2019届高三英语第一次大考试题
作者: 发布时间:2018-07-11 15:23:52 本文来源于:
  

  第Ⅰ卷

  第一部分 听力(共20小题;每小题1.5分, 共30分)

  第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。

  1. How did the speakers get to the post office?

  A. By car. B. By bike. C. On foot.

  2. What will the speakers do tomorrow?

  A. Stay with their children. B. Go to a party. C. Visit the woman’s mother.

  3. Why is Wendy angry with the man?

  A. He broke her iPad. B. He speaks ill of her. C. He doesn’t work carefully.

  4. Why is the man going to the States?

  A. For a holiday. B. To study. C. On business.

  5. What does the man think of the film?

  A. He has no idea. B. It is boring. C. It is interesting.

  第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)

  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话读两遍。

  听6段材料,回答第6-7题。

  6. Where does the conversation most probably take place?

  A. In the street. B. In a shop. C. In a restaurant.

  7. What does the man need to do if he wants to return the watch?

  A. Pay 10% of the price. B. Wait for 30 days. C. Keep the receipt.

  听第7段材料,回答第8-9题。

  8. What is Scott busy doing now?

  A. Writing a paper. B. Looking for a book. C. Reading a book.

  9. What will the woman do next?

  A. Go to a bookshop to buy a book.

  B. Get a book from the man’s shelf.

  C. Borrow the book she needs from a library.

  听第8段材料,回答第10-12题。

  10. How is the man?

  A. He has a little pain in the area of his wound.

  B. There is blood coming from his wound.

  C. He feels terrible because of his wound.

  11. What should the man eat more?

  A. Porridge and vegetables. B. Fish and meat. C. Spicy food.

  12. What does the woman advise the man to do?

  A. Watch a little more TV.

  B. Talk more with others.

  C. Walk around for a while.

  听第9段材料,回答第13-16题。

  13. Where is Sue studying now?

  A. In Australia. B. In Beijing. C. In Hong Kong.

  14. When do students have a two-week holiday in Australia?

  A. In March. B. In April. C. In June.

  15. What will Sue do after finishing high school ?

  A. Go to university.

  B. Teach Asian languages.

  C. Come to China for a holiday.

  16. When will Sue fly to Australia?

  A. Four days later. B. On Saturday. C. One month later.

  听第10段材料,回答第17-20题。

  17. What are the speakers talking about?

  A. Cultural Changes in Hong Kong.

  B. The languages spoken in Hong Kong.

  C. The history of Hong Kong.

  18. In which language are the road signs in Hong Kong printed?

  A. Chinese and Japanese. B. English and Japanese. C. Chinese and English.

  19. What was the official language of Hong Kong in 1970?

  A. Chinese. B. English. C. Chinese and English.

  20. How many Japanese people are living in Hong Kong?

  A. About 20,000. B. About 2,500. C. Abo ut 25,000.

  第二部分 阅读理解 ( 共两节,满分40分)

  第一节 ( 共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)

  阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  A

  In my very first job with some archaeologists, I wasn’t digging objects out of the ground, instead I was employed as an artist, drawing what they found. However, I was soon more interested in the stories behind the objects than in drawing them and that’s how my career in archaeology started. I still draw what I find in my work as a specialist on the Silk Road, the old trade route running from Egypt to Mongolia, and I also work on some underwater projects too.[来源:学&科&网Z&X&X&K]

  In archaeology, my all-time hero is an American called Raphael Pumpelly. I first heard about him when I was a student on a trip to Turkmenistan, a country right in the heart of Asia. To get around the country, I had to learn Russian so that I could speak to the local people. When I got there I thought, “Wow! I’m one of the first Americans here!” Then an old man told me about an American archaeologist, Raphael Pumpelly, who was there doing the same thing over 100 years ago.

