  一、细节描写题

  细节描写题,常常考查考生对文中有关人物动作、思想感情、心理活动、观点,或事件的起因、发展、过程、结果等方面的理解。这类描写信息往往比较直接,一般不需要考生对它们进行比较深入的理解。对于这类题,考生一般可以直接从原文中找到与题目相对应的有关信息。

  例1 (第一段和第二段略)

  To find out if the special quality was more widespread in birds,the researchers sought the red-backed fairy wren,another species of Australian songbird. First they collected sound data from 67 nests in four sites in Queensland before and after hatching. Then they identified begging calls by analyzing the order and number of notes. A computer analysis blindly compared calls produced by mothers and chicks,ranking them by similarity.

  It turns out that baby red-backed fairy wrens also emerge chirping like their moms. And the more frequently mothers had called to their eggs,the more similar were the babies’ begging calls. In addition,the team set up a separate experiment that suggested that the baby birds that most closely imitated their mom’s voice were rewarded with the most food.

  This observation hints that effective embryonic learning could signal neurological(神经系统的) strengths of children to parents. An evolutionary inference can then be drawn. “As a parent,do you invest in quality children,or do you invest in children that are in need?”Kleindorfer asks. “Our results suggest that they might be going for quality.”

  59. What are Kleindorfer’s findings based on?

  A. Similarities between the calls of moms and chicks.

  B. The observation of fairy wrens across Australia.

  C. The data collected from Queensland’s locals.

  D. Controlled experiments on wrens and other birds.

    ……

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