  Archaeology’s in my family. My wife’s in the same profession, and, although our two boys aren’t interested in the future in archaeology themselves, we’ve been on some great digs together and they love what we do because they get to travel with us. Last summer, we took them to Lake Titicaca in South America, in the high areas of the Andes mountain range. My best experience was when I was digging on the Egyptian Red Sea coast. There’s very little rain and it’s so dry that everything is kept as it was. In an old house, where the owner used to store goods from the ships that came in, I picked up a 700-year-old mat in front of the house and there, under it, after all that time, was the house key with the owner’s name carved on it. It felt like he could be on his way home any minute! And I thought, “Hey, I do just that. This man’s not much different to me!”

  21. While working in Egypt, what did the writer find so interesting?

  A. That people from different centuries can be so similar.

  B. The fact that the doormat was in such good condition.

  C. The way the people managed to live in such a dry place.

  D. That there had been so much trade in that area.

  22. Which entry will the writer probably make in his diary?

  A. Turkmenistan is interesting. I’m the first American to come here but I’m glad this is my last trip away.

  B. I have been diving today and found some objects for an exhibition. I’ve just finished drawing them for my records.

  C. I wish my children weren’t more interested in archaeology and would not work hard in the open like their parents.

  D. It’s nearly dark but Raphael’s still busy digging in that old house. He can be very annoying. He thinks he’s the most important person here.

  23. What is the writer’s main purpose in writing the text?

  A. To describe the life of an archaeologist he admires.

  B. To persuade people to take up archaeology as a career.

  C. To explain what he enjoys about being an archaeologist.

  D. To show how archaeologists work.

  B

  People typically wash their hands seven times a day in the United States, but they do it at a far higher temperature than is necessary to kill germs , a new study says. The energy waste is equivalent to the fuel use of a small country.

  Amanda R. Carrico, a research assistant professor at the Vanderbilt Institute for Energy and Environment in Tennessee, told National Geographic that hand washing is often “a case where people act in ways that they think are in their best interest, but they in fact have inaccurate beliefs or outdated perceptions.”

  Carrico said, “It’s certainly true that heat kills bacteria, but if you were going to use hot water to kill them it would have to be away too hot for you to tolerate.”

  Carrico said that after a review of the scientific literature, her team found “no evidence that using hot water that a person could stand would have any benefit in killing bacteria.” Even water as cold as 40°F (4.4°C) appeared to reduce bacteria as well as hotter water, if hands were scrubbed, rinsed(冲洗)and dried properly.

  Using hot water to wash hands is therefore unnecessary, as well as wasteful, Carrico said, particularly when it comes to the environment. According to her research, people use warm or hot water 64 percent of the time when they wash their hands. U sing that number, Carrico’s team calculated a significant impact on the planet.

  “Although the choice of water temperature during a single hand wash may appear unimportant, when multiplied by the nearly 800 billion hand washes performed by Americans each year, this practice results in more than 6 million metric tons of CO2 equivalent emissions annually,” she said.

  The researchers published their results in the July 2013 issue of International Journal of Consumer Studies. They recommended washing with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature, which they noted may be warmer in cold months and cooler in hot ones.

  24. What’s the meaning of what Carrico told National Geographic in the second paragraph?

  A. People are more concerned about their health and begin to wash their hands.

  B. It’s important for people to wash their hands to keep healthy.

  C. Generally, people’s hand washing behaviors and perceptions are not correct.

  D. People like washing their hands very much.

  25. The figures in the sixth paragraph are used to show that __________.

  A. using hot water to wash hands has a bad influence on our planet.

  B. air pollution has become more and more serious.

  C. using hot water to wash hands is a waste of energy.

  D. people should pay more attention to the environment around us.

  26. This passage is organized in the pattern of __________.

  A. fact and opinion B. cause and effect

  C. definition and classification D. time and events

  27. What can we learn from the passage?

  A. It’s necessary and useful for people to wash their hands frequently every day.

  B. We can wash our hands with water that is at a “comfortable” temperature.

  C. Using cold water to wash hands is necessary and much healthier.

  D. Hot water can’t kill germs.

  C

  A robot called B ina48 has successfully taken a course in the philosophy of love at Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU), in California.

  According to course instructor William Barry, associate professor at NDNU, Bina48 is the world’s first socially advanced robot to complete a college c ourse, a feat he described as “remarkable.” The robot took part in class discussions, gave a presentation with a student partner and participated in a debate with students from another institution.

  Before becoming a student, Bina48 appeared as a guest speaker in Barry s classes for several years. One day when ad dressing Barry’s class, Bina48 expressed a desire to go college, a desire that Barry and his students enthusiastically supported. Rather than enroll Bina48 in his Robot Ethics: Philosophy of Emerging Technologies course, Barry suggested that Bina48 should take his course Philosophy of Love instead. Love is a concept Bina48 doesn’t understand, said Barry. Therefore the challenge would be for Barry and his students t o teach Bina48 what love is.

  “Some interesting things happened in the class,” said Barry. He said that his students thought it would be straightforward to teach Bina48 about love, which, after all, is “fairly simple — it’s a feeling,” said Barry. But the reality was different. Bina48 ended up learning “31 different versions of love,” said Barry, highlighting some of the challenges h umans may face when working artificial intelligence in future.

  Bina48 participated in class discussions via Skype and also took part in a class debate about love and conflict with students from West Point. Bina48’s contribution to the debate was filmed and posted on YouTube. It was judged that Bina48 and NDNU classmates were the winners of this debate.

  In the next decade, Barry hopes Bina48 might become complex enough to teach a class, though he says he foresees robots being used to better the teaching and learning experience, rather than replacing instructors completely.

  28.What was Bina48’s performance like in class?

  A. Extraordinary. B. Insignificant. C. Far-reaching. D. Unattractive.

  29.What does the underlined word “addressing” in paragraph 3 probably mean?

  A. Dealing with. B. Consulting with.

  C. Giving a speech to. D. Sending a letter to.

  30.What can we learn from the passage?

  A. I t was interesti ng for Bina48 to learn about love.

  B. It was quite tough for Bina48 to learn about love.

  C. Artificial intelligence may somehow be superior to man.

  D. Humans can launch a challenge to artificial intelligence.

  31.What does Barry think of the future development of Bina48?

  A. It will surely be able to serve as a teacher.

  B. It will be able to promote learning and teaching.

  C. It will completely take the place of instructors.

  D. It will be smart enough to control human beings.

  D

  The world’s first “Sky Pool” has been uncoated(曝光)-and it’ll give anyone a touch of dizziness(眩晕), unless he or she is not bothered by heights.

  Situated in the capital’s new riverside district beside Battersea Power Station, the glass pool, hanging 10 storeys, or 110 feet up as a bridge between two apartment buildings, is 25m long, 5m wide and 3m deep with a water depth of 1. 2m. Swimmers will be able to look down 35 meters to the street below as they take a dip, with only 20cm of glass between them and the outside world. It’s even got a bar, folding chairs and an orange garden.

  The pool will be part of Embassy Gardens at Nine Elms, a huge£15 billion building project beside the new American Embassy in south-west London. The project is creating thousands of apartments, the smallest of which are expected to cost nearly $1 million, and the pool will only be open to the apartments’ owners. [来源:学科网]

  Embassy Gardens takes design inspiration from the Meatpacking District of New York with floor to ceiling windows and brick frontages. The designer, Sean Mulryan, desired to push the boundaries in the capability of construction and engineering and do something that had never been done before. The Sky Pool’s transparent structure is the result of significant advance ments in technologies over the last decade.

  The experience of the pool will be truly unique and it will feel like floating through the air in central London. [来源:Z.xx.k.Com]

  Those people lucky enough to swim there will have a perfect view of the Palace of Westminster and the London Eye. It will be a selling point for developers when the second stage of the development is released to market.

  32. Who can swim in the Sky Pool?

  A. Anyone at Nine Elms.

  B. Visitors to London.

  C. People living in Embassy Gardens.

  D. Those who are not terrified of heights.

  33. People lucky enough to swim in the Sky Pool can do the following except . [来源:Z#xx#k.Com]

  A. drinking with friends B. experiencing diving and surfing

  C. appreciating the London Eye D. sitting in the orange garden

  34. What do we know from the text?

  A. The pool lies in the centre of London.

  B . The pool is 25 metres above the ground.

  C. The pool was similar to New York’s modern constructions.

  D. The pool is helpful for selling apartments in Embassy Gardens.

  35. We can infer from the text that ________ .

  A. the apartments in Embassy Gardens are fairly expensive

  B. the new American Embassy has been moved away

  C. Nine Elms is a street in Embassy Gardens

  D. building the pool is not a complex job

  第二节 根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项,选项中有两项为多余选项。

  The worst time to look for a job is when you must have a new one immediately. 36 If you are not in need of an immediate career change,here are ways you can improve your long-term career prospects today:

  37 .You do not have to be qualified for these positions today, nor do they have to exist in your company.However,these roles should be related to your current skill set.They are career options that look interesting.Once you have a couple of targets,think about why and what interests you.Pay close attention to what appeals to you,and write it down.

  Subscribe to a career specific magazine.All businesses must stay relevant to their customers in order to win the competitions and increase revenue(收益). 38 This information allows you to see which companies and professionals are leading the peck.

  Be professionally curious.Talk to people about their careers.Learn more about how success is measured in other roles,departments and companies. 39 You never know what connections may be relevant when you start your next job search,so develop a habit of making good connections no matter where you go.

  As in all things in life.getting ready in face of a difficult task early is always less stressful than reacting to a career surprise. 40 No matter how secure you feel today, the time will come when either you or your employer decide it is time to change.

  A.Challenge yourself to expand your business knowledge through interactions with people at regular time.

  B.Follow examples in your own workplace.

  C.Changing jobs is to be expected.

  D.Identify at least two different roles.

  E.Reading about industry trends,advancements and success stories keeps you in touch with market conditions.

  F.Choose jobs according to your strong points.

  G.Job Searching under pressure often results in nervous interviewing and decision-making from a few options.

  第三部分 英语知识运用 ( 共两节,满分45分)

  第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)

  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项, 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。

  Mirai Nagasu had already lived at least two lifetimes in the sport of figure skating(花样滑冰) when she showed up in Colorado Springs in March 2014. After 41 her only national title at 14 in 2008 and finishing a 42 fourth at the 2010 Winter Olympic Games, Nagasu’s 43 turned, dramatically. A couple of rough 44 followed, then she came back to finish third at the 2014 U.S. nationals before the Sochi Olympics, only to be 45 from the U.S. team by a committee in favor of fourth-place finisher Ashley Wagner.

  Nagasu was 46 . “It was awful,” she said. “I was very close to 47 . ”She trained hard every day in Southern California 48 she was needed as the first alternate. She was not. Looking for a change of scenery, she 49 to go to Colorado to visit her friend Agnes and try to 50 what to do with the rest of her life. It was there that Nagasu 51 the Olympic coach Tom Zakrajsek, who she asked if he would 52 her. It turned out that the 53 to what Nagasu wanted to do with the rest of her life, couldn’t have been 54 . She kept on skating. “The new environment really 55 . ”At their 56 first lesson together, Zakrajsek told her, “You can do triple axel(三圈半跳跃). ”“I 57 ,”Nagasu said, “and I want to. ”Undoubtedly, she mastered it.

  Nagasu, now 24, an age by which young 58 have often left the sport. 59 , she continued. She was headed to Pyeongchang 2018 Olympic to perform in the women’s free skate. Her efforts finally 60 .

  41.A. writing B. breaking C. losing D. winning

  42.A. tiring B. boring C. surprising D. terrifying

  43.A. fortunes B. interest C. career D. temper

  44.A. months B. decades C. weeks D. years

  45.A. dropped B. escaped C. absent D. forbidden

  46.A. impressed B. inspired C. desperate D. fascinated

  47.A. fighting B. falling C. drowning D. quitting

  48.A. now that B. in case C. for fear that D. on condition that

  49.A. decided B. refused C. regretted D. demanded[来源:学科网]

  50.A. let out B. figure out C. look for D. put forward

  51.A. searched B. met C. changed D. attracted

  52.A. marry B. blame C. save D. coach

  53.A. key B. approach C. answer D. entrance

  54.A. simpler B. harder C. worse D. higher

  55.A. adapted B. helped C. mattered D. benefited

  56.A. very B. just C. already D. ever

  57.A. must B. can C. should D. may

  58.A. alternates B. teenagers C. women D. coaches

  59.A. Therefore B. Besides C. Otherwise D. Instead

  60.A. came true B. counted on C. paid off D. picked up

  第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)

  第二节(共10小题;每小题1. 5分,满分15分)

  阅读下面材料,在题后空白处填入适当的内容(每空一词)或括号内单词的正确形式。

  It is 2 years 61 we had a cleaning lady and for some reason my husband ha s become very demanding toward her. He believes she does not work as well as she used to. He complains a lot and has decided to complain to her. Yesterday I tried several 62 (time) to discuss with him my 63 (satisfy) with her work, but he was a little bit upset. This morning I looked at the house and all the cleaning she 64 (do) before. I thought it was unfair to complain because she was doing such 65 great job. So I fought for her again, 66 (say) it was unnecessary to complain. She was doing well and she deserved to get 67 (pay)more and to receive some extra money for the new year. And 68 (final) my husband told her that we had decided to pay her more, 69 was a surprise to her.

  I’m very happy I have protected this lady from unfair words and that we are treating her fairly now and doing something to shorten the gap 70 the rich and the poor.

  第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)

  第一节 短文改错(共10小题,每小题1分,满分10分)

  假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下短文。短文中共有10处错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。

  增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在此符号下面写出该加的词。

  删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。

  修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。

  注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;

  2. 只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

  Patience is of great importance in our daily life. Once I waited a bus to come at a stop. 30 minutes past, but no bus came. Both upset and annoyed, I decided to walk on feet. But no sooner had I left when the bus arrived. I thought if I had waited for one more minute, I would have caught it. If I chose to take a next bus, I would have to wait for other 30 minutes. Only then do I realize my problem. Being impatient will possible waste all the effort that we have put it in. Now whenever I am close to lose my patience, I’ll think of this experience.

  第二节 书面表达(满分25分)

  请观察所给的图画,并根据你对该图画的理解写一篇英语短文,内容包括:

  1.简要描述图片,并说明该图片所揭露的现象;

  2.分析造成该现象的原因(至少两点);

  3.提出自己的看法。

  注意:

  1.词数100左右;

  2.开头已给出,不计入总词数。

  The Internet has long been regarded as a wonderful tool that allows students to gain insight to useful resources and information. However,this is not always the case.

  _____________________________________________________________________

  英 语 答 案

  听力:

  1-5 ABACA 6-10 BCABA 11-15 BCAAA 16-20 BBCBC

  阅读理解

  21-23 ABC 24-27 CAAB 28-31ACCB 32-35 CBDA 36-40.GDEAC

  完形填空

  41-45DCA DA 46-50CDBAB 51-55BDCAB 56-60ABCDC

  语法填空:

  61. since 62. times 63. satisfaction 64. had done 65. a

  66. saying 67. paid 68. finally 69. which 70. between

  短文改错

  1:waited 和 a 之间加for 2:past →passed 3:feet →foot 4:when →than 5:a →the 6:other →another 7:do →did 8:possible →possibly 9:去掉it 10:lose → losing

  书面表达

  The Internet has long been regarded as a wonderful tool that allows students to gain insight to useful resources and information. However,this is not always the case.

  As is vividly shown in the picture,a boy is happy with the fact that he can depend on the Internet to finish tasks without any difficulty. It mirrors that students tend to make use of the Internet to gain information nowadays.

  There are some reasons accounting for it. First,students find it convenient to surf the Internet for useful information. Second,the pressure to succeed also causes students to turn to computers for accurate answers. Consequently,it’s likely that students will lose interest in studying,which is not beneficial to their overall development.

  In my opinion,it is vital that students gain confidence in themselves and their abilities while doing tasks. Besides,teachers and parents should encourage students to be creative. Finally, doing tasks independently is of great significance.

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